Kingdom of Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu, / Prov. Sumatera Barat

The Kingdom of Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu was founded in the 16th century. It is a kingdom of the Minangkabau people. Located in the district of Solok Selatan, prov. of West Sumatera.

Location district Solok Selatan, provinsi Sumatera Barat

* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings on Sumatera in the past: link

* Foto kingdoms in Simalungun area: link
* Foto small kingdoms in Aceh in the past: link

* Foto Minangkabau People: link
* Foto Batak People: link
* Foto old sites on Sumatera: link

About the king

In 2012 the last king died: Zulkarnain Daulat Yang Dipertuan Bagindo Sultan Besar Tuanku Rajo Disambah.
There is not yet a successor.

Nowadays, the kingdom of Sungai Pagu is in vacuum after the death (2012) of Zulkarnain Daulat Yang Dipertuan Bagindo Sultan Agung Tuanku Rajo Disambah.

The late king of Alam Surambi, Zulkarnaen doing traditional activities during his lifetime

History of the kingdom

The Kingdom of the River Pagu was a kingdom that existed in the 16th century in the area of South Solok now. This kingdom was founded by Minangkabau descendants of Pagaruyung. The complete name of this kingdom is the Kingdom of Nature Surambi Sungai Pagu.
This kingdom was located near Pasir Talang (Solok Selatan) and the area of Bandar Sepuluh. This kingdom stretched from Surian to the shoreline of XII Koto (Sangir).
Currently, after the death of the deceased Zulkarnain Daulat Yang Di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Sultan Bagindo Disambah Rajo, there is a vacuum.

Black: the Minangkabau People

The basic tribal structure of the Raja and Penghulu Kingdom of Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu (KASSP)

In the book Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu and the diary of Puti Lelo Jati Bundo Kanduang Daulat Yang Dipertuan Bagindo Sultan Besar Tuanku Rajo Disambah, it is explained, that those, who lead KASSP are four kings, who  have different powers, such as:

* Bagindo Sultan Besar Tuanku Rajo (Rajo Daulat / Rajo Alam).
* Tuanku Rajo Bagindo (Rajo adat, economy and ruler of Tambo Alam).
* Tuanku Rajo Malenggang (taking care of Customs / Excise / Taxes in Banda nan Sapuluah / guarding the Palimo people).
* Tuanku Rajo Batuah (Rajo Ibadat, guarding, looking for mines to the Abu and Palangki Rivers).

Old maps of Sumatera

For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here

Sumatera, tahun 1707

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Pagu
Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Pagu di Wiki: Wiki
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Pagu:
Tentang raja Sungai Pagu:
Struktur Kerajaan Sungai Pagu:

– Tentang Istana Balun: link


The palace of the kingdom

Interior of the palace

Wall decorations of the palace

Blog at

%d bloggers like this: