Info dan banyak foto raja-raja di pulau Rote diambil dari:
Donald Tick, Vlaardingen, Netherlands. Indonesian royalty expert.
Untuk info tambahan tentang kerajaan-kerajaan di pulau Rote: Donald Tick: https://www.facebook.com/Manek-of-Rote-Ndao-832442366958194/
Sejumlah raja Rote sekitar tahun 1930. Sumber: KITLV Netherlands. Dari kiri ke kanan:
– Thobias Malelak dari Keka,
– Christiaan Paulus Manubulu dari Korbato,
– D.L. Detaq dari Baa,
– tidak diketahui, dan
– Matheos Jusuf Willem Johannis dari Landu.
Info dari Donald tick, FB: Manek …….Dae Pane dari kerajaan Baa, member of 1 of the three branches of the dynasty. Ruled until 1938. After Manek Arnoldus Tule Foe alias Muskanan Tole (ruled 1905-12), there was not directly a new manek, so raja of Termanu became temp. raja. But maybe ca. since 1913 this raja ruled, of which I not know his full name. Succeeded by member other branch: Manek Semuel Stefhanus Detaq (-1958). Maybe the dynasty of Baa can give me more info about the ruling period 1912-1938.
Manek Alexander Nero Lenggu dari kerajaan Bilba. Ruled 1883-6/95-1908). Succeeded uncle Manek Pieter Lenggu (1868-70/74-83), son of Manek David Lenggu (1870-4) succeeded by Manek Pedama Mangalai Saba (1886-95 (cousin of his father) and in 1908 by his son Soleman Pedama Mangalai Saba (-1928). His son Alexander was raja 1936-48). Picture 1898, collection Wereldmuseum/Rotterdam/Holland. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Herman Dupe dari kerajaan Bokai (1961-69). Originally a powerfull kingdom under the Taka dynasty. Because of war disintegration and a part went to Baa area and created the Lelain kingdom. The Dupe became the 2nd dynasty of the original area. Succeeded Manek Saudale Messak Dupe (1931-abdicated 1961). The present raja was the 40th ruler of Bokai (was called before Medi Ndoi Ndoele and split up ca 1690 and disintegration ca 1750. Present raja likes the agriculture as business. One of the last before ruling kings of Indonesia. Sumber donald tick, FB
Dari donald tick, FB: Manek Abner Ndoen dari kerajaan Dehla. Ruled 1935-1970. Last ruling manek of Dehla. Succeeded the raja of Dengka, who became chief of a federasi, before Manek P. Ndoen (1930-abdicated 1933) and the father of Manek Abner: Manek Jeremias Ndoen (1922-1930) (deposed and exiled 1930-1937). He experienced the tax rebellio in Dehla, he saw the coming of the total end of the raja rule, so he abdicated 1970 and died 2 years afterwards. In the begin of the 20th century no pure-Ndoen as descendant of a raja was left in Dehla, so so then a member of the Ndoen branch of the dynasty in Oenale was selected and asked to become the new raja.
Manek Bauk dari kerajaan Dengka. Memerintah 17..-18../18..-18.. Kedua kali: pemerintah sudah 1818, masih 1832. 1803 sudah Manek Doki Pah Manafe. 1854-8 sudah Manek Tungga Koten. Manek Bauk lahir ca 1765, gambar oct 1818. Dari buku se Freycinet. Sumber: donald tick
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek David Paulus Manafe dari kerajaan Diu (ruled since 19??). In the 20th century several relative short rules of rajas here. He succeeded Manek Samuel Charles Manafe (selected as new raja 1937). He himself was son of Manek Paulus David Manafe ( 1905-after 1917).
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Alberth Paulus Manafe dari kerajaan Diu, some said he ruled as raja until 1962, died 1991. His 2 residences and also the royal graveyard are beauties on the island of Rote. He was married with the daughter of the last ruling raja of Bilba. Collection: last official queen of the raja of Bilba.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Paulus David Manafe dari kerajaan Diu, ruled since 1905 until after 1917, probably deposed because of rebellion. Died 1944. He had succeeded Manek Soleman Manafe (ruled since 1887).
