Kingdom of Pekaitan / Sumatera – Prov. Riau

The Kingdom of Pekaitan was located on Sumatera, District Rokan Hilir, province of Riau, Sumatera. Since the mid-15th century, after the disappearance of the first Rokan kingdom in Kotalama, there was a Rokan kingdom called the Pekaitan kingdom which took its name based on the name of the country, namely Pekaitan country.

District Rokan Hilir


Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link


Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sumatera: link


Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Video history kingdoms on Sumatera, 75.000 BC – today: link
* Video history kingdoms on North Sumatera, 0 AD – today: link
*
Video history kingdoms on West Sumatera, 0 AD – today, link


KINGDOM OF PEKAITAN

History of the kingdom of Pekaitan, 15th century

Since the middle of the 15th century, after the weakening of the Kingdom of Rokan in Rokan Kotalama, there appeared the kingdom of Pekaitan, also a Rokan kingdom, which took the name of the region named Pekaitan. The king was titled  Yang Bertuan Besar Sungai Daun, whose real name was Raja Kunto. The kingdom of Pekaitan was located across Bagansiapiapi (to the west of Sungai Besar), ± 5 kilometers from Muara Sungai Rokan.

Region of Rokan


History of the kingdoms in Rokan area

Google translation

Rokan is the name of a river that divides the island of Sumatra in the middle, empties to the North of the Island (the Strait of Malacca). This area is the area of ​​the kingdom of Rokan Tua, known to exist in the 13th century, when it was recorded in the “Kertagama Country” by Prapanca, written in 1364 AD.
Until now the name Rokan also still exists as can be seen in the development of Rokan Tua’s kingdom until now. According to Muchtar Lutfi, Wan Saleh in the history of Riau, who became the King of Rokan in the 14-15th century were descendents from Sultan Sidi, brother of Sultan Sujak, described in the book Sulalatus Salatin, which states that the king of Rokan is the son of Sultan Sidi brother of Sultan Sujak.
The Rokan Kingdom is based in Koto Intan, a place near Kotolamo and moved to Pekaitan and eventually moved to Rantau Kasai (in Siarang-arang). After that there is no mention of the name Rokan Kingdom again.
Rokan region was divided in Rokan Hilir and Rokan Kanan.

(Nb: kerajaan = kingdom)

Rokan Hilir was split up into 3 kingdoms:
* Kerajaan Kubu, in Teluk Merbau,
* Kerajaan Bangko in Bantaian,
* Kerajaan Tanah Putih, in Tanah Putih.

Rokan Hulu was split up into 5 kingdoms:
* Kerajaan Tambusai in Dalu-dalu,
* Kerajaan Rambah in Pasirpengarayan,
* Kerajaan Kepenuhan in Kototongah,
* Kerajaan Rokan IV Koto, in Rokan,
* Kerajaan Kuntodarussalam in Kotolamo.

During the colonial period Rokan Hulu was changed into 2: Rokan Kanan and Rokan Kiri.
In Rokan Kanan there were 3 kingdoms:
* Kerajaan Tambusai,
* Kerajaan Rambah,
* Kerajaan Kepenuhan.

In Rokan Kiri there were 2 kingdoms:
* Kerajaan Rokan IV Koto,
* Kerajaan Kuntodarussalam.

Kingdoms in Riau, 19th century (incl. Bangko)


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Pekaitan:  http://www.riaudailyphoto.com/2010/03/kerajaan-pekaitan.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Pekaitan: http://wartasejarah.blogspot.co.id/2015/12/kerajaan-kerajaan-kecil-di-kabupaten.html
——————–
– Sejarah Kab. Rokan Hulu: http://www.riaudailyphoto.com/2013/03/profil-kabupaten-rokan-hulu.html
– Kab. Rokan Hulu di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Rokan_Hulu
– Asal mulanya Kab. Rokan Hulu: http://herwandisahputra.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/kabupaten-rokan-hulu-adalah-kabupaten.html
——————-

– Sejarah Kab. Rokan Hilir: http://www.riaudailyphoto.com/2013/03/profil-kabupaten-rokan-hilir.html
– Kab. Rokan Hilir di Wiki:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Rokan_Hilir
– Sejarah Rokan Hilir: http://www.putramelayu.web.id/2014/05/sekelumit-sejarah-rokan-hilir.html


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