Kedatuan Dewa Awan Mas Kuning is located on the island of Sumbawa, in the region of Selesek. Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat.
About the kingdom
1520: The formation of Dewa Awan Mas Kuning.
In the year 1520 was formed a system of government with the name Dewa Awan Mas Kuning, which oversaw 7 groups of settlements. Head of government was Dewa Datu Awan Kuning and his representative was Bekek Bocek. With the mandate of Dewa Datu Awan Mas Kuning Check Bocek formed ministries namely; Ministry of Eme Dodo, Selesek (Cek Bocek), Kota Kedatuan Suri, Lebah (Kanurunan Lebah) and Beru – Jeluar (Panyeberu). Dewa Datu Awan Mas Kuning got a new name, namely Balang Kelap. The whole government was controlled by the deputy head, the Check Bocek.
In 1628 Dewa Datu Awan Mas Kuning passed away. Then the government was continued by his first son, Dato M Hatta. Dato M Hatta’s government lasted for 62 years. Year 1692, Dato M. Hatta died, then his government wascontinued by his first son named Pua ‘Dayu Usman.
– Source: http://cekbocek.blogspot.nl/2011/09/sejarah-dan-situs-peninggalan-leluhur.html
Kingdoms on Sumbawa
List of Datu’s (kings)
* 1628: Dewa Datu Awan Mas Kuning died.
* 1628-1692: The government was continued by his first son,Dato M Hatta. The government of Dato M Hatta lasted 62 years.
* 1692-1728: Government of Pua’ Dayu Usman (Pua Adat)
* 1728-1814: Ne’ adat Tunru bin Usman ruled, then the government was continued by his descendents.
* 1814-1912: H. Damhudji
* 1912-1959: ne’ adat H Damhuji.
Short history of the island of Sumbawa
The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.
In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.
Old maps of Sumbawa (Cambaua)
Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.
Source Ai Renung (only indon. language)
– Tentang situs Ai Renung: http://lombok.panduanwisata.id/beyond-lombok/sumbawa-beyond-lombok/situs-ai-renung-peninggalan-budaya-megalitik/
– Tentang situs Ai Renung: http://sumbawa-beritaphoto.blogspot.nl/2009/10/ai-renung-dulunya-sebuah-pusat-kerajaan.html
– Tentang kerajaan Ai Renung: https://ihinsolihin.wordpress.com/sastra/mengenang-kembali-kerajaan-ai-renung/
Source history island of Sumbawa (only indon. language)
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: https://ihinsolihin.wordpress.com/artikel/sejarah-raja-pemerintahan-di-sumbawa/
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://sejarahini.blogspot.co.id/2013/06/sejarah-singkat-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://www.galeribudaya.com/2017/10/sejarah-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://lsotour.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/sejarah-singkat-sumbawa.html