Dari donald tick, FB: Ratu Welhelmina Manafe Lenggu; ratu of the last ruling manek dari kerajaan Diu-Manek Albert Ndoen and daughter of the last ruling manek of Bilba- Manek Marten Lenggu.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Fettor Karel Koanak/Kouanak dari kerajaan Keka (ruled 1907-1927). In 1895 Keka joined the Karadjaan Ampat federation (under the rule of the raja of Loleh). It is not clear, if the previous raja of Keka, Manek Laazar Malelak (1887-95) had totally stepped down from his ruling responsibilities in 1895, or who then locally was the districtruler of Keka. Maybe the princes from the Malelak dynasty like YM Dheky Malelak or YM Chairel Malelak can tell me. This fettor was confirmed as fettor in 1888. In 1906 the K A federation was ended and the fettor of Keka became temporary-raja of Keka until 1911, when the K A federation was recreated again. In 1927 for sure the rule of Manek Thobias Malelak began. The fettor died in 1952. The photo is from 1904.
Dari donald tick, FB: Manek Cornelis Izak Manubulu of kerajaan Korbafo. Born as son of Prince Nathaniel Manubulu, brother of Manek Soleman Manubulu (ruled 1873-1921). Adopted by his uncle, because from his royal wife had no sons.Ruled 1921-1926. Married 1917 with Suzanna Wairisal, daughter of Ratu Muda Huberta Bakarbessy; sister of Raja Hein Bakarbessy of Waai on Ambon .Because his wife not full royal blooded the dynasty asked him to marry a more full royal blooded woman. But he chose for the love of his life and abdicated, went to Ambon, where he became a tax official and died in 1961 there. Burried on the royal graveyard of Waai. His son Prince Mathias Manubulu is now 90 years.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Christiaan Paulus Manubulu of kerajaan Korbafo (rul- ed since 1926. Son of Raja Soleman I Manubulu. Because his mother was not a pure royal blooded wife, the dynasty chose for the adopted son of the old raja,who was his nephew (Cornelis Izak M), but when this raja chose in 1926 for his nobility (but not royal wife) instead of the throne, Pr. Paulus Manubulu was asked to become raja. After 1948 end of rule Raja JS Kedoh, the federation rule done mainly, rotation, by the royalty (several rajas). He also. He died in 1989. Being 90 years. His sons Soleman Izk M and Leoanan Nathaniel M were seen as chiefs of the dynasty after him, but then already the branch of the dynasty, that ruled before the Manubulu (since 1860) declared themselves as chiefs of the dynasty. The Manubulu however remained on quite high government posts in local rule. The Manubulu were known as good rulers also. Collection Dr H Blonk/Winterswijk/Holland. Foto: 1954.
Dari donald tick, FB: Manek Soleman Izaak Manubulu of kerajaan Korbafo. Korbafo people also blessed him as their raja. He ruled 1873-1921. He succeeded His father Jessak/Izaak Manubulu as being the 2nd raja from the Manubulu branch of the dynasty. 3 daughters married local king: Louisa with raja of Mollo/Timor, Elisabeth with raja of Termanu/Rote and Angelique with raja of Sawu federation; before raja of Seba. Picture 1898. Manek Cornelis Izaak Manubulu (ruled 1921-1926). Photo 1898; collection KIT Amsterdam Joey Manubulu.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Leonan Nathaniel Manubulu of kerajaan Korbafo. After the last ruling manek had died; father Manek Paulus Manubulu, in 1989, he became the chief of the dynasty. Oldest brother Soleman Izak M was outside Rote. Soleman came back to Korbafo 6-3-2000 and took the responsibility as chief dynasty. But died 6-4-2000.
Left: Manek Hendrik Willem Johannis of kerajaan Landu. Succeeded his deceased brother Manek Willem Johannis (2008-10). Right his father Manek Marthen Matheos Johannis (1960-66-died 2008). Collection-manek dynasty of Landu. Sumber: Donald Tick, FB
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Soleman Kotten of kerajaan Ndao island. Son of Manek Hendrik Kotten (1905-25). After his father the brother of his father Frans Kotten became temporary manek until died 1940. In fact Soleman Kotten was the eligiblwe person to become the raja. Soleman left the island. From 1940-1968 Fettor Ferdinand Baun as temporary ruler. During that time the sister of the father of Soleman was the highest royal representative of the dynasty. After Ratu muda Josina Kotten died, he became chief of the dynasty and often visited the island. He ied ca. 70 years in 1990. Who then became the chief of the Kotten raja dynasty s unknown. Picture 1954; collection Dr H Blonk/Winterswijk/Holland
Dari donald tick, FB: Manek (?)Christoffel Hanok Lenggu dari kerajaan Oenale. Ruled as chief ruler 1961-66 as succesor of his died brother Manek Hendrik. From 1966-84 he was areachief, since 1969 of Oenitas part. His son Hanok Lenggu II was since 1984 ruler of that area. Half of Oenale. This last ruler of the Oenale rajaship is still alive.
