The kingdom of Gianyar: 1771-1950. Located in the district of Gianyar, province of Bali.
Location of Gianyar
* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link
About the king
Present Cokorda (King): Dr. Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, who is a descendant of the Manggis Dynasty, his father was the national hero Dr. Mr. Anak Agung Gde Agung.
History of the kingdom of Gianyar, 1771 – 1950
The Griya Anyar palace establishment or which later became the Puri Agung Gianyar, was inaugurated with a ceremony on 19 April 1771, and has signaled the birth of a new kingdom, which was ruled by Ida Anak Agung I Dewa Manggis Api or also called I Dewa Manggis Sakti.
After being crowned as king, he held the title I Dewa Manggis IV, as the first king of the Kingdom of Gianyar (Gianyar King I). The Puri Agung Gianyar as the king’s palace then became the center of the capital of the kingdom.
After I Dewa Manggis Sakti passed away as the founder of the kingdom of Gianyar that was fully sovereign, the heir of the throne passed to the crown prince (Ida I Dewa Manggis Di Madia) who had the title I Dewa Manggis V as the King of Gianyar II.
Dewa Manggis V reigned 1814-1839 AD. After he died, he replaced by the crown prince (Ida I Dewa Manggis Di Rangki) who held the title I Dewa Manggis VI as the King of Gianyar III, and ruled from 1839 to 1847 AD.
Since July 1, 1938, the areas in Bali were designated as autonomous regions (Swapraja), each headed by Zelfbestuurders. Ida Anak Agung Ngurah Agung as a King (zelfbestuurders) Gianyar, together with the kings of other autonomous regions in Bali were inducted with honors in Besakih temple on June 29, 1938.
During the Japanese occupation in Gianyar which started on February 23, 1942, the kingdom was still led by King Gianyar, Ida Anak Agung Ngurah Agung. On August 23, 1943, his son, who was named Ida Anak Agung Gede Agung, was sworn in as king (Syutjo) Gianyar; he succeeded his father and ruled until the end of the Japanese population in 1945.
For the complete history, click here
List of kings
* Dewa Manggis I Kuning (chief of the desa Pahang)
* Dewa Manggis II Pahang (chief of the desa Pahang), child of Dewa Manggis Kuning
* Dewa Manggis III Bengkel (chief of the desa Bengkel), child of Dewa Manggis Pahang
* 1771-1788: Dewa Manggis IV Jorog (Raja Gianyar), child of Dewa Manggis Bengkel
* 1788-1820: Dewa Manggis V di Madya, child of Dewa Manggis Jorog
* 1820-1847: Dewa Manggis VI di Rangki, child of Dewa Manggis di Madya
* 1847-1884: Dewa Manggis VII di Satria (died 1891), child of Dewa Manggis di Rangki
Under the rule of the kingdom of Klungkung 1884-1891
* 1891-1896: Dewa Pahang, child of Dewa Manggis di Satria
* 1896-1912: Dewa Manggis VIII (Dewa Gede Raka s.d. 1908), brother of Dewa Pahang
* 1913-1943: Ide Anak Agung Ngurah Agung (title: Dewa Manggis; changed the title to: Anak Agung, 1913-1943), child of Dewa Manggis VIII
* 1943-1946: Ide Anak Agung Gede Agung (died 1999), child of AA Ngurah Agung
* 1946-1950: Ide Anak Agung Gede Oka, brother of IAA Gede Agung
Gianyar was united with the Republik Indonesia in 1950.
Palace: Puri Agung Gianyar
236 years ago, April 19, 1771, when Gianyar was chosen to be the name of a palace (Puri Agung) by Ida Dewa Manggis Sakti, a sovereign and autonomous kingdom was born and participated in the royal power in Bali.
The functioning of a palace, namely Puri Agung Gianyar which has been determined by the niskala sekala condition that falls on April 19, 1771, is a milestone that has been built by the king (Ida Anak Agung) Gianyar I, Ida Dewata Manggis Sakti.
* Foto Palace Puri Agung Gianyar: link
Puri (palaces) on Bali
Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.
Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.
Entrance-gate of the Puri Saren Agung in Ubud
Pura (temples) on Bali
A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple
Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.
Old maps of Bali
Bali 16th century
Kingdoms on Bali 19th century
– History of Gianyar: http://www.baliglory.com/2016/10/gianyar-bali.html#history
– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom
– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali