The kingdom of Pejanggik was located on the island of Lombok. Existed 14th – 17th century.
The Pejanggik region covers the west coast to the east coast of Lombok island, from Belongas to Tanjung Ringgit.
Location of Pejanggik on Lombok
Location of the island of Lombok
* List of the kingdoms on Lombok: link
* Video history kingdoms on Lombok and NTB: link
KINGDOM OF PEJANGGIK
About the king
Chief Dinasty kedatuan Pejanggik (febr. 2017): Pangeran Maspanji Lalu Satria Wangsa.
History of the kingdom of Pejanggik, 14th – 17th century
In 1417 AD Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon abandoned his post, and was succeeded by his son Deneq Mas Komala Jagat (1417-1462). who later founded the Selaparang Kingdom.
At the age of 63 years (in 1417) Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon went to Rembitan with his little son named Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo, 7 years old. For 35 years doing the Tapa Brata in Rembitan and at the age of 98 years (1453) Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon died. In accordance with the religious beliefs held at that time, Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon was burried with ceremony Ngaben. In 1458 and 5 years after the death of Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon, Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo established the Pejanggik Kingdom, which had the following rulers:
1-Deneq Mas Komala Dewa Sempopo (1458-1518)
2-Deneq Mas Komala Sari (1518-1586)
3-Deneq Mas Unda Putih (1586-1649)
4-Deneq Mas Bekem Blind Intan Komala Sari. (1649-1667)
5-Maspanji Meraja Sakti (1667-1696).
Kakak Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sari named Pemban Mas Aji Komala was inaugurated as a young king and represented Gowa in Sumbawa on November 13, In 1648 Mdan Maspanji Meraja Sakti Son Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala was inaugurated as King of Pejanggik, in 1667 and a son was appointed as a Maham Menteri Maspanji Komala Patria.
Collapse of Pejanggik
In the year 1692 there was a rebellion of Arya Banjar Getas. Arya Banjat Getas asked for the help of Karangasem Bali kingdom, so Pejanggik could be defeated. The king of Pejanggik was arrested and exiled, then died at Ujung Karangasem. Many nobles fled to Sumbawa. The attack of Karangasem was not only to Pejanggik but also were attacked the kingdom of Parwa, Sokong, Langko and Bayan. All kingdoms surrendered without meaningful resistance. Anak Agung Karangasem allied with Arya Banjar Getas. Finally in 1740 the whole island of Lombok could be conquered.
Palace of the datu of Pejanggik on Lombok. – satria wangsa, fb
Kings of Pejanggik
- Deneq Mas Putra Pengendengan Segara Katon ke daerah Rambitan.
- Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo
- Deneq Mas Komala Sari.
- Deneq Mas Unda Putih
- Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sari
- Kakak Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sar,i named Pemban Mas Aji Komala was installed as viceroy on 30 november 1648 and represented the kingdom of Gowa on Sumbawa.
History of the kingdoms on Lombok
According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named kingdom of Laeq (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.
In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.
The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.
During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands. (see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and pushed back the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.
Lombok before the war of 1891
red = Balinese
blue = Sasak
Source Kedatuan Pejanggik (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kedatuan Pejanggik: https://sasaqgagah14.wordpress.com/2016/03/13/meluruskan-sejarah-pemban-pejanggik-evolusi-kekuasaan-di-lombok/
– Sejarah kedatuan Pejanggik: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah Pejanggik: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kerajaan-pejanggik.html
– Sejarah Datu Pejanggik: http://sejarahgumisasak.weebly.com/datu-pejanggik.html
– Makam Seriwe, datu Pejanggik: http://allaboutsasak.blogspot.co.id/2012/12/makam-seriwe.html
– Desa Pejanggik: http://allaboutsasak.blogspot.co.id/2013/04/desa-pejanggik-desa-budaya.html
– Tentang Pejanggik dan Selaparang: link
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah
Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html