Kingdom of Klungkung / Bali

The kingdom of Klungkung: 1668–1950. Located in the district of  Klungkung, province of Bali.

Location ofKlungkung

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Location of Bali


* Foto kingdom of Klungkung: link
Foto palace Klungkung, Kerta Gosa: link
* Video cremation queen of Klungkung (2014): link

* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link


Present Cokorda (King)

Tjokorda Gde Agung Semaraputra. Installed october 2010.


History of the kingdom of Klungkung, 1668–1950

Klungkung kingdom was a kingdom in the southern part of Bali which, was established around the mid 14th century.At the time of the kingdom, Klungkung became the centre of the balinese kings.  The kings of Klungkung were the direct heirs and descendants of the dynasty Krishna Kepakisan. Therefore the Klungkung history is closely linked with the kings, who ruled in Samprangan and Gelgel. During the Kepakisan dynasty, the centre of the kingdom was moved twice. (1350-1908 years):

First from Samprangan to Gelgel, 14th century. Ruling kings: Dalem Ketut Nglesir,Dalem Waturenggong, Dalem Bekung, Dalem Segening, and Dalem DiMade.
Second: from Gelgel to the center of Klungkung kingdom in Semarapura  (century 17-20) with the kings Dewa Agung Jambe, Dewa Agung Made, Dewa Agung Di Madya, Sri Agung Sakti, Sri Agung Putra Kusamba, and Dewa Agung Istri Kania.

The Klungkung kingdom reached its peak from the 14- 17th century under the rule of Dalem Waturenggong with center at the royal palace Gelgel;  it had jurisdiction to Lombok and Blambangan.

The Dutch intervention in Bali in 1908 marked the final phase of Dutch colonial control over the island of Bali in Indonesia. It was the seventh and last military intervention in Bali, following the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906).
The dutch  intervention was triggered by a Balinese revolt against a Dutch attempt to impose an opium monopoly in their favour. The raja of Karangasem opposed the monopoly, leading to riots in the capital of Klungkung. Riots also erupted in Gelgel, when the Balinese killed a Javanese opium dealer.
The Dutch sent troops to quell the riots. In Gelgel, they killed 100 Balinese, forcing the Raja to flee to Klungkung. The Dutch then bombarded the city of Klungkung.

Kingdoms on Bali in the 19th century

List of kings (Dewa Agung)

1) 1686-c. 1722: Dewa Agung Jambe I
2) c. 1722-1736: Dewa Agung Gede
3) c. 1722-1736: Dewa Gede Agung
4) 1736-c. 1760: Dewa Agung Made
5) c. 1760-1790: Dewa Agung Śakti
6) c. 1790-1809: Dewa Agung Putra I Kusamba
7) 1809-1814: Regent: Gusti Ayu Karang
8) 1814–1850: Dewa Agung Putra II
9) 1851–1903: Dewa Agung Putra III Bhatara Dalem
10) 1903–1908: Dewa Agung Jambe II
11) 1929–1950: Dewa Agung Oka Geg

– Sumber: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerajaan_Klungkung#Daftar_Raja_dan_Ratu_Klungkung


Palaces in Klungkung

There are 2 palaces in Klungkung:

1) Puri Agung Semarapura

The Klungkung Palace, officially Puri Agung Semarapura, is a historical building complex situated in Semarapura, the capital of the Klungkung Regency (kabupaten) on Bali, Indonesia. The palace (puri) was erected at the end of the 17th century, but largely destroyed during the Dutch colonial conquest in 1908. Today the basic remains of the palace are the court of justice, the Kertha Gosa Pavilion, and the main gate that bears the date Saka 1622 (AD 1700). Within the old palace compound is also a floating pavilion, the Bale Kembang. The descendants of the rajas that once ruled Klungkung today live in Puri Agung, a residence to the west of the old palace, which was built after 1929.

* Foto of the old palace of Klungkung, Kerta Gosa: link

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2) Puri Agung Klungkung

Puri Agung Klungkung is the private seat of the king of Klungkung

Pintu gerbang Puri Agung Klungkung. di sebelah utara Kertagosa.


Puri (palaces) on Bali

Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.

Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.

Entrance-gate of the Puri Saren Agung in Ubud

puri saren ubud


Pura (temples) on Bali

A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple

Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.


Source

– History of Klungkung: http://www.baliblog.com/places-to-go/history-of-klungkung-bali.html
– About the Kertagosa Palace: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klungkung_Palace

– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom

– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bal