Kingdom of Baa / Isl. of Rote – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Baa, capital Menggelama. Island of Rote. District of Rote Ndao.

Location of Rote

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Location of Baa on the island of Rote


* Foto kings today on Rote: link
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Foto kings from the past on Rote: link
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Foto palaces kings on Rote: link
* Foto tribes on Rote: link


About the king today (2020)

Raja Muda Chris Dae Panie and wife. He is one of the leaders of the Baa dynasty and grandson of the last ruling manek of this dynasty-Manek Ishak Dae Panie.


History of the kingdom

Baa is one of the 19 principalities of Rote islands and also the capital of the Rote/Ndao district.`This Raja, or manek is one of the few dynastychiefs, who is installed officially as Raja of his area. Most of the others are just chief of the clan of the raja dynasty.
Like in some other Rote principalities the dynasty has several branches.
For at time the raja was the royal face of Rote,`because no other rajas were installed.
In Baa was also the son of the first and last raja of Rote,`who ruled for some decades before World War II. He lives in a palace. This Prince Wilson Kedoh’s father was asked to become the union raja of total Rote. Because no raja wanted to give in, when giving that dignity to a raja, the dignity was given to a Fettor dynasty member of Landu.

King of Rote, Joel Simon Kedoh (1928-1948) and Empress Regina Amalo in front of their modern art-nouveau palace in Baa, Rote circa 1930.


The Palace


19 Kingdoms on Rote

Rote Island is an island of Indonesia, part of the East Nusa Tenggara province of the Lesser Sunda Islands. According to legend, this island got its name accidentally when a lost Portuguese sailor arrived and asked a farmer where he was. The surprised farmer, who could not speak Portuguese, introduced himself, “Rote”.
The Rote tribe is one of the original inhabitants of Rote Island, some of whom are also settled on Timor Island. In addition, the Rote tribe also inhabit the islands around the island of Rote, namely Ndao Island, Nuse Island, Pamana Island, Doo Island, Heliana Island, Landu Island, Manuk Island, and other small islands. There are experts who argue, that the Rote people had previously migrated from Seram Island in Maluku.

1. Baa: founded 1691.
2. Bilba.
3. Bokai: founded 1756.
4. Dehla: Split off from Oenale and was founded 1800-an.
5. Dengka: The biggest kingdom on Rote.
6. Diu: at first under the power of Korbafo, founded 1691.
7. Keka: Keka split off from Termanu in 1772.
8. Korbafo
9. Landu: the oldest kingdom on the island Rote.
10. Lelain: After split off from Bokai, it was founded in 1690.
11. Lelenuk: split off from Termanu and founded 1772.
12. Loleh: berada di pulau Rote, barat-daya Timor. Ruled by Termanu tahun 1730.
13. Ndao
14. OEnale
15. OEpao: Founded in 1691.
16. Ringgouw: berada di Kepulauan Rote, barat daya Pulau Timor, didirikan pada 1691.
17. TalaE
18. Termanu
19. Thie: From 1730 until 1756, the Manek (kings) of Thie together with the Maneks of OEpao, Loleh, Baa and Lelain went to Jawa to learn about Christianity-religion.

– Sumber / Source: http://leksilion-rote.blogspot.co.id/2011/09/nusak-di-pulau-rote-leksi-ingguoe.html

Kingdoms on Rote


History of the kingdoms on the island of Rote

Google translation !

Before 1500

The landings of the early inhabitants were in waves and fragments, until the formation of social systems such as Leo and Nusak, occurred contestation over fertile areas and pastures, for example the legend of Sabalo and Sabadai from Nusak Bokai.

16th century

– 1522: The remainder of the Magelhan crew stopped by at Rote Island, Rote Island was first written with the name Rote.

17th century

– 1621: First Dominican mission on Rote Island and Sabu Island

– 1653: Nusak Landu, Nusak Oepao, Nusak Ringgou and Nusak Bilba swear allegiance to Ter Horst, a company official in Kupang

– 1654: Ter Horst’s expedition to Rote Island to strengthen the Dutch allies (Nusak Landu, Nusak Oepao, Nusak Ringgou and Nusak Bilba)

– 1656: Dutch begin to record the whereabouts of Nusak. Arnol de Flaming said that the events in Rote were divided between those who supported the Portuguese and those who supported the Dutch. Dengka, Baa, Loleh and Bau Dale sided with the Portuguese

– 1656-1658: Dengka, Loleh, Baa and Bau Dale were forcibly occupied by the Dutch

– 1658: Dengka, Loleh, Baa and Bau Dale attacked neighboring Nusak pay a fine to the company

– 1660: Dengka Loleh, Baa, and Bau Dale were again attacked by the Dutch

– 1661: Loleh is attacked by the Dutch, 500 of Lole’s people die

– 1662: The agreement of Paravicini, Nusak Dengka, Termanu, Korbaffo, and Nusak Bilba is recognized by the Dutch

– 1676: Dutch attack Nusak Dengka and Loleh

– 1679: The Dutch first send the Rote people to learn Malay

– 1690-1691: Uprising of certain areas to ask for their own government [Journal of NTT Studies] Vol 1 No 1: 72.

18th century

– 1755: The first school on Rote Island

– 1756: Confession of the existence of Nusak Diu and Bokai. It was also the first time a school with the Rote system was created.

– 1760: Nusak Landu, Ringgou, Oesapo, Baa, Lelain (Ossipokah), Thie, Loleh and Oenale recognized by the Dutch

– 1772: Lelenuk separates from Bokai & Talae separates from Keka

19th century

– 1818-1819: The people of Hoi Ledo were banished to Babau (Kupang) because they wanted to separate from Termanu

– 1874: Manek Thie, FoE Mbura, is killed in the Nusak Termanu area. Due to Nusak Termanu’s competition to gain influence over the Netherlands. King Termanu was then dismissed from his position and then replaced by his younger brother.

– 1879: Rote Island becomes a Onder-Afdeling.


Source (English)

History Rote on Wiki: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah timbulnya kerajaan di Rote:  http://sajjacob.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-timbulnya-kerajaan-di-pulau.html
– 19 kerajaan di Rote:  http://leksilion-rote.blogspot.co.id/2011/09/nusak-di-pulau-rote-leksi-ingguoe.html
– Nama nusak (kerajaan) di Rote: http://malole80.blogspot.co.id/2015/10/nama-nama-nusak-kerajaan-di-rote.html
Sejarah kepulauan Rote di Wiki: link
Asal usul Rote: http://yeridami.blogspot.co.id/p/asal-usul-rote.html
– Tentang suku Rote: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2014/11/sejarah-suku-rote-nusa-tenggara-timur.html


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