The kingdom of Amanatun. Located in the district of South Central Timor.
This kingdom exists since the 16th century.
About the king
Present king (2014): Raja Lodoweijk Lourens Don Louis Banunaek
History of the kingdom
Amanatun was an Atoni princedom situated in what is today Indonesian West Timor, which existed up to 1962. It was also known as the princedom of Onam. The area once included one of the best ports where the commercially important sandalwood was loaded on Dutch and Portuguese ships.
According to local legend, the ancestor of the royal line, Banu Naek, emerged from the sea together with his brothers Liurai and Sonbai. Liurai settled in South Belu and Sonbai in West Timor, and they were the ancestors of princely lineages in these regions. Banu Naek remained in Nokas and Nitibani near the south coast and was acknowledged as ruler by the locals.
Since his belongings, and his own body, were golden (natun), his princedom was given the name Amanatun. The sonaf (residence) of the prince was situated in Nunkolo in the interior, which was inaccessible to enemies. At his side there was a lineage of Uis Pah (lords of the land) with various practical tasks, such as surveying land, defining borders, and deciding shares of the harvest. The Uis Pah stayed at Menu on the south coast, close to the port Boking where trading activities took place. On lower levels of the traditional ruling system, there were fettors (district chiefs) and greater and smaller temukungs (settlement chiefs).
After a major Topass defeat against the VOC forces of Kupang in 1749, large parts of West Timor submitted to Dutch suzerainty, including Amanatun. However, it was too distant from Kupang to be effectively monitored. It was only in the early 20th century that a real colonial rule was implemented. A Dutch column marched into Amanatun in 1906 as a part of a larger campaign of pacification of West Timor. A number of skirmishes with local chiefs took place in the years up to 1910. Some eastern parts of the princedom, Anas-Nenometan, which had previously been absorbed by the Wehali kingdom, were returned to Amanatun in 1910. By this time the princedom covered 917 square kilometers and had 15,300 inhabitants. The raja Muti Banu Naek was deposed in 1915 for his opposition against Dutch designs. His three successors governed as zelfbestuurders (rajas under colonial surveillance) until the definite departure of the Dutch in 1949. The last raja Lodeweyk Lourens Don Louis Banu Naek was in charge of Amanatun in the first years of Indonesian independence to 1962, when it was changed into a kecamatan (administrative district). It is now a part of the kabupaten (regency) Timor Tengah Selatan.
Kingdoms on Timor, 1900
List of kings
1. Raja Tnai Pah Banunaek
2. Raja Tsu Pah Banunaek
3. Raja Nopu Banunaek
4. Raja Bnao Banunaek I
5. Raja Nifu Banunaek
6. Raja Kili Banunaek
7. Raja Bnao Banunaek II
8. Raja Nono Luan Banunaek
9. Raja Bnao Banunaek III
10. Raja Bnao Banunaek IV
11. Raja Bab’i Banunaek
12. c. 1766: Raja Bnao Banunaek V (Raja Bnao Nunkolo)
13. c. 1832: Raja Kusat Muti Muti Banunaek I)
14. c. 1899: Raja Loit Banunaek
15. 1900-1915: Raja Muti Banunaek II, died in Ende-Flores, September/Oktober 1918.
16. 1916-1919: Raja Kusa Banunaek, died 16 Juli 1919.
17. 1920-1946: Raja Abraham Zacharias Banunaek / Raja Kolo Banunaek, died 1969. His grave is in Nunkolo.
18. 1946-1965: Raja Lodoweyk Lourens Don Louis Banunaek /Raja Laka Banunaek, born: Nunkolo, 18 Agustus 1925. Died 26 April 1990 in Sonaf Amanuban in Niki-niki. His grave is in Oinlasi.Burried 2 Mei 1990.
After the Amanutan became part of NKRI, the descendants of the king of Amanutan were still regarded as leaders.
Ganealogi Amanuban and Amanatun
The palace of the kingdom
Old maps of Timor
For old maps of Timor 1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733, 1700-an, 1762, 1900: klik here
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Amanutun di Wiki: link
– Sejarah kerajaan Amanatun di Melayuonline: link
– Sejarah kerajaan Amanatun: http://www.wacana.co/2014/02/kerajaan-amanatun/
– Sejarah kerajaan Amanatun: http://www.bimbie.com/sejarah-kerajaan-amanatun.htm
– Sejarah kerajaan Amanatun: http://wa-iki.blogspot.co.id/2011/03/kerajaan-amanatun.html
– Daftar raja Amanatun: Wiki