The kingdom of Payangan was located on Bali, Kab. Gianyar, kecamatan Payangan.
Location of Payangan
Location of Bali
* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link
History of the kingdom
The history of Payangan is closely related to the story of Rsi Markandya’s journey from Java to Bali. He established several parahyangan / holy places of Hindus as a place of worship that can still be seen until today. Here then comes the word parahyangan gradually changed the spelling to Payangan. Parahyangan itself means the place where the gods reside.
In Payangan district once was a kingdom of the same name that was the Kingdom of Payangan (1735 – 1843). The collapse of this kingdom is caused by attacks from the Kingdom of Buleleng which later this story is written in the script geguritan uwug payangan which until now still is stored in Gedong Kirtya Singaraja.
Kingdoms on Bali 1900 (incl. Payangan)
List of kings
1) Raja Payangan I : Ida Cokorde Made Sukawati, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Made Sukawati
2) Raja Payangan II : Ida Cokorde Gede Anom, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Anom.
3) Raja Payangan III : Ida Cokorde Putu Melinggih, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Rangki.
4) Raja Payanga IV : Ida Cokorde Gede Oka, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Gede Agung Gede Oka.
5) Raja Payangan V : Ida Cokorde Gede Rai, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Gede Rai.
6) Raja Payangan VI : Ida Cokorde Gede Oka, with the title: Ida Dewa Agung Gede Oka Putra.
Puri (palaces) on Bali
Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.
Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.
Entrance-gate of the Puri Saren Agung in Ubud
Pura (temples) on Bali
A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple
Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.
Old maps of Bali
Bali, 16th century
– Sejarah kerajaan Payangan: http://idabagusbajra.blogspot.co.id/2015/10/purana-pura-dalem-cemeng-payangan.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Payangan: http://lovepayangan.blogspot.co.id/2011/03/silsilah-raja-raja-kerajaan-payangan.html
– Kerajaan Payangan di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payangan,_Gianyar