Kingdom of Gianyar / Bali

The kingdom of Gianyar: 1771-1950. Located in the district of Gianyar, province of Bali.


* Foto kingdom of Gianyar: link
* Foto palace: Puri Agung Gianyar: link


About the king

Present Cokorda (King): Dr. Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, yang merupakan keturunan Dinasti manggis, ayah beliau adalah Pahlawan Nasional Dr. Mr. Anak Agung Gde Agung.


History of the kingdom of Gianyar

The Griya Anyar palace establishment or who later became Puri Agung Gianyar, which was inaugurated with a ceremony on 19 April 1771, has signaled the birth of a new kingdom, which is ruled by Ida Anak Agung I Dewa Manggis Api or also called I Dewa Manggis Sakti.

After being crowned as king, he holds the title I Dewa Manggis IV, as the first king of the Kingdom of Gianyar (Gianyar King I). The Puri Agung Gianyar as the king’s palace then became the center of the capital of the kingdom.
After I Dewa Manggis Sakti passed away as the founder of the kingdom of Gianyar that is fully sovereign, and then the heir of the throne passed to the crown prince (Ida I Dewa Manggis Di Madia) who holds the title I Dewa Manggis V as the King of Gianyar II.
Dewa Manggis V reigned in 1814-1839 AD. After he died, then replaced by the crown prince (Ida I Dewa Manggis Di Rangki) who holds the title I Dewa Manggis VI as the King of Gianyar III, who ruled from 1839 to 1847 AD.

Since July 1, 1938, the areas in Bali designated as autonomous regions (Swapraja), each headed by Zelfbestuurders. Ida Anak Agung Ngurah Agung as a King (zelfbestuurders) Gianyar, together with the kings of other autonomous regions in Bali inducted with honors in Besakih temple on June 29, 1938.

During the Japanese occupation in Gianyar which started on February 23, 1942, the kingdom is still led by King Gianyar, Ida Anak Agung Ngurah Agung. Then on August 23, 1943, his son who was named Ida Anak Agung Gede Agung was sworn in as king (Syutjo) Gianyar succeeded his father and ruled until the end of the Japanese population in 1945.
For the complete history, click here


List of kings

* Dewa Manggis I Kuning (chief of the desa Pahang)
* Dewa Manggis II Pahang (chief of the desa Pahang), child of Dewa Manggis Kuning
* Dewa Manggis III Bengkel (chief of the desa Bengkel), child of Dewa Manggis Pahang
* 1771-1788: Dewa Manggis IV Jorog (Raja Gianyar), child of Dewa Manggis Bengkel
* 1788-1820: Dewa Manggis V di Madya, child of Dewa Manggis Jorog
* 1820-1847: Dewa Manggis VI di Rangki, child of Dewa Manggis di Madya
* 1847-1884: Dewa Manggis VII di Satria (died 1891), child of Dewa Manggis di Rangki

Under the rule of the kingdom of Klungkung 1884-1891

* 1891-1896: Dewa Pahang, child of Dewa Manggis di Satria
* 1896-1912: Dewa Manggis VIII (Dewa Gede Raka s.d. 1908), brother of Dewa Pahang
* 1913-1943: Ide Anak Agung Ngurah Agung (title: Dewa Manggis; changed the title to: Anak Agung, 1913-1943), child of Dewa Manggis VIII
* 1943-1946: Ide Anak Agung Gede Agung (died 1999), child of AA Ngurah Agung
* 1946-1950: Ide Anak Agung Gede Oka, brother of IAA Gede Agung

Gianyar was united with the Republik Indonesia in 1950.

Sumber: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_Raja_Bali#Raja-raja_Gianyar


Palace: Puri Agung Gianyar

Google-translation

236 years ago, April 19, 1771, when Gianyar was chosen to be the name of a palace (Puri Agung) by Ida Dewa Manggis Sakti, a sovereign and autonomous kingdom was born and participated in the royal power in Bali.
The functioning of a palace, namely Puri Agung Gianyar which has been determined by the niskala sekala condition that falls on April 19, 1771, is a milestone that has been built by the king (Ida Anak Agung) Gianyar I, Ida Dewata Manggis Sakti.

* Foto Palace Puri Agung Gianyar: link


Old maps of Bali

Bali 16th century

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Bali 1757

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Kingdoms on Bali 19th century


Source

 – History of Gianyar: http://www.baliglory.com/2016/10/gianyar-bali.html#history
– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali
– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom

– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali