.Sultanate of Pontianak / Prov. Kalimantan Barat

ﻛﺴﻠﺘﺎﻧﻦ ڤونتيانق

Sultanate of Pontianak: 1771 – 1950. Located on West Kalimantan.
Title of the king of Pontianak: Sultan.

Location of Pontianak

Province of West Kalimantan 


* Foto Sultanate of Pontianak: link
* Foto installation Crown Prince Pontianak, 24 okt. 2015: link
* Foto Keraton (palace) Kadriah: link


Sultans today and Revival of the sultanate, 2004

After the dead of Sultan Hamid II on 30 march 1978, the throne of the Sultanate of Pontianak was empty for 25 years.

5 januari 2004: Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie was installed as Sultan of Pontianak the-VIII.

31 march 2017: Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie, Sultan the-VIII, died.

15 juli 2017: Installation of Sultan Pontianak the-IX, Syarif (Melvin) Alkadrie.
This installation took 3 days. His father, Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie, Sultan the-VIII, died 31 march 2017.


History of the sultanate of Pontianak

The Pontianak Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Pontianak) was an Islamic Malay state that existed on the western coast of the island of Borneo from the late 18th century until its disestablishment in 1950. The Sultanate was located at the mouth of the Kapuas river in what is today the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, and the Sultan’s residential palace was situated in what later grew to become the modern-day Indonesian city of Pontianak.

The Pontianak Sultanate was founded in 1771 by explorers from Hadhramaut led by al-Sayyid Syarif Abdurrahman al-Kadrie, descendant of Imam Ali ar-Ridha. He had two political marriages in Kalimantan, first with the daughter of Panembahan Mempawah and then with the daughter of the Sultan of Banjar.

After the explorers arrived in Pontianak, they established the Kadariah Palace and received endorsement as the Sultan of Pontianak by the Dutch East India Company in 1779.
The Pontianak Sultanate had friendly relations with the Lanfang Republic.

Pontianak Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie was executed by the Japanese in the Pontianak incident in 1944 along with all the other Malay Sultans of Kalimantan. Two of his sons were also beheaded by the Japanese.
The last Sultan was Syarif Hamid Alkadrie, who was deposed by the Indonesians; he had earlier been interned by the occupying Japanese forces.

Kingdoms on West Kalimantan

Kerajaan-kerajaan di Kalimantan Barat


List of kings

Sultan-Sultan Kadriah Pontianak
No Sultan Masa pemerintahan
1 Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie bin Habib Husein Alkadrie 1 September 1778 – 28 Februari 1808
2 Sultan Syarif Kasim Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie 28 Februari 1808 – 25 Februari 1819
3 Sultan Syarif Usman Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie 25 Februari 1819 – 12 April 1855
4 Sultan Syarif Hamid Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Usman Alkadrie 12 April 1855 – 22 Agustus 1872
5 Sultan Syarif Yusuf Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Hamid Alkadrie 22 Agustus 1872 – 15 Maret 1895
6 Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Yusuf Alkadrie 15 Maret 1895 – 24 Juni 1944
* Interregnum 24 Juni 1944 – 29 Oktober 1945
7 Mayjen KNIL Sultan Hamid II (Sultan Hamid Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Mihammad Alkadrie 29 Oktober 1945 – 30 Maret 1978
* Interregnum 30 Maret 1978 – 15 Januari 2004
8 Sultan Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie bin Syarif Mahmud Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie 15 Januari 2004 – Sekarang

 


Palace of the kingdom: Keraton Kadriah

Keraton Kadariah is the palace of the Pontianak Sultanate, which was built in from 1771 until 1778 AD. Sayyid Sharif Abdurrahman Alkadri was the first sultan who inhabited the palace.
Historically Keraton Kadariah was built in 1771 and was only completed in 1778. Shortly after the Royal Palace was completed Sayyid Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadri was installed as the first Sultan of Pontianak Sultanate. In its development, this palace continues to undergo the process of renovation and reconstruction to become the current form.
The structure of Badariah Palace building is made of wood choice.

* Foto Keraton (palace) Kadriah: link

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Source

– History on Wiki: Wiki
The palace: http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/forum/showthread.php?528-Kadriah-Palace-Istana-Kadriah-West-Kalimantan-Indonesia
List of kings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontianak_Sultanate