Kingdom of Sokong / Isl. of Lombok – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Barat

The kingdom (Kedatuan) of Sokong is located on north Lombok. Existed in the 14th century.

Island of Lombok

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Location island of Lombok


* List of the kingdoms on Lombok: link


* Video history kingdoms on Lombok and NTB: link


* Foto of the Sasak People in the past: link
* Foto of the Sasak People today: link

* Foto intervention of the dutch on Lombok, 1894: link
* Foto old sites on Lombok: link


KINGDOM OF SOKONG

About the Datu today (2018)

Left: Datu of Sokong. 2014, there is no name known.


History of the kingdom of Sokong, 14th century

Google translation

The name Sokong was originally Sukun.
In 1343, Kiyai Nala / Empu Nala or in Bali better known as Arya Dhamar, and from him are the Datu Besanakan Telu / Tiga Bersaudara namely:

(1) – Betara Mas Kerta Jala in Sulawesi,
(2) – Betara Mas Indra Sakti in Klungkung, Bali,
(3) -Mahungg Mas Tunggul Nala in Lombok.
.
From Betara Mas Tunggul Nala came the datu-datu from Lombok like Bayan,
Selaparang and Pejanggik.
(a) Sri Dadelanatha, became Datu of Langko
(b) Deneq Mas Komala Dewa Sempopo, became of Datu Pejanggik
(c) Deneq Mas Komala Jagat becomes Datu of Selaparang.

The naval admiral Majapahit Empu Nala made in 1343 an expedition to Lombok, via North Lombok and and further to the east to Sumbawa and Sulawesi. During the government of Ratu Ramadha Wardani (Majapahit), Maha Patih Gajah Mada conducted an inspection to Lombok to carry out his Sumpah Amukti Palapanya in 1352 (source of the Manggala Charter). Sokong is also known as the central region known as the Central Lombok at that time.
Kedatuan Sokong was centered in Dusun Selelos/Bebekek located in Gangga District. In its development Kedatuan Sokong was divided into two parts: “Sokong Belimbing”, and “Kembang Dangar”.
Gajah Mada continued the trip to the west, to the Dipak (Sungai Keluak in Sokong village now), Ampenan, Perigi (Gerung), Sedau (narmada). Teros (east Lombok), Sumbawa Island as recorded in the Kertagama. Throughout the journey Gajah Mada inaugurated the establishment of kedatuan such as:
1- Kedatuan Selaparang
2-Kedaro
3-Batu Dendeng
4-Teros
5-Sumbawa
6-and others.


History of the kingdoms on Lombok

According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named kingdom of Laeq (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.

In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.

The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands. (see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and pushed back the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.


Source Kedatuan Sokong (only indon. language)

– Sejarah Sokong:  http://retinawangsa.blogspot.co.id/2014/02/prawira-sokong-sokong-kembang-dangar.html
– Sejarah Sokong: http://samaguna.blogspot.co.id/2016/03/kedatuan-lombok-mirah-sasak-adi.html

Source old kingdoms on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki:  https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah

Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)

– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html


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