The kingdom (Kedatuan) of Sokong is located on north Lombok.
Island of Lombok
Location island of Lombok
About the Datu today (2018)
Left: Datu of Sokong. 2014, there is no name known.
History of the kingdom of Sokong
The name Sokong was originally Sukun.
In 1343, Kiyai Nala / Empu Nala or in Bali better known as Arya Dhamar, and from him are the Datu Besanakan Telu / Tiga Bersaudara namely:
(1) – Betara Mas Kerta Jala in Sulawesi,
(2) – Betara Mas Indra Sakti in Klungkung, Bali,
(3) -Mahungg Mas Tunggul Nala in Lombok.
From Betara Mas Tunggul Nala came the datu-datu from Lombok like Bayan,
Selaparang and Pejanggik.
(a) Sri Dadelanatha, became Datu of Langko
(b) Deneq Mas Komala Dewa Sempopo, became of Datu Pejanggik
(c) Deneq Mas Komala Jagat becomes Datu of Selaparang.
The naval admiral Majapahit Empu Nala made in 1343 an expedition to Lombok, via North Lombok and and further to the east to Sumbawa and Sulawesi. During the government of Ratu Ramadha Wardani (Majapahit), Maha Patih Gajah Mada conducted an inspection to Lombok to carry out his Sumpah Amukti Palapanya in 1352 (source of the Manggala Charter). Sokong is also known as the central region known as the Central Lombok at that time.
Kedatuan Sokong was centered in Dusun Selelos/Bebekek located in Gangga District. In its development Kedatuan Sokong was divided into two parts: “Sokong Belimbing”, and “Kembang Dangar”.
Gajah Mada continued the trip to the west, to the Dipak (Sungai Keluak in Sokong village now), Ampenan, Perigi (Gerung), Sedau (narmada). Teros (east Lombok), Sumbawa Island as recorded in the Kertagama. Throughout the journey Gajah Mada inaugurated the establishment of kedatuan such as:
1- Kedatuan Selaparang
History of the kingdoms on Lombok
According to the contents of Babad Lombok, the oldest kingdom that once ruled on Lombok, was named kingdom of Laeq (in sasak laeq means past time), but another source namely Babad Suwung, declared that the oldest kingdom in Lombok was the Kingdom of Suwung, built and led by King Betara Indera. The kingdom of Suwung then was replaced by the kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century existed the Sasak Kingdom which was later defeated by one of the kingdoms, who came from Bali at that time.
In Lombok, in its development, there are traces of the four main kingdoms, namely the Kingdom of Bayan in the west, Selaparang Kingdom in the East, Langko Kingdom in the middle, and Pejanggik Kingdom in the south. In addition to these four kingdoms, there were small kingdoms, such as Parwa and Sokong and several small villages, such as Pujut, Tempit, Kedaro, Batu Dendeng, Kuripan, Samarkaton and Kentawang. All these kingdoms and villages became independent territory after the Majapahit kingdom collapsed. Among the most prominent and most famous kingdoms and villages was the Lombok Kingdom based in Labuhan Lombok.
The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Company concluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.
During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands. (see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and pushed back the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.
Entrance of Islam on Lombok
Prior to the entry of Islam, the people who inhabit Lombok consecutively believed animism, dynamism and then Hinduism. Islam first entered through the “wali” of the island of Java, namely sunan Prapen in about the 16th century, after the collapse of the Majapahit kingdom.
In conveying the teachings of Islam, the wali’s did not necessarily eliminate the old habits of people, who still embraced the old faith. There was even acculturation between Islam and the culture of the local community, because the spreaders were using local customs to facilitate the delivery of Islam. The religious teachings of that day were rewritten in Old Javanese. Even the shahadah for the Wetu Telu followers was accompanied by a sentence in Old Javanese. In those days, those who were required to perform the worship. were the kiai.When the kingdom of Lombok was led by king Rangkesari, Prince Prapen, son of Sunan Ratu Giri, came to Islamize the kingdom of Lombok. In Babad Lombok is mentioned, this Islamic is an effort of Raden Paku or Sunan Ratu Giri from Gersik, Surabaya who ordered the kings of East Java and Palembang to spread Islam to various regions in the archipelago. The process of Islam by Sunan Prapen got a lively result, until several years later the whole island of Lombok embraced Islam, except for some places that still retain the old customs.
Source Kedatuan Sokong (only indon. language)
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://suparmanol.blogspot.co.id/2010/12/sejarah-kedatuan-sasak.html
– Sejarah Kedatuan kuno Sasak: http://gdefik.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/kedatuan-di-gumi-sasak-1.html
– Sejarah pulau Lombok di Wiki: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulau_Lombok#Sejarah
Source entering Islam on Lombok (only indon. language)
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://fadlisworld.blogspot.co.id/2014/09/sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-lombok.html
– Masuk Islam di Lombok: http://situs9.blogspot.co.id/2014/08/masuk-dan-berkembangnya-agama-islam-di.html