Sultanate of Banten / Jawa – Prov. Banten

The Sultanate of Banten: 1527–1813. Located on Java, in the province of Banten.
The Banten Sultanate was an Islamic trading kingdom founded in the 16th century and centred in Banten, a port city on the northwest coast of Java; the contemporary English name of both was Bantam.
In 1813 the Banten Sultanate ceased to exist when Thomas Stamford Raffles forced Sultan Muhamad Syafiuddin to give up his throne. This was the final blow that marked the end of Sultanate of Banten.

Province of Banten


Line of kingdoms on Jawa: link


* Foto sultanate of Banten: link
*
Foto keraton Kaibon: link
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Foto keraton Surosowan: link


Foto kingdoms on Jawa

* Foto sultans and raja’s, still on Jawa link
* Foto keratons (palaces) still on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack on Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link


Video history kingdoms on Jawa

– Map history kingdoms on Jawa: link
– List of rulers of the sultanate of Mataram, 1556 – 2020: link
– Map history of the history of the sultanate of Mataram, 1576-2020: link
– Map history of the kingdom of Medang Mataram Hindu, 752 – 1045: link
– Map history of the kingdom of Majapahit, 1293 – 1527: link
– List of rulers of the kingdom of Majapahit until the sultanate of Mataram, 1293 – 1587: link
– Map history of kingdoms on East Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link
– Map history of kingdoms on West Jawa, 3000 BC – 2020: link
– Map history of kingdoms on Central Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link


About the King (2020)

Last Sultan: Muhammad bin Muhammad Muhyiddin Zainussalihin, 1809-1813.

31 march 2020
Heir of the sultanate of Banten, YM. H. Tubagus Ahmad Abbas Wasse bin Syeikh KH Tubagus Kuncung, died.

8 October 2016
The Founding Council of the Banten Sultanate Customary Institution chose Tubagus Haji Ahmad Abas Wasse. SH as the chairman who automatically became Sultan of Banten.

Sultan Muda of sultanate Banten


History of the sultanate of Banten, 1527 – 1813

Archeology has revealed the existence of a kingdom of Sunda, founded in 932 and located in the northern part of the province. Its capital was Banten Girang (“Banten upstream”), today an archaeological site located in the southern suburbs of Serang, the capital of the province. This kingdom became vassal of Sriwijaya (today Palembang, in the south of Sumatra in 1030.

Around 1400, Sunda was conquered by the Hindu kingdom of Pajajaran, which became one of the maritime outlets. Its protected port overlooked the Strait of Sunda, through which passes for centuries a significant traffic with the Indian Ocean. Also located at the mouth of the Cibantam River, the port also provided a waterway for light craft to the interior of Java.

According to tradition, the kingdom of Banten was founded by Sunan Gunung Jati, one of the nine “saints” or Wali Sanga who, according to legend, spread the Muslim faith in Java. Gunung Jati was born in Pasai, a former sultanate in northern Sumatra, that Marco Polo visited in 1292, noting that the ruler of this port was Muslim. When the Portuguese settled in Malacca that they conquered in 1511, occupied Pasai from 1521 to 1524, Gunung Jati goes to Mecca .

Upon his return, he went to Demak, a principality of the north coast of Java (called Pasisir ) founded at the end of the 15th century by a Chinese Muslim named Cek Ko-po. Gunung Jati marries a sister of Trenggana, the ruler of Demak.

In 1526, at the head of an army, Gunung Jati attacked and conquered Banten, who had freed itself from Pajajaran. Maulana Yusuf, the 3e sovereign Banten submitted Pajajaran in 1579, ending the last Sundanese kingdom.

In 1638, King Pangeran Ratu took the title of Sultan.

In the 17th century, Banten was a prosperous state, through the cultivation of pepper, one of those spices so popular that earned the arrival of Europeans in the archipelago of Indonesia. The English established a permanent trading post there in 1603. Two Banten ambassadors were received at the court of England in 1682. In addition to part of West Java, the sultanate controlled what constitutes the present province of Lampung in South Sumatra.