Prince Thobias Giri; son of Manek-Raja Simon Messah Giri of kerajaan Oenale, from 1927-1939; the last ruling raja of Oenale of the Giri branch of the raja dynasty. The Giri-branch is the oldest raja-delivering branch. Sumber foto: donald tick, FB
Dari donald tick, FB: Manek Hendrik Daoed dari kerajaan Ringgou. After father Manek Nehemia Daoed died (ruled 1925-1962), he was already chief of police of total Rote, so he gave rajatitle to brother Dick Daoed, but people kept on recognizing him as the actual raja. After his death his oldest son Ir. Christian Didel Josef Daoed was recognised as chief of the Ringgou dynasty. The father of Manek Christian Daoed died in 2002.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Nehemia Daoed dari kerajaan Ringgou (ruled 1925-died 1962). He was a Protestant priest, who wished to serve God as a priest, but he was made persuaded to become raja, in a time, that Ringgou again needed full government harmony. He was chief of the Nusalai federation 1926-1928 and in the period 1948-62 he was several times chief of the Rote federation. Because in 1962 the crownprince Hendrik already was Rote island policechief(later of Kupang area), the halfbrother of Samuel (or Dick) was raja until 1972.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Fettor Mesakh Mesa Saudale of kerajaan Talae. Temporary- raja 1922-short before 1970. Son of Fettor Petrus Mesa saudalke, who was also temporary-raja 1907-1918. He succeeded Raja Muda Ferdinand Dethan from the original manek dynasty (1920-22).
Dari Donald Tick, FB: Fettor Orsel Saudale of kerajaan Talae (titleholder 1980-died 1988). Since the 1890-ies for one reason or another the Dethan dynasty replaced by other traditional ruling clan. Espacially the fettor dynasty Saudale. They became the permanent temporary-ruling family, an unique situation in Rote. After rule of 2 Saudale’s until 1918, it was tried again with the Dethan raja dynasty. After 2 Dethan rulers until 1922, again a situation was there, that the fettor had to replace temporarily the raja dynasty. Fettor Mesakh Saudale (1922-ca 1969 ) was the foremost last ruler of Talae, replaced for a very short time by another Talae. The oldest son of Fettor Mesakh Saudale succeeded him as chief of the fettor-dynasty: Fettor Orsel Saudale (1980). Died in 1988 and succeeded by his oldest son Fettor Roy Saudale, under regency of his uncle YM Ekrest Saudale.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Johannis Jeremias Michiel Amalo (1892-1914) of kerajaan Termanu. Succeding Manek Salmon Pela (1887-1892), who was from a sideline of the dynasty. Manek Johannis Amalo was son of Prince Jeremias Michiel Amalo, who was son of Raja Michiel Amalo (Pelo Keluanan), who was quite an ambitious raja. He ruled 1859-1875. This raja died before really exiled. Then succeeded by his cousin Stephanus Paulus Amalo (until 1887). Manek Johannis because of healthproblems was temporary replaced 31-7-1913 and abdicated 31-7-1914 and probably died in the same year. Maybe Princess Donna Connie Nisnoni knows his exact date of died. His younger brother Raja Muda Christofel JM Amalo was regent-raja for the son of the abdicated raja (Jacob Amalo) until 1941, succeeded by 2 of his sons until 1946. Then the youngest son of him, Ernst JM Amalo, was foremost last ruling raja until 1966. His daughter Princess Regina Amalo married Raja Joel Kedoh of the Rote federasi, his daughter Princess Adeleida Amalo married the raja of Kupang/Timor. Collection: raja dynasty of Kupang.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Regent-Manek Christoffel Jeremias Michiel Amalo of kerajaan Termanu (ruled 1914-1941). After healthproblems and later death of his brother Manek Johannnes JM Amalo (1892-1914) he became the regent for the oldest son of his brother: Prince Jacob Amalo. Later on they followed the tradition to install the youngest son of the previous raja: Ernst Amalo. Since 1911 the raja of Termanu was ruler of the Lomakoli federation, that was enlarged in 1916 (-28) to the Rote Telada federation. The federation stayed on for a while in the Rote federation, but in fact the rule of the 19 nusaks/principlaities was reintroduced, within the Rote federation. It was thought to make the Termanu ruler (and other persons) the candidate-rajas of the total federation and the oldest son of Manek Johannis; Prince Jacob, was the strongest candidate, but none of the 19 rajas wished another of the 19 rajas above him.So then another solution was made. He was succeeded as regent by his son Manek Godlief Chr. J.M. Amalo, who was succeeded in 1943 by his brother Manek Albert Chr. J.M. Amalo, who ruled until 1946, when Manek Ernst JJM Amalo came on the throne finally.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek Jeremias Arnoldus Messakh of kerajaan Thie (ruled 1956-1962), stepped down ferom the throne to become ruler of the sub-district of W-Rote. Succeeded by his brother Manek Thobias Arnoldus Messakh (1962-1970). More details about these 2 rajas can be given by the grandson of Manek Jeremias, YM Matheos Viktor Messakh. Collection: manek dynasty of Thie.
