The kingdom (Kedatuan) of Pujut was located on the island of Lombok, Kab. Lombok Tengah. This kingdom existed in the 13th century.
Island of Lombok
Location island of Lombok
– List of the kingdoms on Lombok: link
– Video history kingdoms on Lombok and NTB: link
History of the kingdom of Pujut, 13th century
Pujut was a kedatuan (small kingdom) which is estimated to exist in 1355 = in the year 1255 Caka; the estimated year of the founding of the kedatuan of Pujut is derived from sources in the Sasak language, saying: “Kengkang Pelapak Gedang Lembah Gunung Pujut dait Gunung Tengak dait Polis Due Pengembah”. Kengkang symbolizes the number 1, Pelepak Gedang Polak symbolize the number 2, Mount Pujut symbolize the number 5 and Mount Tengak symbolizes the number 5, so if this figure is combined will form the number caka 1255.
Kedatuan Pujut was founded by a Majapahit nobleman named Ame Mas Meraje Mulie and he married the princess of Klungkung Bali.
The old Mosque of Pujut
Meraje Olem founded the place of worship in 1587 at the peak of Mount Pujut (at an altitude of 400 masl). Gunung Pujut Mosque itself has a unique architectural design and can be marked from the form of a 2-cup roof like a mosque demak, mosque building does not have a window with a wooden door in front and a very short wall is 1.5 meters so to enter the mosque then have to bow the head.
History of the kingdoms on Lombok
According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named kingdom of Laeq (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.
In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.
The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.
During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands. (see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and pushed back the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.
Source Kedatuan Pujut (only indon. language)
– Sejarah Kedatuan Pujut: https://sasaqgagah14.wordpress.com/2016/01/09/sejarah-masjid-kuno-pujut/
– Sejarah masjid kuno Pujut: http://lombok.panduanwisata.id/wisata-religi/masjid-kuno-gunung-pujut-saksi-sejarah-islam-di-lombok
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Lombok permulaan: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah
Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html