Kingdom of Pekat / Isl. of Sumbawa – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The kingdom of Pekat was located on the island of Sumbawa; destroyed because of the eruption of the Tambora Vulcano in 1815; also destroyed were the kingdoms of Tamora and Sanggar.

Island of Sumbawa

Location island of Sumbawa


* Foto kingdoms on Sumbawa: link
* Foto ancient sites on Sumbawa: link


About the kingdom

Pekat was one of three kingdoms located on the slopes of Mount Tambora. The other two kingdoms are Tambora and Sanggar. The Kingdoms of Tambora, Sanggar and Pekat were destroyed by the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815.

Location kingdoms of Pekat, Sanggar and Tambora


List of kings

c.1660: Kingdom of Papekat Papekat founded.

* 1794 – 10 Apr 1815: Abdul Muhammad (died 1815)
* 10 Apr 1815: Eruption of Tambora totally destroys the state.

– Source:  http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html

Kingdoms on Sumbawa


Short history of the island of Sumbawa

The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.

In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.


Old map of Sumbawa (Cambaua)

Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.

Sumbawa 1615


Eruption of the Tambora, 1815

Eruption Tambora 1815

Eruption Tambora 1815

Eruption Tambora 1815


Source (english)

– Eruption of the Tambora: Wiki
List of kings of Pekat: link

Source Pekat (only indon. language)

Kerajaan Pekat di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Pekat
– Kerajaan Pekat dan Gunung Tambora: http://news.detik.com/berita/2883883/misteri-kerajaan-tambora-dan-pekat-yang-punah-akibat-letusan-gunung-tambora
Daftar Raja Pekat:  http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html

Explosion mount Tambora (only indon. language)

– Sejarah letusan Tambora dan hilangnya 3 kerajaan: link
Sejarah letusan Tambora, 3 kerajaan terkubur: link
– Letusan Gunung Tambora di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gunung_Tambora#Letusan_tahun_1815
Gunung Tambora sebelum dan sesudah letusan 1815: http://tamborachallenge.com/2015/04/08/gunung-berapi-tambora-sebelum-dan-sesudah-1815/
Peringatan 2 abad meletusnya Gunung Tambora: http://tamborachallenge.com/2015/04/08/gunung-berapi-tambora-sebelum-dan-sesudah-1815/