Kingdom of Mehara / Isl. of Sawu – Prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Mehara was a kingdom on the island of Savu. District of Sabu Raijua.

Province of Nusa Tenggara Timur


* Foto island of Savu: link
*
Foto ancient sites on Sawu: link


About the king

There is no information about the king today (2018)


History of the kingdom

There is no information about the history of this kingdom.


List of kings Mehara

1) Wele J’ami (Wele is a Savu variation of Willem or William and Welhemus or Wilhemus. First by the Dutch recognized King of Mehara (Mesara). For instance before 1717-1721)
2) 1752: Kore Wele (f.i. in 1752; son).
3) 1756-1760: Dimu Kore (Ama Loni), son,
4) 1760: Rugi Dimu King from 1760; son. Not sure if he is the same as King B’uki Dimu (see 6).
5) 1767-1781: J’aga Riwu (Fettor from 1760 & King from before 1767 until 1781).
6) 1794: B’uki Dimu (1781 (probably the sameone as mentioned in no.3) – after 1794).
7) 1832-186..: Uli B’uki (B’oeki) (known also as Ama B’ehi (Besi); son. Probably the same as Ama Behi, who was mentioned as King in 1832.
9) 1868-1893: Dju Uli (Ama Leb’e); son,
10) 1893-1914: Doko Dju (known also as (Ama Tenga) alias Dominggoes B’oeki. 1893 ruled until his death on 25/6/1914. After his death Mehara/Mesara merged with the Sawu Federation under the King of Heb’a (Seba), but retained its own rulers with a Fettor title. The crownprince, Jakob Willem B’oeki didn’t want to succeed him; son of 9.).
11) B’ole Kore (nephew) A local source becomes a certain B’ore Kole alias Benjamin B’oeki as Fettor of Mehara (Mesara) in 1940. (not certain where his place is is in the dinasty lineage).
12) Wela B’oeki (nephew).
13) Wele D’ima (2nd cousin. Was an assistant of sub-district chief) of West Savu 1968-after 197- .

The Kings (with title Fettors since 1914) becomes Fettors only after a time. The first Fettor of all Sawu becomes Fettor of Mehara (Mesara).


History of the island of Sawu

Sabu Island is also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.

Sabu is not included in the list of Majapahit Empire (12th-14th century). But in some sites and in some ancient objects, especially those on the island of Raijua, there is the title Maja.

In 1674, the VOC’s de Carper ship crashed into a rock in the Dimu area. The ship was robbed and its crew was killed. With the help of the kings or leaders of the Amarasi tribe (Timor), the Termanu (Roti) and the Seba tribe, the VOC managed to besiege Hurati’s castle in Dimu area for several months.
In 1756, the VOC signed an agreement with five areas of Sabu; Seba, Mesara, Menia, Dimu and Liae. After some people converted to Christianity in the early days of Portuguese and Dutch population, Christianization and education grew slowly in Sabu than other islands such as Roti, Timor or Flores.

Savu has strong historical ties with Hinduism in Java and the people consider themselves of Hindu origin. The society still performs traditional animistic beliefs, known as Djingi Tiu. Dutch missionaries introduced Protestantism which remains on the islands today.


Source (English)

– Royals try to come back (2010) : kerajaan indonesia
Savu royalty: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Mehara: link (tidak ada di internet lagi)
Daftar Raja: link (tidak ada di internet lagi)
————
– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Suku Sabu (Savu): http://protomalayans.blogspot.co.id/2012/11/suku-sabu-nusa-tenggara-timur.html
– Sejarah Savu: http://savuraijuatourism.com/2/page/26/sejarah
– Sejarah Savu: http://nttonlinenow.com/home/89-cerita-ntt/3912-sejarah-sabu-raijua
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html


Foto

King of Mehara with family

House of the king of Mehara