Kingdom of Amabi / Isl. of Timor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Amabi, located on west Timor island, in the district of Kupang.
The kingdom of Amabi exists since the 17th century.

District of Kupang


Location of Timor

* Foto kings today onTimor: link
* Foto kings of Timor in the past: link

* Foto old sites on Timor: link

* Video history Timor and NTT, century 1 AD – today: link


About the king today (2020)

Augustus 2018
Successor of the king of Amabi, Baltasar Junus Amtaran Van Amabi.


4  nov. 2017
King of Amabi, Gideon Breory Jabi Amabi, died, 4 nov. 2017

History of the kingdom

The dynastic line of Amabi was related to the leading West Timorese kingdom of Sonbai, and to the Tetun kingdom of Wehali in south-central Timor. Through the effort of Dominican missionary in the early 17th century, it was tied to Portuguese interests on Timor. In 1655, however, the king of Amabi, together with that of Sonbai, switched sides and made an alliance with the Dutch East India Company (VOC), which had established itself in Kupang two years previously. The Dutch and their new allies soon proved particularly unsuccessful against the Portuguese clients on Timor. In the fall of 1657 the king of Amabi was killed by the latter at the battle of Gunung Mollo in the interior of West Timor. In September 1658 a large part of the Amabi population fled to Kupang in order to escape their enemies, and were permitted by the Dutch to settle close to the European fort. Part of the population stayed in the interior. This congregation, Amabi Oefeto, was subjected to the Amarasi principality, which in turn was a vassal of Portugal.

The Amabi community of refugee turned out to be loyal subordinated allies of the VOC. Together with the principalities of Kupang, Sonbai Kecil, Amfoan and Taebenu, they constituted the backbone of Dutch strategy on Timor. During much of the 17th and 18th centuries they waged small-scale warfare against the Portuguese client principalities, in particular Amarasi. This role was less crucial after 1749, when the Portuguese grip on West Timor was lost. Still, in the late 19th century Amabi was considered the most powerful among the local allies of the Dutch colonial government. When the Dutch implemented full control over the inland territories of West Timor in the early 20th century, the protective role of the small Amabi principality became obscure. Through an administrative reorganization, Amabi was merged with four other principalities in 1917, into the zelfbesturend landschap (self-ruling territory) of Kupang. Up to 1962, the ex-ruler of Amabi held the function of fettor (sub-ruler) of his old lands. In that year, the Indonesian republican government definitely abolished the system of hereditary princes.
– Source:

Kingdoms on Timor   1900

List of kings of Amabi:

* Sebastião mentioned 1652
* Saroro Neno mentioned 1655
* Ama Kefi Meu 1666-1704
* Ama Kefi 1704-1725 (son)
* Loti 1725-1732 (son)
* Nai Balas 1732-1755 (brother)
* Balthazar Loti 1755-1790 (son of Loti)
* Osu I 1791-1795 (son)
* Slolo 1795-c. 1797
* Afu Balthazar c. 1797-before 1824
* Arnoldus Adriaan Karel Loti before 1824-1834 (son)
* Osu II 1834-1859 (brother)
* Mano 1859-1883 (nephew)
* Lelo 1884-1894 (son)
* Kusa 1895-1901 (second cousin)
* Arnoldus 1901 (son of Lelo)
* Junus Amtaran 1901-1903
* Kase Kome 1903-1912 (nephew of Osu II)
* Jacob Ch. Amabi 1912-1917 (son).

–  Source:

Old maps of Timor

For old maps of Timor  1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733, 1700-an, 1762, 1900: klik here

Timor tahun 1521

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Amabi:
– Sejarah kerajaan Amabi:
Sejarah kerajaaan Amabi:
Daftar Raja Amabi:


– History Amabi:


Sitting right: king of Amabi

Left: king of Amabi, 2017

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