Kingdom of Kodi / Isl. of Sumba – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Kodi is located on the island of Sumba, district of  Sumba Barat Daya.

Location of the island of Sumba


* Foto kingdoms on Sumba: link
* Foto megalitik sites on Sumba: link


About the kingdom

The Kingdom of Kodi was confirmed by “Korte Verklaring” on May 3, 1913. The Dutch government actually had proposed the signing of Korte Verklaring in 1908 but was rejected by Rato Loghe Kandua, the then ruling king of Kodi Bokol. This rejection received a strong reaction from the Dutch and eventually led to the emergence of popular resistance under the leadership of Wona Kaka.
Before 1912 in Kodi region there were two kingdoms namely Kodi Bokol kingdom and Mbangedo kingdom. In 1915 the territory of Rara and Ede was released from the Mbangedo kingdom and combined with the kingdom of Wewewa, as well as the territory of Gaura combined with the Lamboya kingdom.
In 1919 the king of Mbangedo, Rija Kanda, passed away and was replaced by Rangga Kura. In 1929 Rangga Kura was replaced by Rya Bokola until 1931. Furthermore, the kingdom of Mbangedo merged with the kingdom of Kodi under the rule of the then Kodi king, Dera Wula. For the kingdom of Mbangedo itself was appointed an auxiliary king, the Dance of Loghe. When he died he was replaced by Hermanus Rangga Horo. This auxiliary king was later appointed as king of Kodi to replace Dera Wula, who died in 1945. Hermanus Rangga Horo served as king of Kodi until the change of government system.

Map of Sumba, 1925

click for larger


List of kings

* 1931 – 1943: Dera Wula
* 1943 – 1962: Hermanus Rangga Horo (born 1903 – did 1985)

 – Sumber / Source: http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Indonesia_princely_states2.html


The kingdoms on Sumba

Google translation

The people of Sumba generally have no kingdom in their traditional system of government. There are only villages led by a head of each village, customary rules that apply in each village. However, during Dutch colonial rule, to facilitate control, the Dutch began to establish relationships with village heads. They entered into a contract of cooperation, in which each traditional ruler who signed the contract (often called the Short Placard Contract or Korte Verklaring) was officially recognized and called the king and given stick as a sign of power. From here tokko (stick) became popular. There are two types of rods of gold-headed stick (tokko ndoko) given to the main king, and silver-headed stick (tokkoamaho kaka) for auxiliary king.

The king, who had the approval of the Dutch government had to recognize the sovereignty of the Dutch authorities and one of his important duties was to tax the Dutch interests. Thus their sovereignty has actually been under the control of other nations, but de facto the kings remain sovereign and highly respected by their people and through them the Dutch powers the entire community. At first there were the heads of the villages, who did not bow to and against the Dutch government, but because of the strong military strength they finally surrendered and submitted to the power of the Dutch.
– Source: http://jacktenabolo18.blogspot.co.id/2014/12/kerajaan-kerajaan-di-sumba-masyarakat.html

The kingdoms on Sumba are:

Kodi Bangedo: kingdom on south west Sumba
Kodi Bokol: kingdom on south west Sumba
Kodi: kingdom on south west Sumba
Laura: kingdom on south west Sumba
Waijewa: kingdom on south west Sumba
Lauli: kingdom on west Sumba
Wanokaka: kingdom on west Sumba
Gaura: kingdom on west Sumba
Laboya: kingdom on west Sumba
Anakalang, kingdom on central Sumba
Umbu Ratu Nggay: kingdom on central Sumba
Tapundung: kingdom on central Sumba
Mamboru: kingdom on central Sumba
Lawonda: kingdom on central Sumba
Lakoka: kingdom on central Sumba
Rende, Rendi: kingdom on east Sumba
Napu: kingdom on east Sumba
Menyili: kingdom on east Sumba
Melolo: kingdom on east Sumba
Karera: kingdom on east Sumba
Massu: kingdom on east Sumba
Massu Karera: kingdom on east Sumba
Lewa: kingdom on east Sumba
Waijelu: kingdom on east Sumba
Kambera: kingdom on east Sumba
Kanatang: kingdom on east Sumba
Kapunduk, kingdom on east Sumba
Pau, kingdom on east Sumba
Riung, kingdom on east Sumba
Umalulu, kingdom on east Sumba


Source (only indon. language)

– Kerajaan kerajaan di Sumba: http://jacktenabolo18.blogspot.co.id/2014/12/kerajaan-kerajaan-di-sumba-masyarakat.html
Sejarah kerajaan Sumba barat: https://www.facebook.com/notes/john-malahina/kerajaan-kerajaan-di-sumba-barat/10152624675666115
Sejarah Sumba:  http://www.moripanet.com/2013/09/mengenal-sejarah-sumba-ntt.html
– Sumba masa kolonial: http://www.umbugoda.blogspot.co.id/2014/01/masa-kolonial-pulau-sumba.html
– Tentang pulau Sumba: http://www.umbugoda.blogspot.co.id/search?updated-max=2014-02-13T20:11:00-08:00&max-results=50&reverse-paginate=true
– Suku Sumba: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suku_Sumba
Suku Sumba: http://kebudayaanindonesia.net/kebudayaan/990/suku-sumba-nusa-tenggara-timur


 

Advertisements

Blog at WordPress.com.