The Kingdom of Balanipa is a kingdom of the Mandar People; located in the district Polewali Mandar, prov. west Sulawesi.
The title of the king is Arayang.
District Polewali Mandar
* Foto’s kingdom of Balanipa: link
* Foto sultans and kings today on Sulawesi: link
* Foto sultans and kings in the past on Sulawesi: link
* Foto kingsdoms in the region of Poso: link
* Foto Bugis tribe: link
* Foto old sites on Sulawesi: link
It is not clear, who is the king of Balanipa today. There were 2 installations of a king of Balanipa:
1. Nov. 2005: Arayang Balanipa installed: Andi Fadli Patayangi, king of Balanipa the 55th,
2. 2013: The Arajang of Balanipa the 55th: Y M H Bau Arifin Malik, king of Balanipa the55th.
History of the kingdom of Balanipa
The kingdom of Balanipa was part of the alliance Pitu Baqbana Binanga.
The kingdom of Balanipa was one of the kingdoms that existed in West Sulawesi in the 16th century AD. The founder of this kingdom was I Manyambungi. The establishment of the Balanipa Kingdom was an agreement of the Appeq Banua Kayyang alliance which covered four countries, namely Napo, Samasundu, Mosso and Todang-todang. The Balanipa kingdom had a democratic system in inheriting the throne. The social class consists of tau maradeka, tau pia, maraqdia and batua. The Balanipa Kingdom maintains a close relationship with the Kingdom of Gowa. In addition, this kingdom also collaborated with the Bima Sultanate in religion, economy and politics.
In the 13th century AD, in the Mandar region, the Pasokkorang Kingdom was established. This kingdom controlled the Mandar region with military force. Rebellions began in the middle of the 15th century AD, after the king began to rule arbitrarily. In addition, this kingdom also began to expand its territory to the west coast of Sulawesi Island to establish trade routes by sea. The settlements in the downstream area of the Mandar River eventually formed an alliance called Appeq Banua Kayyang. The alliance consisted of the areas of Napo, Samasundu, Mosso, and Todang-todang. The leaders were called Tomakaka.
In the end, the Appeq Banua Kayyang Alliance was unable to withstand the attack from the Pasokkorang Kingdom. The Tomakaka finally asked for help from the Kingdom of Gowa. Finally I Manyambungi was sent, he was a members of the elite Gowa Kingdom troops. He managed to withstand the attack of the Passokkorang Kingdom and defended the alliance area of Appeq Banua Kayyang. After that, the Appeq Banua Kayyang alliance turned into the Balanipa Kingdom with I Manyambungi as the first king. The title Pappuangan is used to replace the title Tomakaka. Meanwhile, the title for the king is Mara’dia. Each Pappuangan still regulates and manages its territory.
Below note from Akhmad Azhari
Not without reason Balanipa Kingdom was happy to help the Kingdom of Gowa. This is because the first King (Mara’dia) of Balanipa is someone, who had the blood of Gowa descent, he is Mara’dia Todilaling. After his death, the crown prince of Mara’dia Tomepayung (King of Balanipa II), began to initiate the expansion of territory. The Kingdom of Passokorang (now Mamuju District) in the North was conquested. Followed by mediation of small kingdoms in mountainous and coastal areas by the subsequent Balanipa kings to unite under the banner of “Mandar” with the Kingdom of Balanipa as the mother kingdom, given its most powerful military power along with its established system of government. The most powerful reason for the unification of this kingdom in one union was at the time of the Kingdom of Bone (which was still led by Arung Palakka) trying to attack the Kingdom of Balanipa. Although ultimately failed because of success Mara’dia Balanipa hook alliances from all regions of Mandar (West Sulawesi).
Installation of Andi Baso as Arajang (king) of Balanipa the 51th.
List of kings
- Todilaling (Imayambunggi, son of Puang di Gandang, grandchild of Todiurra-urra, both were king before sebelum Todilaling.
- Tomepayung, son of the first king
- Todijalloq, son of the first king Pertama
- Daetta, son of king 3
- Todigayang, son of king 4
- Todiboseang, son of king 4
- Tomatindo di Burio, son of king 4
- Tomatindo di Sattoko, son of king 4
- Tolambus(SU), son of king 7
- Tomatindo di Buttu, son of king 6
- Tomatindo di Langgana, son of king 8
- Pammarica, grandchild of king 4
- Tomatindo di Langgana, king 11 (second time)
- Tomate Malolo, son of king 11.
- Tomatindo di Limboro, grandchild of king 6
- Tokasi-asi, grandchild of king 6
- Tomatindo di Langgana, king 11 and 13
- Tomatindo di Barugana, son of king 11, 13 and 17
- Tomatindo di Tammangalle, son of king 15
- Tomatindo di Pattinna, grandchild of king 8 and 9
- Tomatindo di Barugana, king 18 (2 times)
- Tomatindo di Pattina, king 20 (2 times)
- Daeng Manguju,grandchild king 12
- Tomatindo di Pattinna, king 20 and 22
- Tomatindo di Salassana, putra Raja ke 18
- Tomappelei Musunna, son of king 18
- Tomessung dikotana, son of king 18
- Daeng Massikki, son of king 18
- Daeng Paewai, son of king 19
- Tomatindo di Binanga Karaeng, son of king 18
- Tomatindo di Lansirang, grandchild king 15
- Tomessu di Taloloq, son of king 19
- Tomattoleq Ganranna, son of king 26 (merangkap Raja Majene)
- Tomappelei Pattuyunna, son of king 26 (merangkap Raja Majene)
- Pakkacoco, son of king 31
- Pakkalobang Tomate Macciqda, son of king 33
- Tomongeq Alelanna, son of king 34 (also king of Majene)
- Panggandang, grandchild of king 26 (son of Pakkatitting king of Sendana)
- Tomatindo di Marica, son of king 35
- Tomessu di Mosso, grandchild king 26
- Tomatindo di Marica, king 39 (2 times)
- Panggandang, king 38 (2 times)
- Tomatindo di Lekopaqdis, son of king 36
- Passaleppa (Ammana I Bali), son of king 32
- Tomelloli (Mandawari), son of king 44
- Tokape, son of king 43
- Tomelloli (Mandawari), king 43 (2 times)
- Tonaung Anjoro (Sanggaria), grandchild king 37 (also king of Majene)
- Tomelloli (Mandawari), king 45 and 47 (3 times)
- Tomatindo di Judda, grandchild king 36
- H. Andi Baso, grandchild king 46
- H. Andi Depu, son of king 50
- Puang Mandaq (H. A. Syahribulan), grandchild king 46
Mandar tribe consists of 17 kingdoms: 7 kingdoms called “Pitu Ulunna Salu”, 7 kingdoms called “Pitu ba’bana binanga” and 3 kingdoms called “Kakarunna Tiparittiqna Uhai”.
The seven kingdoms belonging to Persekutuan Pitu Ulunna Salu are:
Seven (7) kingdoms belonging to Persekutuan Pitu Baqbana Binanga are :
Three (3) kingdoms belonging to Kakaruanna Tiparittiqna Uhai or the region of Lembang Mappi are:
Staff of the kingdom of Balanipa