Sultanate of Pontianak: 1771 – 1950. Located on West Kalimantan.
Title of the king of Pontianak: Sultan.
Sultans today and Revival of the sultanate, 2004
After the dead of Sultan Hamid II on 30 march 1978, the throne of the Sultanate of Pontianak was empty for 25 years.
5 januari 2004: Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie was installed as Sultan of Pontianak the-VIII.
31 march 2017: Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie, Sultan the-VIII, died.
15 juli 2017: Installation of Sultan Pontianak the-IX, Syarif (Melvin) Alkadrie.
This installation took 3 days. His father, Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie, Sultan the-VIII, died 31 march 2017.
History of the sultanate of Pontianak
The Pontianak Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Pontianak) was an Islamic Malay state that existed on the western coast of the island of Borneo from the late 18th century until its disestablishment in 1950. The Sultanate was located at the mouth of the Kapuas river in what is today the Indonesian province of West Kalimantan, and the Sultan’s residential palace was situated in what later grew to become the modern-day Indonesian city of Pontianak.
The Pontianak Sultanate was founded in 1771 by explorers from Hadhramaut led by al-Sayyid Syarif Abdurrahman al-Kadrie, descendant of Imam Ali ar-Ridha. He had two political marriages in Kalimantan, first with the daughter of Panembahan Mempawah and then with the daughter of the Sultan of Banjar.
After the explorers arrived in Pontianak, they established the Kadariah Palace and received endorsement as the Sultan of Pontianak by the Dutch East India Company in 1779.
The Pontianak Sultanate had friendly relations with the Lanfang Republic.
Pontianak Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie was executed by the Japanese in the Pontianak incident in 1944 along with all the other Malay Sultans of Kalimantan. Two of his sons were also beheaded by the Japanese.
The last Sultan was Syarif Hamid Alkadrie, who was deposed by the Indonesians; he had earlier been interned by the occupying Japanese forces.
Kingdoms on West Kalimantan
List of kings
|1||Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie bin Habib Husein Alkadrie||1 September 1778 – 28 Februari 1808|
|2||Sultan Syarif Kasim Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie||28 Februari 1808 – 25 Februari 1819|
|3||Sultan Syarif Usman Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie||25 Februari 1819 – 12 April 1855|
|4||Sultan Syarif Hamid Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Usman Alkadrie||12 April 1855 – 22 Agustus 1872|
|5||Sultan Syarif Yusuf Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Hamid Alkadrie||22 Agustus 1872 – 15 Maret 1895|
|6||Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Yusuf Alkadrie||15 Maret 1895 – 24 Juni 1944|
|*||Interregnum||24 Juni 1944 – 29 Oktober 1945|
|7||Mayjen KNIL Sultan Hamid II (Sultan Hamid Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Mihammad Alkadrie||29 Oktober 1945 – 30 Maret 1978|
|*||Interregnum||30 Maret 1978 – 15 Januari 2004|
|8||Sultan Syarif Abubakar Alkadrie bin Syarif Mahmud Alkadrie bin Sultan Syarif Muhammad Alkadrie||15 Januari 2004 – Sekarang|
Palace of the kingdom: Keraton Kadriah
– History on Wiki: Wiki
– The palace: http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/forum/showthread.php?528-Kadriah-Palace-Istana-Kadriah-West-Kalimantan-Indonesia
– List of kings: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pontianak_Sultanate