Principality of Pujut / Isl. of Lombok – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The Principality (Kedatuan) of Pujut was located on the island of Lombok, Kab. Lombok Tengah.

Island of Lombok

Location island of Lombok


* Foto old Lombok, ancient sites, intervension of the dutch (1894) and the Sasak People: link


History of Pujut

Pujut was a kedatuan (small kingdom) which is estimated to exist in 1355 = in the year 1255 Caka; the estimated year of the founding of the kedatuan of Pujut is derived from sources in the Sasak language, saying: “Kengkang Pelapak Gedang Lembah Gunung Pujut dait Gunung Tengak dait Polis Due Pengembah”. Kengkang symbolizes the number 1, Pelepak Gedang Polak symbolize the number 2, Mount Pujut symbolize the number 5 and Mount Tengak symbolizes the number 5, so if this figure is combined will form the number caka 1255.
Kedatuan Pujut was founded by a Majapahit nobleman named Ame Mas Meraje Mulie and he married the princess of Klungkung Bali.


The old Mosque of Pujut

Meraje Olem founded the place of worship in 1587 at the peak of Mount Pujut (at an altitude of 400 masl). Gunung Pujut Mosque itself has a unique architectural design and can be marked from the form of a 2-cup roof like a mosque demak, mosque building does not have a window with a wooden door in front and a very short wall is 1.5 meters so to enter the mosque then have to bow the head.

Old Mosque of Pujut


History of the kingdoms on Lombok

According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named Laeq Kingdom (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.

In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdom, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.


Entrance of Islam on Lombok

Prior to the entry of Islam, the people who inhabit Lombok consecutively believed animism, dynamism and then Hinduism. Islam first entered through the “wali” of the island of Java, namely sunan Prapen in about the 16th century, after the collapse of the Majapahit kingdom.
In conveying the teachings of Islam, the wali’s did not necessarily eliminate the old habits of people, who still embraced the old faith. There was even acculturation between Islam and the culture of the local community, because the spreaders were using local customs to facilitate the delivery of Islam. The religious teachings of that day were rewritten in Old Javanese. Even the shahadah for the Wetu Telu followers was accompanied by a sentence in Old Javanese. In those days, those who were required to perform the worship. were the kiai.When the kingdom of Lombok was led by king Rangkesari, Prince Prapen, son of Sunan Ratu Giri, came to Islamize the kingdom of Lombok. In Babad Lombok is mentioned, this Islamic is an effort of Raden Paku or Sunan Ratu Giri from Gersik, Surabaya who ordered the kings of East Java and Palembang to spread Islam to various regions in the archipelago. The process of Islam by Sunan Prapen got a lively result, until several years later the whole island of Lombok embraced Islam, except for some places that still retain the old customs.


Source history of Lombok (english)

– History of Lombok on Melayuonline: link
History of Lombok: Wiki

Source Kedatuan Pujut (only indon. language)

Sejarah Kedatuan Pujut: https://sasaqgagah14.wordpress.com/2016/01/09/sejarah-masjid-kuno-pujut/
– Sejarah masjid kuno Pujut:
http://lombok.panduanwisata.id/wisata-religi/masjid-kuno-gunung-pujut-saksi-sejarah-islam-di-lombok
Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Lombok permulaan: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok

Source old kingdoms on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Lombok: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/307/kerajaan-lombok
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah

Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html