Kingdom of Sunda / Jawa Barat

The kingdom of Sunda, 669 – 1579, was located on Jawa, West Jawa.
Kingdom of Sunda was a kingdom in the Land of Sunda and was closely related with the Kingdom of Galuh. Both kingdoms were parts of the kingdom of Tarumanagara.
The kingdom of Sunda was called Pajajaran kingdom, when its capital was Pajajaran or Pakuan Pajajaran (Bogor) in Java Bara. The beginning of the founding of the Pajajaran kingdom was when Sri Baduga Maharaha came to power, in 1482.


* Foto old Jawa, ancient sites and Batavia (Jakarta): link


History of the kingdom

Google translation

The Kingdom of Sunda or Pasundan Kingdom was a kingdom that existed between the years 669 and 1579 in the western part of Java, and parts of Central Java today. This kingdom even once controlled the southern part of the island of Sumatra. This kingdom is patterned Hindu and Buddhist, then around the 14th century it is known that this kingdom has been capitalized in Pakuan Pajajaran and has two main port area in Kalapa and Banten.

In 670 King Tarusbawa changed the name of the kingdom of Tarumanagara into the Kingdom of Sunda.
Before standing as an independent kingdom, Sunda was a subordinate of Tarumanagara. The last king Tarumanagara, Sri Maharaja Linggawarman Atmahariwangsa Panunggalan Tirthabumi, ruled for only three years, 666-669.
The last King Tarumanagara, Sri Maharaja Linggawarman Atmahariwangsa Panunggalan Tirthabumi (ruled for only three years, 666-669) had two children, both of whom were women. Déwi Manasih, his eldest daughter, married Tarusbawa from Sunda, while the second, Sobakancana, married Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa, who later founded the Kingdom of Srivijaya. After Linggawarman died, Tarumanagara’s power came to his son-in-law, Tarusbawa. This caused the Galuh ruler, Wretikandayun (612-702) to rebel, to escape from Tarumanagara, and to establish the independent Galuh Kingdom. Tarusbawa also wanted to continue the kingdom of Tarumanagara, and subsequently transferred his powers to Sunda, on the upper reaches of the Cipakancilan River where the Ciliwung and Cisadane rivers are close together and lined up, near the present Bogor. While Tarumanagara became subordinate. He was crowned king of the kingdom of Sunda on the day of Radite Pon, 9 Suklapaksa, Yista month, 519 Saka (about 18 May 669). Sunda and Galuh were adjacent, with the boundary of the kingdom was the river Citarum (Sunda in the west, Galuh in the east).
The kingdom of Sunda was called Pajajaran kingdom, when its capital was Pajajaran or Pakuan Pajajaran (Bogor) in Java Bara. The beginning of the founding of the Pajajaran kingdom was when Sri Baduga Maharaha came to power, in 1482.
The kingdom of Sunda collapsed after the royal capital was conquered by Maulana Yusuf in 1579. While previously the two main ports of the Sunda Kingdom were also ruled by the Demak Kingdom in 1527, Kalapa was conquered by Fatahillah and Banten conquered by Maulana Hasanuddin.

– Source: Wiki

Territory of the kingdoms of Galuh and Sunda


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List of kings of Sunda

(- source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Sunda)

  1. Tarusbawa (menantu Linggawarman, 669 – 723)
  2. Harisdarma, atawa Sanjaya (menantu Tarusbawa, 723 – 732)
  3. Tamperan Barmawijaya (732 – 739)
  4. Rakeyan Banga (739 – 766)
  5. Rakeyan Medang Prabu Hulukujang (766 – 783)
  6. Prabu Gilingwesi (menantu Rakeyan Medang Prabu Hulukujang, 783 – 795)
  7. Pucukbumi Darmeswara (menantu Prabu Gilingwesi, 795 – 819)
  8. Rakeyan Wuwus Prabu Gajah Kulon (819 – 891)
  9. Prabu Darmaraksa (adik ipar Rakeyan Wuwus, 891 – 895)
  10. Windusakti Prabu Déwageng (895 – 913)
  11. Rakeyan Kamuning Gading Prabu Pucukwesi (913 – 916)
  12. Rakeyan Jayagiri (assistent of Rakeyan Kamuning Gading, 916 – 942)
  13. Atmayadarma Hariwangsa (942 – 954)
  14. Limbur Kancana (son of Rakeyan Kamuning Gading, 954 – 964)
  15. Munding Ganawirya (964 – 973)
  16. Rakeyan Wulung Gadung (973 – 989)
  17. Brajawisésa (989 – 1012)
  18. Déwa Sanghyang (1012 – 1019)
  19. Sanghyang Ageng (1019 – 1030)
  20. Sri Jayabupati (Detya Maharaja, 1030 – 1042)
  21. Darmaraja (Sang Mokténg Winduraja, 1042 – 1065)
  22. Langlangbumi (Sang Mokténg Kerta, 1065 – 1155)
  23. Rakeyan Jayagiri Prabu Ménakluhur (1155 – 1157)
  24. Darmakusuma (Sang Mokténg Winduraja, 1157 – 1175)
  25. Darmasiksa Prabu Sanghyang Wisnu (1175 – 1297)
  26. Ragasuci (Sang Mokténg Taman, 1297 – 1303)
  27. Citraganda (Sang Mokténg Tanjung, 1303 – 1311)
  28. Prabu Linggadéwata (1311-1333)
  29. Prabu Ajiguna Linggawisésa (1333-1340)
  30. Prabu Ragamulya Luhurprabawa (1340-1350)
  31. Prabu Maharaja Linggabuanawisésa (lost durring the Perang Bubat, 1350-1357)
  32. Prabu Bunisora, Adik Linggabuanawisesa (1357-1371)
  33. Prabu Niskala Wastu Kancana son of Linggabuanawisesa (1371-1475)
  34. Prabu Susuktunggal (1475-1482) as the King of Sunda alone, because after Prabu Niskala Wastu Kancana the was kingdom was split two between Prabu Susuktunggal and Prabu Dewa Niskala in equal position.
  35. Jayadéwata Sri Baduga Maharaja son of Dewa Niskala, 1482-1521)
  36. Prabu Surawisésa (1521-1535)
  37. Prabu Déwatabuanawisésa (1535-1543)
  38. Prabu Sakti (1543-1551)
  39. Prabu Nilakéndra (1551-1567)
  40. Prabu Ragamulya or Prabu Suryakancana (1567-1579)

Source (english)

– History of Sunda kingdom: Wiki
History of Galuh kingdom: Wiki

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Sunda di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah kerajaan Sunda:  http://citralekha.com/kerajaan-sunda/
– Sejarah kerajaan Sunda: http://sejarah-kerajaan-di-indonesia.blogspot.co.id/2013/07/sejarah-kerajaan-sunda.html
– Sejarah berdirinya kerajaan Sunda: http://www.riswanto.com/2013/05/sejarah-berdirinya-kerajaan-sunda.html
– Daftar raja Sunda: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Sunda#Raja-raja_Kerajaan_Sunda-Galuh
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– Kerajaan Tarumanagara: https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/java-today/tarumanagara-kerajaan-358-669/
– Kerajaan Galuh:  https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/java-today/raja-of-sunda-galuh/
– Kerajaan Sunda Galuh: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Sunda_Galuh