Sultanate of Inderapura / Prov. Sumatera Barat – Kab. Pesisir Selatan

Sultanate of Indrapura: 1347 – 1792. A kingdom of the Minangkabau People. Located in the District of Pesisir Selatan, Prov. West Sumatera.

District of Pesisir Selatan

Province of West Sumatera 


* Foto sultanate of Inderapura: link
* Foto ruins old palace of Inderapura: link
* Foto Minangkabau People: link


 

About the Sultan / revival of the sultanate in 2012

Sultan the 35th (2018): Yang Dipertuan Inderapura Sultan Indera Rahim Syah Daulat Sultan Muhammad Syah.
The Sultan was installed on 1-12-2012.

1-12-2012: More than a century the Sultanate of Inderapura seemed to be a name, no sultan or king was crowned to occupy the throne. This triumphant kingdom in Minangkabau had once dominated the area along the western coast of Sumatra in the past.
No less than 20 kings and sultans of the archipelago attended the coronation of Youdi Prayogo, SE, ME titled Sultan Indera Rahimsyah Daulat Sultan Muhammad Syah as the 35th Sultan.


History of the sultanate of Inderapura

The Sultanate of Indrapura is built on the ruins of the Old Kingdom of Inderapura, the kingdom of Teluk Air Pura which existed during century IX – XII.
There are four episodes in the history of Inderapura:
* The kingdom of Air Pura, century IX XII,
* Kingdom of Indrajati, XII century XVI (1100-1500).
* Sultanate of Indrapura, XVI century XIX (1500 – 1824)
*
Era Regen, century XIX – XX (1824-1911).

The Sultanate of Inderapura existed 1500 – 1824.
Inderapura kingdom was a kingdom, located in the South Coast district, West Sumatra province. Officially the kingdom was once a subordinate (vazal) of  the Pagaruyung Kingdom. Although in practice this royal stand-alone and free to set its domestic and foreign affairs.

Location of Inderapura


List of Kings

I Periode Inderapura, 1500 – 1824:

* Sultan Iskandar Johan Berdaulatsyah
* 1534-1556: Sultan Usmansyah Sultan Firmansyah
* 1560: Sultan Jamalul Alam YDD Sultan Sri Gegar Alamsyah Sultan Muhammadsyah
* 1600-1635: Sultan Zamzamsyah Sultan Muhammadsyah,
* 1635-1660: Sultan Khairullahsyah Sultan Muhammadsyah
* Sultan Bangun Sri Sultan Gandamsyah,
* Sri Sultan Daulat Pesisir Barat,
* 1640: Sultan Inayatsyah
* 1660-1687: Sultan Mazafarsyah
* Marah Amirullah Sultan Firmansyah.
* 1680: Sultan Muhammad Ali Akbar gelar Raja Adil
Marah Akhirullah Sultan Muhammadsyah (w.1838). Sesudah ini 2 kali Inderapura dipimpin seorang Ratu
Puti Rekna Candra Dewi.
Puti Rekna Alun (Tuanku Padusi Nan Gepuk),
* 1688-1707: Sultan Syahirullahsyah Sultan Firmansyah
* 1707-1737: Sultan Zamzamsyah Sultan Firmansyah Tuanku returning from Jawa having relationship with Kesultanan Jogyakarta
* 1774-1804: Sultan Indra Rahimsyah Sultan Muhammadsyah Tuanku returning from Jawa II
* 1804-1840: Sultan Inayatsyah Sultan Firmansyah
* 1818-1824: Sultan Muhammad Jayakarma
* Sultan Takdir Khalifatullah Inayatsyah.

II Periode Regen, 1824 – 1911 (dutch occupation):

  1. Abdul Muthalib Sultan Takdir Khalifatullahsyah (later became regent in Mukomuko, pensiun 1870).
  2. Regen Marah Yahya Ahmadsyah (1825-1857),
  3. Regen Marah Muhammad Arifin (1857-1858),
  4. Regen Marah Muhammad Baki Sultan Firman Syah (1858-1891),
  5. Regen Marah Muhammad Rusli Sultan Abdullah (1891 – 1911).

– Source: http://kesultananinderapura.blogspot.co.id/
Source:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_Raja_Inderapura#Periode_Kesultanan_Inderapura_.281500_-_1824_M.29

III Today

1 des. 2012: Installation of Youdhi Prayogo as Sultan of Inderapura the 35th.


Government of the sultanate

The king is the supreme head of government, Mangku Raja is the king’s representative. Both run the highest government in the kingdom. Mangku Bumi is the Chairman of Lembanga Penghulu Staff is the Prime Minister and his cabinet The Twenty Heads are the staff of the Penghulu Institution which also supervises the Guiding Staff of the Penghulu which is divided into their respective duties.
Rangkayo and Datuk are members of the staff of the Penghulu Institute whose position is the same as the twenty-year-old penghulu.
The Assistant auxiliary staff is a Governmental Equipment Agency in charge of:
1. Directly take care of the child’s nephew
2. Giving accountability to each member of the Staff of the Institute of Prisons.
(Source: Tambo Alam Minang Kabau – Datuk Toeah, 1926).


Ruins of the old palace

* Foto ruins old palace of Inderapura: link


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Inderapura: http://pribadibudi.blogspot.co.id/2013/05/kerajaan-inderapura.html
Sejarah kerajaan Inderapura di Wiki: Wiki
Sejarah kerajaan Inderapura:  https://wawasanislam.wordpress.com/2008/04/30/kesultanan-indrapura/
Susunan pemerintahan kerajaan Inderapura:  http://tasman1959.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/membongkar-adat-lamo-pusako-usang-70.html

– Daftar raja:  http://kesultananinderapura.blogspot.co.id/
Daftar raja:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_Raja_Inderapura#Periode_Kesultanan_Inderapura_.281500_-_1824_M.29
– Kebangkitan kesultanan, pengobatan sultan baru (1-12-2012): Wiki
Penobatan sultan baru: link


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