The kingdom of Kandhar-Taruna was located on the island of Sangihe, Prov. of North Sulawesi.
Foto’s of the archipelago Sangihe: link
History of the kingdom of Kandar-Taruna
After 1400 the Kingdom of Tampunganglawo was divided into 2 parts, namely the Northern part called Sahabe (Lumango) and the Southern part named Manuwo (Salurang).
After 1530 these two kingdoms were reunited by king Makaampo (Makaampo Wawengehe) with its territory from Sahabe, Kuma, Kuluhe, Manalu, Salurang to Lapango, and this kingdom was called RIMPULAENG; the government center was in Salurang (Moade). This kingdom ended in 1575, because Makaampo had been killed by Ambala, a hero from Mantelagheng (Tamako).
After the end of Rimpulaeng, in Tampunganglawo arose again 3 kingdoms:
– The kingdom of Tahuna (Malahasa), centered in Tahuna (Bukide), with its king Ansaawuwo also called Tatehe or Tatehewoba (1580-1625).
– The kingdom of Manganitu, based in Kauhis, with its King Boo or also called Liung Tolosang (1600-1630).
– The kingdom of Kendahe, based in Makiwulaeng, with its King Egaliwutang (1600-1640).
Kandhar-Taruna were two neighboring kingdoms on the island of Sangihe, but then merged into one kingdom.
Kandhar or often written also Kandahar or Kandar, is better known as Kendahe. The kingdoms were small kingdoms.
The kingdom of Kandhar was located northwest of Sangihe island.
Prior to joining the Kandhar kingdom was ruled by king Daniel Peter Ambat Janis, who ruled since 25 July 1861.
In 1894 he died and a replacing king was not appointed. To run a temporary administration Jogugu Salmon Ponto was appointed.
In the kingdom of Taruna, the last king was Egenos Laurens Tamarol Rasubala. King Egenos ascended the throne by signing the van Verband Act 31 December 1880, replacing king Martens Jacobz and reigning until 1898.
For the efficiency reasons Kandhar and Taruna were united in 1898 with the consent of their heads, with the name of the kingdom of Kandhar-Taruna.
King Taruna Salmon Dumalang who had begun to serve under king Egenos Rasubala as Jogugu, was chosen to be the first king of Kandhar-Taruna kingdom.
Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipina/
Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.
Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724
Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894