The kingdom of Salurang was located on the island of Sangihe, Kab. Kepulauan Sangihe, provinsi Sulawesi Utara.
The centre of this kingdom was in Manuwe around 1500 and under the rule of Kulane Bulega Langi son of Kulane Melintang Nusa.
Location of Sangihe
Location of Sangihe
* Foto kingdoms on the island of Sangihe: link
History of the kingdom of Salurang
The first Kulano (king) of Tampunganlawo was named Gumansalangi, and his wife was named Ondoasa who also was called Sangiangkonda or Kondowulaeng.
Gumansalangi was a Crown Prince of the Sultan in Kotabato (South Mindanao) late in the 12th century. According to his father’s message, Gumansalangi with his wife Ondaasa had to move out of Kotabato with the intention that they could establish a new kingdom on the East.
So, they departed from Kotabato by using the SAKTI ULAR Boat stop at Wiarulung (Balut Island), then headed south to Mandolokang Island (Tagulandang), and on this island they did not descend, but they went directly via Siau Island to Tampunganglawo. They were followed by the brother of Andoasa named Prince Bawangunglara.
In Tabukan Selatan they landed at a place called Saluhe Beach. Since Gumansalangi was a Kulano or King, the place where they landed changed its name by the inhabitants there into SALUHANG.
SALUHANG then changed to SALURANG until now.
In the 13th century, they established a new kingdom in Salurang and its territory reached Marulang.
After the kingdom of Salurang existed, Prince Bawangunglaro with his SAKTI ULAR boat went on his journey back to the Northeast and he arrived at Talaud which is on Kabaruan Island in one place that was named Prince until now.
After the departure of Bawangunglaro to Talaud, Gumansalangi and his wife did not settle again in Salurang, and the place was only made Government Center. They moved to the summit of Mount Sahendarumang and settled there.
After they were in this place, there was always heard sounds of thunder and lightning that emanate from the summit of the mountain, so Gumansalangi named MEDELLU which means GUNTUR which reads and Ondaasa named MEKILA which means glittering luminous and to date both names have been not changed anymore. Gumansalangi and Ondaasa have 2 children namely Melintang Nusa and Meliku Nusa.
After his two sons grew up, the Royal Government of Salurang was handed over to his eldest son, Melintang Nusa in 1350, while his youngest son Meliku Nusa went to the South and arrived at Bolaangmangondow; he married Menongsangiang (Princess Bolaangmangondow) and he settled there until death.
A brief history of the kingdoms on the Sangihe Islands
Between 1000 and 1600 the Sangihe archipelago had 4 kingdoms (Kararatuang) which existed before the arrival of the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch, namely:
1) Bowongtehu Kingdom,
2) Kingdom of Tamungan Lawo (Sangihe),
3) Mohonsohowang Kingdom,
4) Karangetang Kingdom (Siau).
Around 1670 nine kingdoms appeared in Sangihe, namely:
– Kendahe Kingdom,
– Kingdom of Taruna,
– Kingdom of Kolongan,
– Manganitu Kingdom,
– The Kingdom of Kauhis,
– The Kingdom of Limes,
– The Kingdom of the Tabs,
– Kingdom of Sawang (Saban) and
– Tamako Kingdom.
However, the last kingdom (Tamako) became part of Siau.
Meanwhile, the king of Limau was defeated by Padtbrugge’s troops. This kingdom was destroyed.
Sawang joined the Taruna Kingdom and the Kolongan Kingdom.
Kauhis joined Manganitu.
In 1898 the Kendahe Kingdom and the Taruna Kingdom were merged into one. In these two regions, in 1919, King Soleman Ponto ruled with his center in the present-day Kota Tahuna.
In the 1900s only six kingdoms emerged:
– The Kingdom of Tabukan,
– Kingdom of Manganitu,
– Kingdom of Siau,
– Kingdom of Kendahe and
– Kingdom of Tagulandang Kingdom, Talaud in 1922,
– Kingdom of Kandhar Taruna.
Source Salurang (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Salurang: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipin
Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.
Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894