Sultanate of Cirebon / West Jawa – Kab. Cirebon

The sultanate of Cirebon, 1522 – 1677. Located on West Java.
The Cirebon Sultanate was founded in 1552 by the commander of the Demak sultanate.
In 1667 there was a split of the sultanate.
The division of the Cirebon sultanate officially took place in 1679.

Location of Cirebon


Line of kingdoms on Jawa: link


Foto kingdoms on Jawa

* Foto sultans and raja’s, still on Jawa link
* Foto keratons (palaces) still on Jawa: link
* Foto Batavia (Jakarta) in the past: link
* Foto Jawa in the past: link
* Attack on Batavia by Sultan Agung, 1628/1628: link
* Foto Diponegoro war, 1825: link
* Foto old sites on Jawa: link


Video history kingdoms on Jawa

– Video rulers of the sultanate of Mataram, 1556 – 2020: link
– Video history of the sultanate of Mataram, 1576-2020: link
– Video history of the kingdom of Medang Mataram Hindu, 752 – 1045: link
– Video history of the kingdom of Majapahit, 1293 – 1527: link
– Video rulers of Majapahit until the sultanate of Mataram, 1293 – 1587: link
– Video history of kingdoms on East Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link
– Video history of kingdoms on West Jawa, 3000 BC – 2020: link
– Video history of kingdoms on Central Jawa, 1.5 million BC – 2020: link


SULTANATE OF CIREBON

History of the sultanate of Cirebon, 1522 – 1677

The Sultanate of Cirebon was an Islamic sultanate in West Java founded in the 15th century. It is said to have been founded by Sunan Gunungjati, marked by his letter proclaiming Cirebon’s independence from Pajajaran in 1482, although the settlement and the polity had been established earlier in 1445. Sunan Gunungjati also established the Sultanate of Banten. It was one of the earliest Islamic states established in Java, along with the Sultanate of Demak.

The sultanate’s capital lay around the modern day city of Cirebon on Java’s northern coast. Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, the sultanate thrived and became a major regional centre of trade and commerce, as well as a prominent centre of Islamic learning.

The first partition of Cirebon lineage took place in 1677, all three sons of Panembahan Girilaya inherited the remnant of Sultanate of Cirebon. Three princes ascended their offices as Sultan Sepuh, Sultan Anom, and Panembahan Cirebon. The change of the Panembahan title to Sultan because the title was bestowed by Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa of Banten.

* Sultan Kasepuhan, Prince Martawijaya, with official regal title Sultan Sepuh Abil Makarimi Muhammad Samsudin (1677-1703) ruled Keraton Kasepuhan,,
* Sultan Kanoman, Prince Kartawijaya, with official regal title Sultan Anom Abil Makarimi Muhammad Badrudin (1677-1723) ruled Kraton Kanoman,
* Panembahan Keprabonan Cirebon, Prince Wangsakerta, with official title Pangeran Abdul Kamil Muhammad Nasarudin or Panembahan Tohpati (1677-1713) ruled Keraton Keprabonan.

The second partition of Cirebon. For more than a century, the succession of Cirebon lineages was conducted without any significant problems. However, by the end Sultan Anom IV reign (1798-1803), Keraton Kanoman faces succession disputes. One of the prince, Pangeran Raja Kanoman, demand his share of throne and separate the kingdom by forming his own, Keraton Kacirebonan.

Partition of the sultanate


Sources of the sultanate

Most of the history of Cirebon Sultanate was found in a local Javanese chronicle known as Babad. Some notable chronicles that focused on the history of Cirebon are Carita Purwaka Caruban Nagari and Babad Cerbon. Foreign sources also mentioned Cirebon, such as Tomé Pires’ Suma Oriental, written in 1512-1515. The later period of the sultanate documented from the colonial Dutch East Indies sources. Other than recording its own history, one of the royal houses of Cirebon, especially Keraton Keprabonan led by Wangsakerta princes, also actively recorded and researched the history of Java by collecting old manuscripts.


List of sultans

* 1445-1479 Pangeran Cakrabuana (Sultan Cirebon I)
* 1479-1568 Sunan Gunung Jati (Sultan Cirebon II)
* 1568-1570 Fatahillah (Sultan Cirebon III)
* 1570-1649 Panembahan Ratu I (Sultan Cirebon IV)
* 1649-1677 Panembahan Ratu II (Sultan Cirebon V)

With the death of Panembahan Girilaya, Cirebon was left without a monarch.

The first partition of Cirebon lineage took place in 1677, all three sons of Panembahan Girilaya inherited the remnant of Sultanate of Cirebon. Three princes ascended their offices as Sultan Sepuh, Sultan Anom, and Panembahan Cirebon. The change of the Panembahan title to Sultan because the title was bestowed by Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa of Banten.

* Sultan Kasepuhan, Prince Martawijaya, with official regal title Sultan Sepuh Abil Makarimi Muhammad Samsudin (1677-1703) ruled Keraton Kasepuhan,
* Sultan Kanoman, Prince Kartawijaya, with official regal title Sultan Anom Abil Makarimi Muhammad Badrudin (1677-1723) ruled Keraton Kanoman,
* Panembahan Keprabonan Cirebon, Prince Wangsakerta, with official title Pangeran Abdul Kamil Muhammad Nasarudin or Panembahan Tohpati (1677-1713) ruled Keraton Keprabonan.

The second partition of Cirebon. For more than a century, the succession of Cirebon lineages was conducted without any significant problems. However, by the end Sultan Anom IV reign (1798-1803), Keraton Kanoman faces succession disputes. One of the prince, Pangeran Raja Kanoman, demand his share of throne and separate the kingdom by forming his own, Kesultanan Kacirebonan.


Source (english)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultanate_of_Cirebon
http://historian-sholeh.blogspot.co.id/2011/01/cirebon-kingdom.html

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Cirebon di: Wiki
Sejarah kesultanan Cirebon: http://buletinmadubranta.blogspot.co.id/2012/09/kesultanan-cirebon.html
– Sejarah kesultanan Cirebon: http://duniapusaka.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=816
Sejarah kesultanan Cirebon: http://www.bimbie.com/sejarah-kesultanan-cirebon.htm
– Caruban, cikal bakal kesultanan Cirebon: https://sultansinindonesieblog.wordpress.com/java-today/caruban-cikal-bakal-kesultanan-cirebon-jawa/


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