Kingdom of Kandhar-Taruna / Isl. of Sangihe – Prov. Sulawesi Utara

The kingdom of Kandhar-Taruna was located on the island of Sangihe, Prov. of North Sulawesi. 1898 Kandhar and Taruna with the approval of their heads agreed to unite.

Location District Kepulauan Sangihe

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Location island of Sangihe


Foto kingdoms on the island of Sangihe in the past: link


Video history Sangihe, Talaud, and Sitaro, 1295-2018: link


KINGDOM OF KANDAR-TARUNA

History of the kingdom of Kandar-Taruna

After 1400 the Kingdom of Tampunganglawo was divided into 2 parts, namely the Northern part called Sahabe (Lumango) and the Southern part named Manuwo (Salurang).

After 1530 these two kingdoms were reunited by king Makaampo (Makaampo Wawengehe) with its territory from Sahabe, Kuma, Kuluhe, Manalu, Salurang to Lapango, and this kingdom was called RIMPULAENG; the government center was in Salurang (Moade). This kingdom ended in 1575, because Makaampo had been killed by Ambala, a hero from Mantelagheng (Tamako).
After the end of Rimpulaeng, in Tampunganglawo arose again 3 kingdoms:
– The kingdom of Tahuna (Malahasa), centered in Tahuna (Bukide), with its king Ansaawuwo also called Tatehe or Tatehewoba (1580-1625).
– The kingdom of Manganitu, based in Kauhis, with its King Boo or also called Liung Tolosang (1600-1630).
– The kingdom of Kendahe, based in Makiwulaeng, with its King Egaliwutang (1600-1640).

Kandhar-Taruna were two neighboring kingdoms on the island of Sangihe, but then merged into one kingdom.
Kandhar or often written also Kandahar or Kandar, is better known as Kendahe. The kingdoms were small kingdoms.
The kingdom of Kandhar was located northwest of Sangihe island.
Prior to joining the Kandhar kingdom was ruled by king Daniel Peter Ambat Janis, who ruled since 25 July 1861.
In 1894 he died and a replacing king was not appointed. To run a temporary administration Jogugu Salmon Ponto was appointed.
In the kingdom of Taruna, the last king was Egenos Laurens Tamarol Rasubala. King Egenos ascended the throne by signing the van Verband Act 31 December 1880, replacing king Martens Jacobz and reigning until 1898.
For the efficiency reasons Kandhar and Taruna were united in 1898 with the consent of their heads, with the name of the kingdom of Kandhar-Taruna.
King Taruna Salmon Dumalang who had begun to serve under king Egenos Rasubala as Jogugu, was chosen to be the first king of Kandhar-Taruna kingdom.


List of kings of Kandhar – Taruna

Christiaan Ponto about 1920. Sumber: Coll. Tropenmuseum Netherlands


A brief history of the kingdoms on the Sangihe Islands

13th century: kingdom of Tampunganglawo.

After 1400 the Tampunganglawo kingdom was divided into 2 parts, namely the northern part named Sahabe (Lumango) and the southern part named Manuwo (Saluran).

After 1530 these two kingdoms were reunited again by King Makaampo (Makaampo Wawengehe) with his territory starting from Sahabe, Kuma, Kuluhe, Manalu, Channel to Lapango, and this kingdom was called Rimpulaeng with the center of government in Channel (Moade) and ended until 1575.

Then Tampunganglawo, 3 kingdoms emerged:
* The Tahuna (Malahasa) kingdom was centered in Tahuna (Bukide), with its King Ansaawuwo also known as Tatehe or Tatehewoba (1580-1625).
* The Manganese kingdom was centered in Kauhis, with its King Boo or also known as Liung Tolosang (1600-1630).
* The Kingdom of Kendahe was centered in Makiwulaeng, with its King Egaliwutang (1600-1640).

1670: Around the 1670s, apart from the Tagulandang kingdom and the previously existing Siau kingdom on the southern boundary (Siau Tagulandang Biaro Islands), in Sangihe there were nine kingdoms, namely:

kingdom of Kendahe,
kingdom of Taruna,
kingdom of Kolongan,
kingdom of Manganitu,
– kingdom of Kauhis,
kingdom of Limau,
kingdom of Tabukan,
– kingdom of Sawang (Saban)
– kingdom of Tamako.

1900: In the 1900s only three kingdoms remained on Sangihe, namely:
kingdom of Tabukan,
kingdom of Manganitu,
kingdom of Kendahe-Taruna.

Previous kingdoms disappeared because of a number of reasons.
The Tamako Kingdom became part of the Siau kingdom on the Siau Islands.
Meanwhile, the Limau kingdom was crushed by troops sent by the Dutch Governor in Maluku, Padtbrugge. This kingdom was ruined.
The Sawang Kingdom joined the Tahuna kingdom.
The Kauhis Kingdom joined the Manganitu kingdom.
In 1898 the kingdom of Kendahe and the kingdom of Taruna were united.


Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipina/


Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang

Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.

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Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724

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Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894


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