كسولتانن سياق سري ايندراڤور
Sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura: 1723–1945. Located on Sumatera, in the District of Siak, Riau Province.
Before there was the kingdom of Siak I, Gasib.
District of Siak
Line history kingdoms on Sumatera: link
Foto kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera
Video history of the kingdoms / sultanates on Sumatera
About the King
Sultan Syarif Kasim XII had no descendants to continue the throne of the Siak kingdom. Now, the throne is empty.
Sultan of Siak of Sri Indrapura (left) and sultan of Pelalawan
History of the sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura, 1723–1945
– Video history sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura: link
Before the sultanate there was the kingdom of Siak I, Gasib.
The Sultanate of Siak Sri Indrapura, was a kingdom that was located in the Siak Regency, Riau from 1723 to 1946 CE. It was founded by Raja Kecik from the Johor Kingdom (Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah I), after he failed to seize the throne of the Sultanate of Johor.
After Indonesia’s Independence was proclaimed on 17 August 1945, the last sultan of Siak (Sultan Syarif Kasim II) declared his kingdom to have joined the Republic of Indonesia.
The Siak-centred sultanate was founded by Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Shah in 1725. The first Sultan died in 1746 and later posthumously given the title of Marhum Buantan. The reign was continued to Sultan Abdul Jalil Muzaffar Shah (1746–1765) who ruled for about 19 years. This second Sultan succeeded in making the Kingdom of Siak Sri Indrapura strong and triumphant.
The last Sultan of Siak was Syarif Qasim Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin (Syarif Qasim II, who was in throne in 1915–1949). The sultan with real name Tengku Sulong went to the throne seven years after the death of his father Sultan Hashim. In November 1945, Sultan Syarif Qasim II sent a message to the President of the Republic of Indonesia declaring allegiance to the newly created Government of the Republic of Indonesia.
Sultan Siak, Sultan Syarif Kasim II and wife (1910-1939)
List of kings
* 1725–1746: Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah I
* 1746–1765: Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmad Syah II
* 1765–1766: Sultan Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin Syah
* 1766–1780: Sultan Abdul Jalil Alamuddin Syah
* 1780–1782: Sultan Muhammad Ali Abdul Jalil Muazzam Syah
* 1782- 1784: Sultan Yahya Abdul Jalil Muzaffar Syah
* 1784–1810: Sultan Assaidis Asyarif Ali Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin Baalawi
* 1810–1815: Sultan Asyaidis Syarif Ibrahim Abdul Jalil Khaliluddin
* 1815–1854: Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Ismail Abdul Jalil Jalaluddin
* 1864–1889: Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Kasyim Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin I (Syarif Kasyim I)
* 1889–1908: Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Hasyim Abdul Jalil Syaifuddin
* 1915–1949: Sultan Assyaidis Syarif Kasyim Abdul Jalif Syaifudin I (Syarif Kasim II)
Connection kingdom of Pelalawan and kingdom of Siak
Palace: Asseraya Al Hasyimiyah
In 1889, the 11th sultan, Syarif Hasyim Abdul Jalil Syarifuddin built a Moorish-style palace 120 kilometres (75 mi) upstream of the Siak river in Pekanbaru. The palace is now a museum.
Before its construction, the sultan made a tour of Europe, visiting the Netherlands and Germany. In the architecture of the palace there are European influences that blend harmoniously with the Malay and Moorish elements, with the furniture was even brought from Europe.
The palace contains royal ceremonial objects, such as a gold-plated crown set with diamonds, a golden throne and personal objects of Sultan Syarif Qasyim and his wife
– About the palace: link
* Foto palace of Siak: link
Old maps of Sumatera
For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here
Sumatera, tahun 1707
Kingdoms in Riau in the 19th century