The kingdom of Ati Ati is a kingdom of the Kerewaindzai clan. Located on the peninsula Onin, in the district of Fakfak, prov. of West Papua.
Location of Wartutin, District Fak Fak
About the king today (2018)
14 febr. 2018
The appointment and confirmation of M. Syahril Yusuf Bay as King Nadi Baham Sanggaria Atiati, replacing the previous king (late) Yusuf Bay Mata in Werpigan village, Wartuttin District, Kab.Fak Fak.
History of the Ati Ati Kingdom
History of the Ati Ati kingdom
Similar to the origin of the descendants of the king of Namatote, the descendants of king of Atiati also came from Gunung Baik. The first person from the lineage to receive the title of king from the Sultan of Ternate was called Wainesin. When Wainesin died, his son Jusuf was still young, so an acting king had to be appointed, namely Sanggil and Ongga, Wainesin’s brothers-in-law, Wainesin’s sister who came from Seram.
After Jusuf became king, the Atiati Kingdom and Fatagar Kingdom moved to Ega Island and then moved to Atiati Onin, on the mainland in front of Ega Island, while Fatagar moved to Merapi, east of Fakfak. In a report from J.W. van Hille mentioned that: “Then the king of Atiati moved to Atiati Onin which was located in front of him, the king of Fatagar moved to Merapi with his wife from Gorom; his five children soon died. When the king of Fatagar died in Merapi, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Mafa. Mafa married in Seram Laut and returned to his hometown of Merapi in 1899.
In 1899 Mafa was appointed king to replace his deceased father. Meanwhile, King Atiati had a dispute with Fatagar’s subordinates. Raja Atiati considered Fatagar’s subjects as his subordinates. In 1897 Raja Jusuf (king of Atiati) was brought to Ternate by the resident. King Yusuf died in Ternate. He did not pass down the throne to his son.
His close male relative was the grandson of his nephew. His eldest son did go to Mecca with his father. The father died in Mecca and since then his sons have been living in Kitai (Seram Laut). According to the residents’ wishes, the controllers sought to return their sons who lived in Kitai and Haji Haruna in April 1899 to be recognized as king of Atiati.
A younger brother of Haruna, Jusuf by name, was subsequently appointed viceroy, and after being dismissed, he was succeeded by his younger brother, Ibrahim. Ibrahim died in 1927 in Mecca. After that no replacement was appointed.
King Jusuf died and only left a daughter named Wainesin. His daughter was married with a person named Taib, who was from Patipi. Taibs children from Wainesin could not be considered as a successor to the king.
Haruna, who was recognized as king in 1899, died on February 26, 1932. Regarding the prospective successor to the king of Haruna, it was the son of Jusuf’s rajamuda named Mohamad.
The heads of the Patimun region wanted a replacement from the male line, because in 1899 the female line from the king’s ancestor with Haruna had come to power. An agreement was reached between the customary chiefs and residents of the Atiati kingdom on the issue of changing the throne. Both parties expressed satisfaction with the appointment of a successor by the king of Namatotte, from his relatives to the third generation.
This is based on the consideration that the descendants of the Namatote kings and financial reasons, related to the bad position of the regional treasury, the king of Namatote was appointed to be the acting king. Following the lineage of king Atiati based on van de (Onder) Afdeeling West Nieuw Guinea, until the third generation. This is based on the consideration that the descendants of kings Namatote and Atiati in the male line are still siblings. For financial reasons, due to the poor position of the regional treasury, king Namatote was appointed as acting king of Atiati.
M. Syahril Yusuf Bay, king Nadi Baham Sanggaria Atiati, since 14 febr. 2018
List of kings of Ati Ati.
Rulers (title from c. 1851, Raja)
* …. – ….: .Ulan Tui [1st ruler]
* …. – ….: .Lamarora
* …. – ….: .Menau Bauw
* 18.. – c.1851: .Kakabusan Bauw
* c.1851: .Wainesin Kakabusan Bauw
* c.1851 – c.1860: .Mampati Bauw
* c.1860 – 18..: .Sangil Bauw -Regent
* 18.. – 1871: .Ongga Bauw -Regent
* c.1860 – 1897: .Yusuf Kerewainja Bauw
* 1897 – 1899: ….
