Kingdom of Amanuban / Isl. of Timor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Amanuban; located on the island of Timor, district South Central Timor.
Amanuban was already mentioned in dutch sources in 1613.

Location of Timor


District Timor Tengah Selatan

* Foto kingdom of Amanuban: link 

* Foto kings today onTimor: link
* Foto kings of Timor in the past: link

* Foto old sites on Timor: link

* Video history Timor and NTT, century 1 AD – today: link


About the king

Present king: Raja Louis Nope (?)
From kerajaan indonesia: Saturday 6 october 2012 Louis Nope, the cousin of late king Nesy Nope, will be installed in Niki Niki as new raja.

History of the kingdom

Amanuban was a traditional princedom in West Timor, Indonesia. It lay in the regency (kabupaten) Timor Tengah Selatan. In the late colonial period, according to an estimate in 1930, Amanuban covered 2,075 square kilometers. The centre of the princedom since the 19th century was Niki-Niki. The population belongs to the Atoni group. Today they are predominantly Protestants, with a significant Catholic minority and some Muslims.

The ancestor of the royal line is said to have come from Roti island, west of Timor. Amanuban is mentioned in Dutch sources as early as 1613, when the Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC) first approached Timor. Amanuban had resources of sandalwood, which was the main Western interest on the island. The Dutch concluded a contract with the King of Amanuban in 1616, but the princedom came under the influence of the Portuguese, political and commercial rivals of the Dutch. This influence lasted up to 1748. During this period there was intermittent warfare with the VOC enclave around Kupang in westernmost Timor. A political crisis in 1748 turned a number of Atoni princedoms, including Amanuban, against the Topasses or Portuguese Eurasians on Timor. After the Topass defeat at the hand of the VOC in November 1749, the territory of Amanuban was included in the Dutch political alliance network.

After 1770 dynastic disputes led to a split. The larger part of Amanuban joined the prince Tobani who ruled independently of the Dutch. His son Louis (c. 1807-c. 1824) led a violently anti-Dutch policy and trained a large mounted corps of warriors with firearms. The Dutch (and the British during the 1812-1816 interregnum) sent a number of armed expeditions against Louis, without much success. In later tradition Louis is pointed out as the founder of the royal seat (sonaf) Niki-Niki. After his death the coherence of Amanuban declined.

The last independent king, Bil Nope alias Hau Sufa Leu (c. 1870-1910) befriended the encroaching Dutch colonial authorities in the early years of the 20th century. However, the arrogant stance of the local Dutch officer caused anti-colonial resistance. Finally Bil Nope died in the flames of his residence in Niki-Niki in October 1910. In modern Indonesia he is regarded as an anti-colonial hero.

List of kings

1. Olak Mali.
2. Ol Banu.
3. Bil Banu.
4. Tu Banu.
5. Louis I ( Tunbes).
6. Bill ( Pili).
7. Don Louis II, dimakamkan di Boti.
8. 1786-1808: Tubani
9. 1808-1824: Don Louis III
10. 1824-1862: Baki Nope / Baki Klus. Makam Son Nain
11. 1862-1910: Sanu Nope, dimakamkan di Son Nain.
12. 1870-1910: Bil Nope – Sufa Leu
13. 1911-1920: Noni Nope
14. 1920-1946: Pae Nope
15. 1946-1949: Leu – Johan Paulus Nope
16. 1950-1958: Kusa Nope
– Sumber:

Ganealogi Amanuban and Amanatun

Amanuban - Amanatun

Palace kingdom of Amanuban: Sonaf Sonbesi

Old maps of Timor

For old maps of Timor 1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733, 1700-an, 1762, 1900: klik here

Timor 1521

7) Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Amanuban di Wiki: link
Sejarah kerajaan Amanuban:
– Sisa sisa kerajaan Amanuban di Sonaf Niki Niki:
Daftar raja:
– Raja Soefa Leoe:


– History Amanuban on Wiki: link
List of kings:

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