Foto’s kingdoms of the archipelago Sangihe: link
History of the kingdom of Tampunganlawo
The Kingdom of Tampo Lawo existed in the 13th century; the first king was named Gumansalangi and his queen Konda Wulaeng / Sangiang conda (princess Khayangan). Prince Gumansalang came from Sangil / Sanghi tribe; Sangir kingdom in Kotabato Mindanauw south is now Fhilipina. Gumansalangi was a child of Tumudai / Tuwondai and queen Bintang Keramat from Ternate. The royal territory included Sangihe, North Maluku to Mindanaau.
After Year 1400 the kingdom of Tampunganglawo was divided into 2 parts, namely the Northern part called Sahabe (Lumango) and the Southern part named Manuwo (Salurang).
After 1530 these two kingdoms were reunited again by the king of Makaampo (Makaampo Wawengehe); the territory was Sahabe, Kuma, Kuluhe, Manalu, Salurang to Lapango, and this kingdom was called RIMPULAENG with its administrative center in Salurang (Moade) and ended to 1575, because Makaampo had been killed by Ambala a hero from Mantelagheng (Tamako); he was a friend of Hengkeng U Naung, hero from Siau who was ordered by the king of Siau named Pontowuisang (1575-1612).
List of kings of Tampunganlawo
* 1295-1355: Kulano Gumansalangi
* 1355-1415: Kulano Melintangnusa
* 1415-1475: Bulegalangi
* 1475-1530: Matandatu, Tabukan selatan, Saluhe
* Pahawonseke, Tabukan Utara, Sahabe
History of the kingdoms on the island of Sangihe
Since the 15th century in P. Sangihe emerged local / traditional government. The first time, evidenced by the records of Magellan clerk in 1421, Antonio Pigaffeta. At Sangihe, Pigafetta noted there were four kings. Two in Siau and one in Tagulandang. But the source of history three centuries later, the results of the writings of F. Valentijn, who came to Sangihe early 18th century, mentioned initially only two kingdoms in Sangihe, namely Tabukan and Kalongan. According to him, later about the year 1670 appeared nine kingdoms in Sangihe, namely:
* Kerajaan Kendahe,
* Kerajaan Taruna,
* Kerajaan Kolongan,
* Kerajaan Manganitu (Kauhis),
* Kerajaan Limau,
* Kerajaan Tabukan,
* Kerajaan Sawang (Saban) dan
* Kerajaan Tamako.
However, the last kingdom (Tamako) became part of Siau. Meanwhile, the king of Limau crushed troops dispatch Padtbrugge. This kingdom was destroyed. And, Sawang joined the kingdom of Taruna and the kingdom of Kolongan. And Kauhis joined Manganitu.
In 1898 the kingdom of Kendahe and the kingdom of Taruna merged into one. It was in these two regions that in 1919king Soleman Ponto ruled with its center in the present city of Tahuna. In the 1900’s the remaining four kingdoms were: Tabukan, Manganitu, Siau and Kendahe-Taruna.
Source Tampunganglawo (only indon. language)
– Cerita tentang Tampunganglawo: https://sitaro.wordpress.com/2010/04/11/cerita-rakyat-tentang-sejarah-sangihe-talaude/
– Sejarah kerajaan Tampunganglawo: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan Tampunganglawo: https://filediamant.wordpress.com/2012/11/09/cerita-rakyat-tentang-kerajaan-tampunganlawo-sangihe-thn-1100/
– Sejarah kerajaan Tampunganglawo: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Daftat raja Tampunganlawo: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipin
Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.
Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894