Kingdom of Ai Renung / Isl. of Sumbawa – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The kingdom of Ai Renung is located on Sumbawa, sub-district Moyo Hulu, District of Sumbawa. 14th Century.

Sub-district Moyo Hulu


Location of Sumbawa

Foto kingdoms on Sumbawa

* Foto kings in the past on Sumbawa: link
* Foto kings still on Sumbawa: link
* Foto palaces on Sumbawa: link

* Foto old sites on Sumbawa: link

* Video history of Sumbawa and NTB, 40.000 BC – today: link

* Line of kingdoms on Sumbawa: link


About Ai Renung

Google translation

Ai Renung site is located in the rice field of Ai-renung. Around this place there was once a village called Ai Renung not far from Batu Tering Village, Kec.Moyo Hulu. Nini Kaki or the ancestors of Batu Tering Village community came from Ai Renung. Formerly Ai Renung Village was a large and central village of a small kingdom in the region Moyo Hulu. Here supposedly reigned a king namely Datu Ai Renung. Some Batu Tering people call this village as ‘loka’ village (old village) and some even call it “Talo village” or the village where the resident moved to Batu Tering Village now.

The site Ai Renung is the first site found in Sumbawa Regency. Dinullah Rayes (Kabid Culture of Sumbawa Regency) and Drs. Made Purusa (Balai Arkeologi Denpasar) managed to find it through research in 1971. In the first study they only found 3 pieces sarcophagus or stone tomb. While in subsequent research found the same type until finally now collected a total of 7 sarcophagus.
Photo site Ai Renung below!

Kingdoms on Sumbawa

Short history of the island of Sumbawa

The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.

In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.

Old map of Sumbawa (Cambaua)

Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.

Pulau Sumbawa 1615

Source Ai Renung (only indon. language)

– Tentang situs Ai Renung:
– Tentang situs Ai Renung:
– Tentang kerajaan Ai Renung:

Source history island of Sumbawa (only indon. language)

– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa:
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa:
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa:
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa:


Site of Ai Renung

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