Dari Donald tick, FB: Manek David Jacobus Messakh of kerajaan Thie. Ruoled 1918-1922. In the end his rule was seen by Holland as a rebellious rule, so he was deposed and exiled. After a temporary-rule by the fettor/vice-raja Foe Moy until 1927 his younger brother Tobia Arnoldus Messakh became raja until his death in 1931 and then succeeded by his brother Jeremias Wilhelmus Messakh until deposed 1948 and ruled again 1951-1953. (Some say he ruled until 1945 and then again from 1946-48). Manek David is considered locally as a hero. Collection: raja dynasty of Thie.
Dari donald tick, FB: Prince Benjamin Messakh; chief manek dynasty of kerajaan Thie. Son of a manek of Thie and was the pembantu bupati (sort of sub-bupati) of Rote-Ndao before it became a seperate kabupaten. More details about his father and when he himself was chief dynasty can best be told by his son YM Matheos Viktor Messakh. Prince Benjamin wrote a book about the history of the 19 kingdoms of Rote-Ndao.
The last ruling raja-fettor of kerajaan Talae on Rote. Matheos Viktor Messakh. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Lasarus Johannis of kerajaan Landu,ruled 1908-1916. Sumber donald tick, FB
Fettor Hermanus Haning Umadek (father of present bupati of Rpte Ndao), who ruled 1949-1951 (or 1946-1953) as temporary-raja of kerajaan Thie. Sumber donald tick, FB
Eliasar Malelak dari Keka. He is the official chief of the Manek dynasty of kerajaan Keka. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Ir. Christian Didel Josef Daoed of kerajaan Ringgou. Picture 2003. Succeeded in 2002 his deceased father RM Hendrik Daoed as chief of the manek dynasty. Sumber donald tick, FB.
Manek Frederik Sjioen of kerajaan Oepao (ruled 1896-1926). Succeeded Manek Josef Sjioen (1868-96). Sumber donald tick, FB.
Manek Christiaan DJ Daud of kerajaan Ringgou. Collection-dynasty. Sumber donald tick, FB
Fettor-raja Karel Koanak FoE of kerajaan Keka in 1910. Sumber donald tick, FB
Christoffel Hanok Lenggu of kerajaan OEnale (foto 2008). Foto dari Private Collection of D. Tick (FB)- foto dibuat oleh W. Woodruff.
Manek Simon Mesak Giri (Radja Eso) dari kerajaan Oenale; memerintah 1927-1939. Photo 1954. Sumber Collection Mr H Blonk-Winterswijk-Holland.- Sumber donald tick, Facebook
Manek Hendrik Hanok Lenggu dari kerajaan Oenale, 2nd raja of the Lenggu branch of the dynasty. Ruled 1939- died 1961. His brother Christoffel Hanok Lenggu ruled until 1966, then until 1984 as area ruler. Sumber donald tick, FB
Yusuf Besi of kerajaan Lolain with wife. Sumber donald tick, FB.
Ratu Antonetta Malelak;last queen of kerajaan Kekae, with the statesword of her ruling husband in 2000. Sumber donald tick, FB
Raja Rote dari kerajaan Baa, Joel Simon Kedoh (1928-1948) dan permaisuri Regina Amalo di depan istana modern mereka yang bergaya art-nouveau di Baa, Rote sekitar tahun 1930.
