The kingdom of Pejanggik was located on the island of Lombok.
The Pejanggik region covers the west coast to the east coast of Lombok island, from Belongas to Tanjung Ringgit.
* Foto Lombok in the past, ancient sites, intervention of holland (1894) and the Sasak People: link
About the king
Chief Dinasty kedatuan Pejanggik (febr. 2017): Pangeran Maspanji Lalu Satria Wangsa.
History of Pejanggik
In 1417 AD Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon abandoned his post, and was succeeded by his son Deneq Mas Komala Jagat (1417-1462). who later founded the Selaparang Kingdom.
At the age of 63 years (in 1417) Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon went to Rembitan with his little son named Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo, 7 years old. For 35 years doing the Tapa Brata in Rembitan and at the age of 98 years (1453) Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon died. In accordance with the religious beliefs held at that time, Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon was burried with ceremony Ngaben. In 1458 and 5 years after the death of Deneq Mas Pengendengan Segara Katon, Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo established the Pejanggik Kingdom, which had the following rulers:
1-Deneq Mas Komala Dewa Sempopo (1458-1518)
2-Deneq Mas Komala Sari (1518-1586)
3-Deneq Mas Unda Putih (1586-1649)
4-Deneq Mas Bekem Blind Intan Komala Sari. (1649-1667)
5-Maspanji Meraja Sakti (1667-1696).
Kakak Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sari named Pemban Mas Aji Komala was inaugurated as a young king and represented Gowa in Sumbawa on November 13, In 1648 Mdan Maspanji Meraja Sakti Son Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala was inaugurated as King of Pejanggik, in 1667 and a son was appointed as a Maham Menteri Maspanji Komala Patria.
Collapse of Pejanggik
In the year 1692 there was a rebellion of Arya Banjar Getas. Arya Banjat Getas asked for the help of Karangasem Bali kingdom, so Pejanggik could be defeated. The king of Pejanggik was arrested and exiled, then died at Ujung Karangasem. Many nobles fled to Sumbawa. The attack of Karangasem was not only to Pejanggik but also were attacked the kingdom of Parwa, Sokong, Langko and Bayan. All kingdoms surrendered without meaningful resistance. Anak Agung Karangasem allied with Arya Banjar Getas. Finally in 1740 the whole island of Lombok could be conquered.
Kings of Pejanggik
- Deneq Mas Putra Pengendengan Segara Katon ke daerah Rambitan.
- Deneq Mas Komala Sempopo
- Deneq Mas Komala Sari.
- Deneq Mas Unda Putih
- Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sari
- Kakak Deneq Mas Bekem Buta Intan Komala Sar,i named Pemban Mas Aji Komala was installed as viceroy on 30 november 1648 and represented the kingdom of Gowa on Sumbawa.
History of the kingdoms on Lombok
According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named Laeq Kingdom (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.
In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdom, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.
Entrance of Islam on Lombok
Prior to the entry of Islam, the people who inhabit Lombok consecutively believed animism, dynamism and then Hinduism. Islam first entered through the “wali” of the island of Java, namely sunan Prapen in about the 16th century, after the collapse of the Majapahit kingdom.
In conveying the teachings of Islam, the wali’s did not necessarily eliminate the old habits of people, who still embraced the old faith. There was even acculturation between Islam and the culture of the local community, because the spreaders were using local customs to facilitate the delivery of Islam. The religious teachings of that day were rewritten in Old Javanese. Even the shahadah for the Wetu Telu followers was accompanied by a sentence in Old Javanese. In those days, those who were required to perform the worship. were the kiai.When the kingdom of Lombok was led by king Rangkesari, Prince Prapen, son of Sunan Ratu Giri, came to Islamize the kingdom of Lombok. In Babad Lombok is mentioned, this Islamic is an effort of Raden Paku or Sunan Ratu Giri from Gersik, Surabaya who ordered the kings of East Java and Palembang to spread Islam to various regions in the archipelago. The process of Islam by Sunan Prapen got a lively result, until several years later the whole island of Lombok embraced Islam, except for some places that still retain the old customs.
Source history of Lombok (english)
Source Kedatuan Pejanggik (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kedatuan Pejanggik: https://sasaqgagah14.wordpress.com/2016/03/13/meluruskan-sejarah-pemban-pejanggik-evolusi-kekuasaan-di-lombok/
– Sejarah kedatuan Pejanggik: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah Pejanggik: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kerajaan-pejanggik.html
– Sejarah Datu Pejanggik: http://sejarahgumisasak.weebly.com/datu-pejanggik.html
– Makam Seriwe, datu Pejanggik: http://allaboutsasak.blogspot.co.id/2012/12/makam-seriwe.html
– Desa Pejanggik: http://allaboutsasak.blogspot.co.id/2013/04/desa-pejanggik-desa-budaya.html
– Tentang Pejanggik dan Selaparang: link
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Lombok: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/307/kerajaan-lombok
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah
Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html