* 1899 -1932: .Haji Haruna
* 1932 – 1935: .Nurma (Njora Latin)(f)
* 1935 – 1942: .Mafa
* 1942 – 1953/63: .Muhammad Bai
* 1953/63: .Wakil-Raja J.A. Bai
* 19.. – c.1999: .Nataniel Talla
* c.1999 – : .Onim Bai
Kingdoms on West Papua
1) District Kaimana
2) District Fak Fak
3) District Raja Empat
The history of the kingdoms of Prov. West Papua
According to Kakawin Nagarakretagama written between September-October 1365, Wwanin / Onin (Fakfak District) was an area of influence of Majala Majapahit Kingdom, this region may be part of the Hindu kingdom colonies in the Maluku Islands recognized by Majapahit conquest.
In his book “Neiuw Guinea”, WC. Klein also explained the early facts of the influence of the Bacan kingdom on Papua. There he writes: in 1569 Papuan leaders visited the kingdom of Bacan. According to the oral history of the Biak people, there was a relationship and marriage between their tribal chiefs and the sultans of Tidore. The Biak tribe was the largest Melanesian tribe that spreads on the northern coast of Papua, therefore the Biak language is also the most widely used and considered as the language of Papuan unity. Due to the relation of coastal areas of Papua to the Sultan-Sultan of Maluku there were several local kingdoms (pertuanan), which indicate the entry of feudalism system which is not the original culture of ethnic Papua.
In the Raja Ampat Islands located off the coast of Papua there are 4 traditional kingdoms belonging to the mandala territory of Bacan and the sultanate of Ternate, each of which was the kingdom of Waigeo, with its central power in Wewayai, Waigeo island; Salawati kingdom, with a power center in Samate, the island of Salawati Utara; the Sailolof empire with the center of power in Sailolof, South Salawati island, and the kingdom of Misol, with the center of power in Lilinta, Misol island.
In 1660, the VOC had signed an agreement with the Tidore sultan in which Tidore recognized the Dutch protectorate of the people of West Irian. This agreement clearly covered the inhabitants of the islands between Maluku and Irian. Obviously, Tidore never actually controlled Irian. So the Dutch protectorate is just a legal fiction.
Tidore considered himself the superior of Biak. At that time, Malay traders began to visit the island of Irian. It is precisely this view of Tidore which is the reason the Dutch consider the western part of the island is part of the Dutch East Indies.
Since the 16th century, in addition to the Raja Ampat Islands belonging to the Sultan of Bacan and the Sultan of Ternate, other areas of Papua are the coastal areas of Papua from the island of Biak (as well as the Biak distribution areas) until Mimika is part of the mandala territory of Tidore Sultanate, a a large empire adjacent to the territory of Papua.
In 1826 Pieter Merkus, the Dutch governor of Maluku, heard rumors that England began to enter the coast of Irian in the east of the Aru Islands. He decided the group to explore the beach until Dolak Island. Two years later, the Dutch built the Fort Du Bus, which is now the city of Lobo, with the ultimate goal of blocking other European powers landed in western Irian. Fort Du Bus was abandoned in 1836.
In 1872, Tidore recognized the authority of the Kingdom of the Netherlands upon him.
The Dutch returned to Irian in 1898. Irian was divided between the Netherlands, Germany (northern part of eastern Irian) and England (southern part of eastern Irian). The arc line 141 is recognized as the eastern boundary of western Irian. In 1898 – 1949, western Papua was known as Dutch New Guinea.
Source (only indon. language)
– Daftar raja Ati Ati: http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html
– Sejarah kerajaan2 Papua Barat: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papua_Barat_%28wilayah%29
– Kerajaan2 Islam di Papua: http://www.gurusejarah.com/2015/01/kerajaan-kerajaan-islam-di-papua.html
– Kerajaan2 di Semenanjung Onin: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semenanjung_Onin
– Sistem kerajaan2 tradisional di Papua: http://papuaweb.org/dlib/s123/mansoben/05.pdf
– Sejarah kerajaan2 di Papua Barat: http://marlinapuspita3.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/papua-barat-wilayah_22.html
– Kerajaan2 di Semenanjung Bomberai: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semenanjung_Bomberai
– Kerajaan2 di kepulauan Raja empat: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kepulauan_Raja_Ampat
– Sejarah kepulauan Raja empat: http://www.marikoworld.com/travels/indonesia/raja-ampat/