Kingdom of Pat Petulai / Sumatera – Prov. Bengkulu

The kingdom of Pat Petulai was located on Sumatera, provinsi Bengkulu.

Prov. of Bengkulu

Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link

Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sumatera: link

Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera

* Video history kingdoms on Sumatera, 75.000 BC – today: link
* Video history kingdoms on North Sumatera, 0 AD – today: link
Video history kingdoms on West Sumatera, 0 AD – today, link


History of the kingdom of Pat Petulai

Google translation

Pat Petulai comes from the word Pat Petu Loi which means Four Great Doors. Tanah Rejang was formerly named Renah Sekalawi and had been occupied by the Rejang Nation. It was king of Ajai who was believed to lead a group of people. The people continued to develop, the four Ajai from these four regions agreed to hold a meeting to determine the limits of power of each region, which was finally called by the name Jang Pat Petuloi.
Among the kings names and places are still recognized today:
1. Ajai Bitang in Dusun Pelabai (Pelabi) Lebong (Marga Tribe IX now),
2. Ajai Begeleng Mato in Kutai Belek Tebo Lebong (Marga Tribe VIII now),
3. Afternoon Day in Dusun Hari Lekat Lebong (Marga Jurukalang)
4. Ajai Tiea Keteko at Dusun Bandar Agung Lebong (Marga Tribe IX now).
After the e
nd of the Ajai era arose the era of Biku / Bikau (Monk). Around the 12th or 13th century or about 600 and 700 years ago these four monks came to Renah Sekalawi (Lebong) from Majapahit Kingdom. It is said that these four men were sons of the king of Majapahit. The four men were escorted by guards and their destination was Renah Sekalawi (Lebong) Pinang Belapis according to the history is to seek the country and will be led by each of four sons of King Majapahit.

History of the kingdoms in the Bengkulu area

The region of Bengkulu was subject to the Buddhist Srivijaya empire in the 8th century. The Shailendra Kingdom and Singosari Kingdom succeeded the Srivijaya kingdom, but it is unclear whether they spread their influence over Bengkulu. The Majapahit also had little influence over Bengkulu. There were only few smalls ‘kedatuan’ based on ethnicity such as in

In the region of Bengkulu once were ethnic-based kingdoms such as: kingdom of Sungai Serut,
kingdom of Selebar,
kingdom of Pat Petulai,
kingdom of Balai Buntar,
kingdom of Sungai Lemau,
kingdom of Sekiris,
kingdom of Gedung Agung,
kingdom of Marau Riang.

They were under the sultanate of Banten, as vazals.
Some areas of Bengkulu, also were under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century.
Some areas of Bengkulu, also were under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century.

The first European visitors to the area were the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch in 1596. The English East India Company established a pepper-trading center and garrison at Bengkulu (Bencoolen) in 1685. In 1714 the British built Fort Marlborough, which still stands.

In 1785, the area was integrated into British Empire as Bencoolen, while the rest of Sumatra and most of the Indonesian archipelago was part of the Dutch East Indies. Despite the difficulties of keeping control of the area while Dutch colonial power dominated the rest of Sumatra, the British persisted, maintaining their presence for roughly 140 years before ceding Bengkulu to the Dutch as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Malacca. Bengkulu then remained part of the Dutch East Indies.

Old maps of Sumatera

For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here

Sumatera, 1707

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Pat Petulai:
– Tentang Pat Petulai:
– Sejarah Bengkulu:

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