Kingdom of Selebar / Prov. Bengkulu, Sumatera

The kingdom of Selebar is located not far from the river Jenggalu, Bengkulu province, Sumatra.
This kingdom was founded in the 16th century.

Provinsi Bengkulu


* Foto kingdoms on Sumatera: link
*
Foto ancient sites on Sumatera: link


History of the kingdom

Google translation

The kingdom of Selebar is originating from the kingdom of Jenggalu and founded by a man whose name is not mentioned. There is another narration which states that the kingdom of Selebar was founded by Rangga Janu, one of the relatives of Mojopahit. Historically, the collapse of the Mojopahit Kingdom was due to the conquest of the Demak Kingdom between 1518-1521 by the Duke of Unus, some of the Mojopahit nobles who were also traders to Bengkulu.
It is in this century that Rangga Janu and his sister Rangga Beru arrived in the Bia Paku area of Jenggalu Kingdom, and settled. Then followed his younger brother Rio (Ario), who was charmed by the king, so he made him head of Bia Paku area and was given the title of Rio Kajang Sebidang. After King Jenggalo died, the people chose Rangga Janu as his successor because of his wise acts. This incident occurred around the year 1565. He moved his place to Bandar Selebar which was more strategic and profitable for trading in the bay Selebar, safe from the ferocious wave of the Indian Ocean. From that time the kingdom was known as the kingdom of Selebar, with king Rangga Janu, titled Depati Payung Negara.


List of kings

* Depati Payung Negara/Rangga Janu
* 1668: Depati Bangsa Radin
* 1710-1720: Pangeran Intan Ali I (Pangeran Ingalaga)
* 1720-1762: Pangeran Natadiraja II
* 1762-1765: Pangeran  Natadiraja III
* 1765-1831: Pangeran Natadiraja IV (Pangeran Muda)
* 1830-1864: Pangeran Natadiraja V


Pangeran (prince) Nata Dirja or Tuanku Bangsa Radin

Prince Nata Dirja or Tuanku Bangsa Radin was the king of the kingdom of Selebar which is located not far from the river Jenggalu. Prince Nata Dirja was a wise king, always thinking of the interests of his people and greatly respecting the guests. Provided that the guest were showing good intentions and maintaining courtesy.
When the Dutch empire sent its merchant ship through the Jenggalu river, the prince Nata Dirja welcomed him well because the trade envoy was about to engage in mutually beneficial cooperation.
Prince Nata Dirja welcomed them with kindness and hospitality. The Royal Dutch merchant’s delegation purchased the fruits of the people of Selebar, such as Pepper and other crops at a good price. Bandar Selebar at the mouth of the River Jenggalu increasingly crowded with the trade of crops and make people more prosperous Prosperous under the leadership of Prince Nata Dirja.
Not far from the kingdom as wide as there were two neighboring kingdoms: Sungai Hitam and Sungai Lemau; the two kingdoms had trade relations with the British Empire. It seems that Britain wanted to expand its influence and send its envoys to the kingdom of Selebar.


History of the kingdoms in Bengkulu

Google translation

In Bengkulu region in the past there were several kingdoms:
  1. Kingdom of Sungai Serut
  2. Kingdom of Selebar
  3. Kingdom of Pat Petulai
  4. Kingdom of Balai Buntar
  5. Kingdom of Sungai Lemau
  6. Kingdom of Sekiris
  7. Kingdom of Gedung Agung
  8. Kingdom of Marau Riang

Some kingdoms became vazal of the sultanate of Banten. In some areas of Bengkulu some have also been under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century. The British East India Company (EIC) had since 1685 established the Bencoolen / Coolen pepper trade center, derived from the English “Cut Land”, which means broken ground, since this bengkulu area is the most active earthquake fault zone in the world and then the warehouse in place which is now the city of Bengkulu.
At that time, the EIC expedition was led by Ralph Ord and William Cowley to find a replacement for the pepper center after the Port of Banten fell into the hands of the VOC, and the EIC was barred from trading there. The Treaty of the Empire on July 12, 1685 permitted England to erect fortresses and various commercial buildings. The York Castle was founded in 1685 around the mouth of the Serut River.
From 1714, a fortress called Marlborough was built and completed in 1719 which remains standing today. However, the company gradually realized it was not profitable, because it did not produce enough pepper.
Since the implementation of the London Agreement in 1824, Bengkulu was handed over to the Netherlands in exchange for Malacca as well as affirmation of ownership of Tumasik / Singapore and Belitung Island. Since that agreement Bengkulu became part of the Dutch East Indies.
The discovery of the gold deposit in Rejang Lebong area in the second half of the 19th century made it a gold mining center until the 20th century. Now, commercial mining activities have been discontinued since the depletion of the deposit.


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Selebar: http://blogkasihpunya.blogspot.nl/2017/01/kerajaan-selebar-bengkulu.html
– Sejarah Bengkulu (Selebar): https://bbudayaindonesia.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/sejarah-propensi-bengkulu/
– Pangeran Natadiraja: http://cerita.bengku.lu/2016/11/mengenal-pangeran-nata-dirja.html
– Silsilah raja Selebar: http://blogkasihpunya.blogspot.nl/2017/01/kerajaan-selebar-bengkulu.html