The kingdom of Landu, capital Daeurendale. Island of Rote. District of Rote Ndao. Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.
Location of Landu on Rote
Location of the island of Rote
* Foto kingdom of Landu: link
About the king today (2017)
Heir of the kingdom (2017): Hendrik Willem Johannis, chief raja dynasty of Landu with his queen and daughter.
The manek, or Raja of Landu Marthen Matheos Johannis, was the last ruling monarch of Indonesia until he died 18-3-2008. He ruled 1960-1966. Actually his brother was the crown prince, but he was all ready a judge in the big city of Kupang on the nearby island of Timor, so he gave his rights to the dignity to his younger brother. Landu is considered as the oldest most respected culturally principality of Rote-islands. It is situated on a peninsula, which connection via land is flooded part of the year (ca. half of the year), that is why the landu people are not very much mixed with other peoples. European people thought, that the Landu people were actually a mix of Portugese and Melayu people. Sometimes they look very much like Arabs.
The present dynasty chief is his oldest son and he was before the mayor of the royal town in Landu area; nowadays called Sotimori.
History of the kingdom of Landu
There is no information about the history of this kingdom.
Interior of the house of Manek Matheos Yoesoef Johannis (left) of Landu, 1925. [sumber:KITLV]
19 Kingdoms on Rote
Rote Island is an island of Indonesia, part of the East Nusa Tenggara province of the Lesser Sunda Islands. According to legend, this island got its name accidentally when a lost Portuguese sailor arrived and asked a farmer where he was. The surprised farmer, who could not speak Portuguese, introduced himself, “Rote”.
The Rote tribe is one of the original inhabitants of Rote Island, some of whom are also settled on Timor Island. In addition, the Rote tribe also inhabit the islands around the island of Rote, namely Ndao Island, Nuse Island, Pamana Island, Doo Island, Heliana Island, Landu Island, Manuk Island, and other small islands. There are experts who argue, that the Rote people had previously migrated from Seram Island in Maluku.
1. Baa: founded 1691.
3. Bokai: founded 1756.
4. Dehla: Split off from Oenale and was founded 1800-an.
5. Dengka: The biggest kingdom on Rote.
6. Diu: at first under the power of Korbafo, founded 1691.
7. Keka: Keka split off from Termanu in 1772.
9. Landu: the oldest kingdom on the island Rote.
10. Lelain: After split off from Bokai, it was founded in 1690.
11. Lelenuk: split off from Termanu and founded 1772.
12. Loleh: berada di pulau Rote, barat-daya Timor. Ruled by Termanu tahun 1730.
15. OEpao: Founded in 1691.
16. Ringgouw: berada di Kepulauan Rote, barat daya Pulau Timor, didirikan pada 1691.
19. Thie: From 1730 until 1756, the Manek (kings) of Thie together with the Maneks of OEpao, Loleh, Baa and Lelain went to Jawa to learn about Christianity-religion.
Kingdoms on Rote
History of the kingdoms on the island of Rote
Google translation !
The landings of the early inhabitants were in waves and fragments, until the formation of social systems such as Leo and Nusak, occurred contestation over fertile areas and pastures, for example the legend of Sabalo and Sabadai from Nusak Bokai.
– 1522: The remainder of the Magelhan crew stopped by at Rote Island, Rote Island was first written with the name Rote.
– 1621: First Dominican mission on Rote Island and Sabu Island
– 1653: Nusak Landu, Nusak Oepao, Nusak Ringgou and Nusak Bilba swear allegiance to Ter Horst, a company official in Kupang
– 1654: Ter Horst’s expedition to Rote Island to strengthen the Dutch allies (Nusak Landu, Nusak Oepao, Nusak Ringgou and Nusak Bilba)
– 1656: Dutch begin to record the whereabouts of Nusak. Arnol de Flaming said that the events in Rote were divided between those who supported the Portuguese and those who supported the Dutch. Dengka, Baa, Loleh and Bau Dale sided with the Portuguese
– 1656-1658: Dengka, Loleh, Baa and Bau Dale were forcibly occupied by the Dutch
– 1658: Dengka, Loleh, Baa and Bau Dale attacked neighboring Nusak pay a fine to the company
– 1660: Dengka Loleh, Baa, and Bau Dale were again attacked by the Dutch
– 1661: Loleh is attacked by the Dutch, 500 of Lole’s people die
– 1662: The agreement of Paravicini, Nusak Dengka, Termanu, Korbaffo, and Nusak Bilba is recognized by the Dutch
– 1676: Dutch attack Nusak Dengka and Loleh
– 1679: The Dutch first send the Rote people to learn Malay
– 1690-1691: Uprising of certain areas to ask for their own government [Journal of NTT Studies] Vol 1 No 1: 72.
– 1755: The first school on Rote Island
– 1756: Confession of the existence of Nusak Diu and Bokai. It was also the first time a school with the Rote system was created.
– 1760: Nusak Landu, Ringgou, Oesapo, Baa, Lelain (Ossipokah), Thie, Loleh and Oenale recognized by the Dutch
– 1772: Lelenuk separates from Bokai & Talae separates from Keka
– 1818-1819: The people of Hoi Ledo were banished to Babau (Kupang) because they wanted to separate from Termanu
– 1874: Manek Thie, FoE Mbura, is killed in the Nusak Termanu area. Due to Nusak Termanu’s competition to gain influence over the Netherlands. King Termanu was then dismissed from his position and then replaced by his younger brother.
– 1879: Rote Island becomes a Onder-Afdeling.
King of Landu in ca 1928. – Sumber foto: donald tick, FB
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah timbulnya kerajaan di Rote: http://sajjacob.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-timbulnya-kerajaan-di-pulau.html
– 19 kerajaan di Rote: http://leksilion-rote.blogspot.co.id/2011/09/nusak-di-pulau-rote-leksi-ingguoe.html
– Nama nusak (kerajaan) di Rote: http://malole80.blogspot.co.id/2015/10/nama-nama-nusak-kerajaan-di-rote.html
– Sejarah kepulauan Rote di Wiki: link
– Asal usul Rote: http://yeridami.blogspot.co.id/p/asal-usul-rote.html
– Tentang suku Rote: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2014/11/sejarah-suku-rote-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Bagaimana orang Rote mengakali belanda dalam pemerintahan: http://satutimor.com/bagaimana-orang-rote-mengakali-belanda-dalam-pemerintahan.php