Kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu / Prov. Sumatera Barat

The kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu is a kingdom of the Minangkabau People. Located in the prov. of West Sumatera. Existed in the 1st century.
This kingdom had a central government in the area around the slopes of Mount Marapi (Regency of Agam), which became known as Pariangan Padang Panjang.
This kingdom existed in the 1st century.

Province of West Sumatera

District Agam


* Foto kingdoms on Sumatera: link
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Foto ancient sites on Sumatera: link
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Foto Minangkabau People:
link


History of the kingdom

In the past there were several Minangkabau kingdoms:

1 Kerajaan Pasumayan Koto Batu,
2 Kerajaan Pariangan Padang Panjang
3 Kerajaan Dusun Tuo yang dibangun oleh Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang
4 Kerajaan Bungo Sitangkai
5 Kerajaan Bukit Batu Patah dan terakhir
6 Kerajaan Pagaruyung.

The kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu was the first traditional kingdom in Minangkabau region. This kingdom had its administrative center in the region around the slopes of Mount Merapi, which became known as Pariangan and Padang Panjang.
In the first century AD, there had been a migration of people from the Indian subcontinent (South India) to the island Percha (Sumatra island) and was established a kingdom, called the kingdom Pasumayan Koto Batu, around the slopes of Mount Merapi. The king was titled Sri Maha- Dirajo, the queen was Puti Indo Jolito and their child was Sutan Maharajo Basa who later became known as Datuk Ketumanggungan. After the death of Sri Maha- Dirajo he replaced by Datuk Suri Dirajo, while the  wife of Sri Maha Dirajo remarried with Cati Bilang Pandai and gave birth to three children: Sutan Balun, Sutan Bakilap Alam, dan Puti Jamilan. Sutan Balun became known as Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang.
After the Kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu ended, Datuk Ketumanggungan and Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang, who had the same mother, founded new kingdoms. Datuk Ketumanggungan founded the kingdom of Bungo Setangkai in Sungai Taraband and prime minister was Datuk Bandaro Putiah. While Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang established the Kingdom of Dusun Tuo in Lima Kaum and Datuk Bandaro Kuniang became dipertuan. The kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu was not continued.

History of Minangkabau kingdoms

Google translation

The kingdom of Bungo Satangkai was a kingdom that  existed in Minangkabau before the founding of Pagaruyung Kingdom and was a part of Pasumayan Koto Batu Kingdom, located in Tarab River, Tanah Datar district now. Kingdom of Bungo Satangkai ‘was founded by Datuk Ketumanggungan and as the Yang Dipertuan or prime minister is Datuk Banadaro Putiah.

According to Tambo Alam Minangkabau (legend), the order of kingdoms was:
1
Kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu,
2 Kingdom of  Pariangan Padang Panjang
3 Kingdom of Dusun Tuo founded by Datuk Perpatih Nan Sabatang
4 Kingdom of Bungo Satangkai
5 Kingdom of Bukit Batu Patah and last
6 Kingdom of Pagaruyung.

After the Kingdom Pasumayan Koto Batu ended, Datuk Ketumanggungan dan Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang, who were brothers with different mothers, founded a new kingdom.
Datuk Ketumanggungan founded the Kingdom of Bungo Setangkai at the river Sungai Tarab. Datuk Bandaro Putiah became a kind of prime-minister.
Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang founded the Kingdom of Dusun Tuo di Lima Kaum. His prime-minister was Datuk Bandaro Kuniang.
The kingdom of Pasumayan Koto Batu could not be continued, due to disagreement between Datuk Ketumanggungan and Datuk Perpatih Nan Sebatang, when debating the legislation governing Tarik Baleh: “whoever kills, will be killed”. However, the dispute could be settled by Datuk Suri Nan Banego.

In black: the Minangkabau People


Kingdoms in Riau, 19th century


Source (only indon. language)


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