The Sultanate of Samudra Pasai: 1267-1521.
This sultanate is also known as Samudra Darussalem, or Samudera Pasai. Located on Sumatera, in the province of Aceh, near the city of Kota Lhokseumawe.
City of Lhokseumawe
* Foto Kesultanan Samudra Pasai: link
History of the sultanate of Samudra Pasai, 1267–1521
Substantial evidence of Islam in Indonesia begins only in northern Sumatra at the end of the 13th century. Two small Muslim trading kingdoms existed by that time at Pasai and Peureulak or Perlak. A 1297 royal tomb at Samudra is inscribed entirely in Arabic. By the 15th century several harbour kingdoms developed, all ruled by local Muslim princes, from the north coast of Java and elsewhere to as far east as Ternate and Tidore in Maluku. Marco Polo spent five months here, he had Ferlec, Basma, and Samara (Samudera) mentioned in his travel story.
The establishment of the first Muslim centres in Indonesia was probably a result of commercial circumstances. By the 13th century the collapse of Srivijayan power, drew foreign traders to harbours on the northern Sumatran shores of the Bay of Bengal, safe from the pirate lairs at the southern end of the Strait of Malacca. Northern Sumatra had a hinterland rich in gold and forest produce, and pepper was being cultivated at the beginning of the 15th century. It was accessible to all the merchants of the archipelago who wanted to meet ships from the Indian Ocean.
In the year 1345, Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan traveller visited Samudra Pasai where he notes in his travel log that the ruler of Samudera Pasai was a pious Muslim. At that time Samudera Pasai was the end of Dar al-Islam for no territory east of this was ruled by a Muslim ruler.
By the end of the 14th century, Samudra-Pasai had become a wealthy commercial centre, giving way in the early 15th century to the better protected harbour of Malacca on the south-west coast of the Malay Peninsula. Majapahit attacked and looted the place in the middle of the 14th century.
Pasai’s economic and political power depended almost entirely on foreigners. Muslim traders and teachers probably participated in its administration from the beginning and were bound to introduce religious practices that made them feel at home. The first Muslim beachheads in Indonesia, especially Pasai, were to a considerable extent genuine Muslim creations that commanded the loyalty of the local population and encouraged scholarly activities. Similar new harbour kingdoms formed on the northern coast of Java.
Tomé Pires, author of the Suma Oriental, writing not long after 1511, stresses the obscure ethnic origins of the founders of Cheribon, Demak, Japara, and Gresik. These Javanese coastal states served commerce with India and China and especially with Malacca, an importer of Javanese rice. The rulers of Malacca, despite their prestigious Srivijayan origin, accepted Islam precisely to attract Muslim and Javanese traders to their port.
The Portuguese occupied Pasai in 1521, 10 years after their conquest of Malacca. Through the Portuguese, the place become known in Europe as Pacem. Later, the Acehnese took control of Pasai.
Territory of power of the sultanate of Samudera Pasai
List of kings
* 1267 – 1297: Sultan Malikussaleh (Meurah Silu)
* 1297 – 1326: Sultan Al-Malik azh-Zhahir I / Muhammad I
* 1326 – 133?: Sultan Ahmad I
* 133? – 1349: Sultan Al-Malik azh-Zhahir II
* 1349 – 1406: Sultan Zainal Abidin I Diserang Majapahit
* 1406 – 1428: Ratu Nahrasyiyah
* 1428 – 1438: Sultan Zainal Abidin II
* 1438 – 1462: Sultan Shalahuddin
* 1462 – 1464: Sultan Ahmad II
* 1464 – 1466: Sultan Abu Zaid Ahmad III
* 1466 – 1466: Sultan Ahmad IV
* 1466 – 1468: Sultan Mahmud
* 1468 – 1474: Sultan Zainal Abidin III
* 1474 – 1495: Sultan Muhammad Syah II
* 1495 – 1495: Sultan Al-Kamil
* 1495 – 1506: Sultan Adlullah
* 1506 – 1507: Sultan Muhammad Syah III
* 1507 – 1509: Sultan Abdullah
* 1509 – 1514: Sultan Ahmad V
* 1514 – 1517: Sultan Zainal Abidin IV
– Sumber / Source: Wiki
Grave of the founder of Pasai
The tomb of the King of Islam (Malikussaleh), is an archaeological site that is quite monumental in the archipelago, even in Southeast Asia. This is the grave of the founder of the Islamic Kingdom of Pasai Ocean named Meurah Silu Malik al-Saleh or better known as Malikussaleh, he was the first king of the Pasai Ocean Kingdom who once spread Islam in Southeast Asia (1270-1297 AD).
* For more foto’s: link
Sumber Samudra Pasai
– Sejarah kerajaan Samudra Pasai di Wiki: link
– Sejarah kerajaan Samudra Pasai: http://sejarahanda.blogspot.co.id/2012/05/sejarah-kerajaan-samudra-pasai.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Samudra Pasai: http://sejarahbudayanusantara.weebly.com/kerajaan-samudra-pasai.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Samudra Pasai: http://www.ilmudasar.com/2016/10/Sejarah-Berdirinya-Runtuhnya-Kehidupan-Peninggalan-Kerajaan-Samudera-Pasai-Adalah.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Samudra Pasai: https://balubu.com/kerajaan-samudera-pasai/
– Daftar Raja: Wiki