Kingdom of Pandai / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Pandai was located on the island of Pantar, prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location island of Pantar


Location island of Pantar

* Video history kingdoms on Pantar and Nusa Tenggara Timur, 40.000 BC-today: link


History of the kingdom of Pandai

Google translation

According to the stories that circulated in the Alor community, the oldest kingdom in Alor Regency was the Abui kingdom in the interior of the Alor mountains and the Munaseli kingdom at the eastern end of Pantar island. Once, these two kingdoms were involved in a Magic War. They used supernatural powers to destroy each other. Munaseli sends bees to Abui but Abui sends a hurricane and fire to Munaseli. This war was finally won by Munaseli.

It is said that king Abui who led the war is currently still stored in a cave in Mataru. The next kingdom that was founded was the kingdom of Pandai, located near the kingdom of Munaseli and the Kingdom of Bungabali centered on Alor Besar. The neighboring Munaseli and Pandai were finally involved in a war that led Munaseli to seek help from the king of Majapahit kingdom, having previously lost the war against Abui.

Kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: kerajaan = kingdom

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the island of Alor

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese is a Malayo-Polynesian language.

In a grave on Alor, five fishhooks were found under the chin and jaw of a woman, dating back to 12,000 years.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans in the region in the 16th century. Alor was then considered the home of cannibals, who did not want to be converted to Catholic Christianity. Only later did Calvinists succeed in converting part of the population. Previously, Islam could establish itself in parts of the island. In Greater Alor (Alor Besar), a 12th-century Koran is kept, which was brought here in 1500 from the Moluccan island of Ternate by five missionaries.
In 1851, Portuguese Governor José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, without authorization from Lisabon, sold Portugal’s claims of the Alor Archipelago and other areas on the Lesser Sunda Islands, nominally under Portuguese sovereignty, to the Netherlands for 200,000 florins.
Lopes de Lima fell out of favor and was deposed and arrested when Lisabon learned of the treaty. On the return journey to Portugal he died in Batavia. From 1854 the agreements were renegotiated. The Lisbon Treaty finally confirmed the sale. The ratification took place in 1859. However, the old connections between Alor and the Portuguese Timor still existed for a long time. In 1886, the locals paid Alors an annual tribute to the Liurai of Liquiçá, in the form of rice, corn, cotton and more.

Source (only in indon. language)

Tentang Suku Abui:

– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor dulu dan sekarang:
– Tentang Suku Alor:
– Sejarah pulau Alor:
– Masuknya Islam di Alor:

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