For almost 3 centuries the Sultanate of Banten was able to survive and even achieved extraordinary glory; at the same time invaders from Europe had arrived and exerted their influence. Civil war, and competition with global powers for resources and trade, as well as dependence on weapons have weakened the hegemony of the Sultanate of Banten over its territory. The political power of the Sultanate of Banten finally collapsed in 1813 after the Surosowan Palace as a symbol of power in Kota Intan was destroyed, and in the final days of his reign, the Sultans of Banten were nothing more than vassal kings of the colonial government in the Dutch East Indies.

– Source: Wiki

Jawa 1700. Sultanate of Banten during the reign of Maulana Hasanuddin

Sultanate of Banten around 1700


List of kings

* 1552-1570: Maulana Hasanuddin  or Pangeran Sabakingkin
* 1570-1858: Maulana Yusuf or Pangeran Pasareyan, (engl.: link)
* 1585-1596: Maulana Muhgammad or Pangeran Sedangrana
*  1596-1647: Sultan Abu-al-Mafakhir Mahmud Abdulkadir or Pangeran Ratu
* 1647-1651: Sultan Abu-al-Ma’ali Ahmad

* 1651-1682: Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa or Sultan Abu al-Fath Abdul Fattah, (engl.: link)
* 1683-1687: Sultan Haji or Sultan Abu Nashar Abdul Qahar
* 1687-1690: Sultan Abu Fadhl Muhammad Yahya
* 1690-1733: Sultan Abul Mahasin Muhammad Zainul Abidin
* 1733-1747: Sultan Abul Fathi Muhammad Syifa Zainul Arifin

* 1747-1750: Ratu Syarifah Fatimah
* 1753-1773: Sultan Arif Zainul Asyigin al-Qadiri
* 1773-1799: Sultan Abul Mafakhir Muhammad Aliuddin
* 1799-1803: Sultan Abul Fath Muhammad Muhyiddin Zainussalihin
* 1803-1808: SultanAbul Nashar Muhammad Ashaq Zainulmutaqin
* 1809-1813: Sultan Muhammad bin Muhammad Muhyiddin Zainussalihin
He was exiled to Surabaya untill he died in 1899; he was buried in Pemakaman Boto Putih Surabaya.

– Sumber / Source: Wiki


There are 2 Palaces, “Keraton”

1) Keraton Kaibon

Kaibon was the main building in the Sultanate of Banten (1526-1684), apart from the palace complex Surosowan as the center of government.
Kaibon Palace was the palace  of Ratu Aisha, the mother of Sultan Syaifuddin.
In 1832, the Dutch destroyed it during a battle against the Kingdom of Banten.

Foto keraton Kaibon: link

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2) Keraton Surosowan

Long time ago, this palace was the most important place for Banten people. Here lived the sultans of Banten, since Sultan Maulana Hasanudin (1552) to Sultan Haji who was on throne in 1672-1687.
It was the second sultan, Sultan Maulana Hasanudin, who ordered the building of this palace in 1526.
The first destruction was in the time of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa (1680). The palace was burnt down when the sultanate fought against the Dutch. The palace was rebuilt in 1680-1681 (R. Cecep Eka Permana, 2004). In 1808, the Surosowan Palace was destroyed by the Nederlandshe Indische colonial administration along with other palaces including Kaibon Palace.
– Source: http://theindonesianpalaces.blogspot.co.id/2009/10/surosowan-palace.html

Foto keraton Surosowan: link


Source (english)

– History of the Sultanate: link
History of the Sultanate: Wiki
List of kings: Wiki
– History of Surosowan palace:  http://theindonesianpalaces.blogspot.co.id/2009/10/surosowan-palace.html
Historians have floated the idea the ancient Banten sultanate (2013): link

Source (only indon. language)

Keraton Kaibon:  http://www.1001wisata.com/situs-keraton-kaibon-kesultanan-banten/
– Keraton Kaibon: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keraton_Kaibon
Keraton Kaibon: http://travel.kompas.com/read/2014/12/31/190400727/Keraton.Kaibon.Saksi.Kejayaan.Kerajaan.Banten.Lama

Keraton Surosowan: link
– Keraton Surosowan: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keraton_Surosowan
Keraton Surosowan: http://kebudayaan.kemdikbud.go.id/bpcbserang/2014/02/26/keraton-surosowan-salah-satu-bukti-kejayaan-banten-di-masa-lalu/


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