Raja of kerajaan Landu in ca 1928. Sumber donald tick, FB
Raja Muda Johannes Arnold Bessie . Eligible prince to be the manek (raja) of kerajaan Lelain. Sumber donald tick, FB
Raja Joel Simon Kedoh of the Rote-Ndao- federation (1928-48). Originally fettor family of Landu, later of Ringgou. Sumber donald tick, FB
Raja dari kerajaan Diu, 1910. Sumber donald tick, FB
Princesses of the Manubulu dynasty in kerajaan Korbafo in their royal clothes. Collection W Woodruff –USA. Sumber donald tick, FB
Prince Godlief Eliazar Tungga dari kerajaan Dengka (2008). Sumber donald tick, FB.
Mathias Manubulu, putera putera mahkota terakhir kerajaan Korbafu sama isteri Wlly.
Manek-Raja Paulus Semuel Zacharias, with his family and followers in front of his house in ca 1920. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Samuel Christoffel Manafe; 1937-19… Manek of kerajaan Diu with his queen Ratu Corneia Biredoko. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Matheos Yusuf Willem Johannis of kerajaan Landu; ruled 1916-died 14-6-1960; born 1887. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Matheos Johannis of kerajaan Landu in ca 1913, then being ca 30. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Makke Teti of kerajaan Ndao. Born 1760 and for sure already ruled in 1820. Putra se Manek Loli Teti. Donald Tick, FB
Manek Cornelis Izak Manubulu of kerajaan Korbafo (1921- 1926) at the end of his rajarule. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek (Raja) Matheos Jusuf Willem Johannes di masa tua bersama keluarganya. Sumber donald tick, FB
Kiri the raja-manek of kerajaan Bokai. One of the last ruling Indonesia rajas,who is still alive. Sumber donald tick, FB
Kerajaan Landu. Left Manek Matheos Johannis and right older brother Lasarus Johannis before he died in 1916. Sumber donald tick, FB
Kerajaan Bilba. Raja Bilba dan permaisuri (masa Hindia Belanda). Coll. Tropenmuseum, Netherlands
Kerajaan Baa. Manek Paulus DaE dari Baa (foto 2008). Sumber donald tick, FB
Hendrik Willem Johannis, chief raja dynasty of kerajaan Landu with his ratu and daughter. Sumber donald tick, FB
Fettor Karel Koeanak FoE, temporary-raja of kerajaan Keka, in 1918 in his residence in Nggelak. Sumber donald tick, FB
Ratu Naomi Johannis Kedoh; 2nd ratu (remarried after death previous ratu) of the last ruling manek of kerajaan Landu, Manek Marthen Johannis . Collection- dynasty. Sumber Donald Tick, FB.
Raja kerajaan Korbafo (di tengah). Sumber foto Coll. Tropenmuseum Netherlands
Raja Joel Simon Kedoh, raja untuk seluruh Rote (1928-1948) di depan istana di kerajaan Baa. [sumber koleksi Middelkop. Sumber KITLV, Netherlands
Present chief of the raja clan of kerajaan Korbafo-Christiaan Manubulu, grandson of the in 1989 died last ruling manek of Korbafo, Manek Paulus Manubulu. Sumber chris manubulu, FB.
Medio februari 2015 died Raja Drs. Frans Lenggu of kerajaan Bilba. Sumber elfra wilhelmina sophya lenggu, FB
Manek Marthen M Johannis of kerajaan Landu, 1960-2008. With his oldest son and succesor Manek Willem Johannis. 2008-2010. Picture 2000. Sumber donald tick, FB
Manek Herman Dupe of kerajaan Bokai with his ratu Ratu Sarah Dupe Dethan. Picture ca 1905. Collection Mr W Woodruff -USA. Sumber Donald tick, FB
Manek Abraham Therik dari kerajaan Bilba (1926-1936) bersama ratunya. Diminta mundur dari tahta oleh belanda. Collection Princess Dina Deuning Johannis -Utrecht-Holland
Left Manek Yusuf Willem Johannis alias Dale Bane of kerajaan Landu, ruled 1883-died 1905, photo 1898. Right probably his oldest son Manek Lasarus Yusuf Willem Johannis; ruled 1908-died 1916. Sumber Donald tick, FB
Left Manek Thobias Malelak of kerajaan Keka with his family and right the fettor. Foto 1954. Collection Dr H Blonk, Winterswijk. Sumber Donald tick, FB
Kerajaan Bilba Manek Marten Lenggu of kerajaan Bilba, ruled 1948-1968. Sumber donald tick, FB