The kingdom of Tawaili is a kingdom in the Donggala region. Central Sulawesi. It is a kingdom of the Kaili People.
* Foto kingdom of Tawaili: link
About the king
Representative: YM. Madika Andi Sompa Yotolembah.
The title of the king is Magau.
There is no foto of the king.
History of the kingdom
Tawaeli Kingdom is one of the kingdoms in the Valley of Palu (Palu Now). Tawaeli Kingdom in its heyday was a kingdom, that had a wide area ranging from Ogoamas (Sojol North District, Donggala now) to Lasoani (District Mantikulore, Palu now).
Before conquered by the Dutch Government in 1904 the territory of Donggala Regency was the territory of the Government of independent kings:
Before the 16th century, there existed an old kingdom in Boya Peramba (Nupabomba Village, now). It is not known exactly the year of its founding, because the lack of literature or physical evidence of this kingdom is one of the factors because the Kaili tribe people have not known the culture of writing for a long time.
Based on the folklore in the story of hereditary, the Kingdom of Boya Peramba had five people with the title Langganunu. Langganunu was the original title for the royal leaders before the popular MAGAU title.
Around the year 1550 the child of Langganunu Marukaluli named Yuntonulembah, after returning from Bone and Luwu, began to introduce a new term for the government as follows:
- Magau = Maharaja
- Madika Malolo = Raja Muda
- Madika Matua = Assistent of the government
- Baligau = Chairman of the Adat
- Galara = Judge
- Pabisara = Pambicara
- Punggava = Assistent for farmers and dan Ekonomi.
The triumph of Tawaeli Kingdom was around 1888 when it was led by Magau to VI Yangge Bodu where in his time he managed to expand the territory of Tawaeli Kingdom to Ogoamas (Sojol Utara, Donggala now) and Lasoani (Mantikulore District, Palu.
In 1936 Magau the XI Lamakampali Djaelangkara (the last King of Tawaeli) divided the territory of Tawaeli Kingdom into 2 districts:
- Tawaeli (north) Utara = capital Sirenja under the rule of H. Djamaludin Labulembah
- Tawaeli (south) Selatan = capital Tawaeli under the rule of Abd. Muluk Yoto Labulembah
In 1954 the Tawaeli Kingdom was dissolved with Magau Lamakampali Djaelangkara as the last King. Its area of 2 districts is combined with Donggala District (formed on the basis of the former Kingdom of Pudjananti and Banawa Kingdom) which was inaugurated in 1952.
Map of Tawaili, Parigi, Palu, Banawa, 1916
Klik for larger
List of kings
* Magau Ke I Labulembah alias Madika Tonavu Jara
He was the grandson of Langganunu Ke 3 Boya Peramba named Pialembah. He was also the first to open a settlement location known today as TAVA-ILI (Tawaeli) around the mid-16th century
* Magau Ke II Yuntonulembah alias Langgo
He is the son of Langganunu the 5th Boya Peramba named Marukaluli. He was the first to form the government structure after his return from Bone and Luwu and at the same time introduced the legislative government system with the term Libu Ntodea and formed a customary council named Kotta Pattanggota (the four corners of the region).
* Magau Ke III Daesalembah alias Madika Baka Tolu
Daesalembah child of Rendanuama (brother of Magau Yuntonulembah).
* Magau Ke IV Mariama alias Magau Dusu
Mariama the 4th child of Magau Daesalembah.
* Magau Ke V Dg. Pangipi alias Madika Beli
Dg. Pangipi child of Daeasia (Daeasia was grandchild of Yuntonulembah)
* Pemangku Jabatan Magau, Datumpedagi alias Pue Oge Nganga
Datumpedagi was step-brother of Dg. Pangipi. Appointed as a daily executive as Magau, or Magau’s temporary substitute because the 6th Magau is considered not old enough.
* 1888-1900: Magau ke VI Yangge Bodu alias Magau Pungu
Yangge Bodu was Dg’s first child. Pangipi with Andi Tondrang. Adopted by custom at the age of 12 years so appointed Wali Magau Datumpedagi to replace it temporarily. Yangge Bodu ruled from 1888-1900,
* Magau Ke VII Djaelangkara alias Mangge Dompo
Djaelangkara was the 5th descendent of Magau Daesalembah through his last child named Daetika.
* 1906-1908: Magau Ke VIII Tumpalembah alias Madika Bugi
Tumpalembah was the son of Magau Yangge Bodu, the Magau Tumpalembah leadership was short, lived only for 2 years 1906-1908.
* Magau Ke IX Labulembah alias Madika Kejo
Labulembah was the sister of Magau Djaelangkara. Labulembah ruled from 1908 to 1912,
* Magau Ke X Yoto Labulembah alias Papa Itjesale
Yoto Labulembah or better known as Yotolembah alias Papa, was a child of Magau Labulembah.
* Pemangku Jabatan Magau, Radja Tiangso
King Tiangso was sworn in as Magau official because of the legitimate heir of the Royal Throne that Lamakampali was still very young to be appointed as Magau. Radja Tiangso ruled from 1926-1930.
* 1930-1936: Magau ke XI Lamakampali Djaelangkara
Lamakampali was the son of Magau Djaelangkara. Appointed Magau in 1930 but only in 1936 Lamakampali was active in performing his duties as Magau.
History of the kingdoms in Donggala region
For history of the kingdoms in Donggala region, click here
Old maps of Sulawesi
For old maps of Sulawesi (1606, 1633, 1683, 1700, 1757, 1872, abad ke-19): klik here
Sulawesi and Maluku, 1683
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah Tawaili di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Tawaeli#Sejarah
– Daftar raja Tawaili: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Tawaeli#Daftar_Raja_Kerajaan_Tawaeli
– Sejarah Donggala: link