Wehali – Wewiku, Kerajaan / Nusa Tenggara Timur – Timor

Kerajaan Wewiku-Wehali terletak di pulau Timor, kecamatan Malaka Tengah, Kab. Malaka, provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Klik foto untuk besar !

Kabupaten Malaka


* Foto kerajaan-kerajaan Timor: link
*
Foto situs kuno / megalitik di Timor: link


Sejarah kerajaan Wewiku-Wehali

Wehali (Wehale, Waihali, Veale) adalah nama dari sebuah kerajaan tradisional di pantai selatan Timor Tengah. Sering disebutkan bersama-sama dengan saudara tetangganya kerajaan, sebagai WewikuWehali (WaiwikuWehale). Wehali memegang posisi senioritas ritual di antara banyak kerajaan Timor kecil.
Raja dipanggil “besar tuan(Nai Bot) yang memegang gelar Maromak Oan (anak Allah”). Tugasnya adalah ritual pasif, dalam arti simbolik perempuan”, dan dia terus eksekutif laki-laki” Bupati atau asisten sisinya, Liurai (melebihi tanah).

Antonio Pigafetta (Ekspedisi Magellan), yang mengunjungi Timor pada tahun 1522, menegaskan pentingnya kerajaan WewikuWehali. Pada abad ketujuh belas penguasa Wehali digambarkan sebagai seorang kaisar, yang semua raja di pulau mematuhi dengan upeti, sebagai kedaulatan mereka“. Dia menghibur kontak ramah dengan kerajaan Muslim Makassar, tapi kekuasaannya diperiksa oleh invasi menghancurkan oleh Portugis pada tahun 1642 dan 1665.  Wehali sekarang dibawa dalam lingkup Portugis kekuasaan tetapi tampaknya memiliki kontak terbatas dengan daerah kekuasaan kolonial.
Sebuah batas kolonial di Timor akhirnya disepakati pada tahun 1859, yang meninggalkan Wehali di sisi Belanda. Seorang pejabat Belanda telah diposting di Atapupu di pantai utara Belu pada tahun 1862, namun pantai selatan tidak disurvei oleh penguasa kolonial sebelum 1898. bentrokan militer Ringkas berlangsung pada tahun 1900 dan 1906. Belanda terus merestrukturisasi divisi administratif Belu di 1915-1916, mencoba untuk menggunakan penguasa tradisional sebagai zelfbestuurder (rajas bawah pengawasan kolonial). Maromak Oan, Baria Nahak, meninggal pada tahun 1925, dan Belanda gagal mencoba untuk menggunakan keponakannya Seran Nahak sebagai Raja Belu di 1925-1930. Setelah pencapaian kemerdekaan Indonesia pada tahun 1949, bentuk-bentuk tradisional dari pemerintahan yang bertahap, tapi kelompok elit tradisional masih mempertahankan sejumlah kepentingan lokal.
Sumber: Wiki

Peta kerajaan-kerajaan di Timor tahun 1900

klik peta untuk besar

—————
Wehali (Wehale, Waihali, Veale) is the name of a traditional kingdom at the southern coast of Central Timor. It is often mentioned together with its neighbouring sister kingdom, as Wewiku-Wehali (Waiwiku-Wehale). Wehali held a position of ritual seniority among the many small Timorese kingdoms.
The king was called “great lord” (Nai Bot) who held the title of Maromak Oan (“son of God”). His task was ritually passive, in a symbolic sense “female”, and he kept an executive “male” regent or assistant by his side, the Liurai (“surpassing the land”).

The Magellan expedition, who visited Timor in 1522, described the importance of the Wewiku-Wehali kingdom. In the seventeenth century the ruler of Wehali was described as “an emperor, whom all the kings on the island adhere to with tribute, as being their sovereign”.He entertained friendly contacts with the Muslim kingdom of Makassar, but his power was checked by devastating invasions by the Portugese in 1642 and 1665. Wehali was now brought inside the Portuguese sphere of power but appears to have had limited contact with its colonial suzerain.
A colonial borderline on Timor was finally agreed on in 1859, which left Wehali on the Dutch side. The Dutch proceeded to restructure the administrative divisions of Belu in 1915-16, trying to use traditional rulers as rajas under colonial surveillance. The Maromak Oan, Baria Nahak, died in 1925, and the Dutch unsuccessfully tried to use his nephew Seran Nahak as Raja of Belu in 1925-30. After the achievement of independence for Indonesia in 1949, the traditional forms of governance were phased out, but the traditional elite groups still retain an amount of local importance.
Because the paramount ruler of the whole of Timor (at least in the 20th century as symbol/in name): the Maromak Oan became in the 1920-ies Roman Catholic, this real way of rule ceased to exist, because the old ruling system had to much to do with the old religion.

When Liurai Luis /Louis SEnaka Teeseran (Tei Serang) of Malakka died 11-5-2003 his rival for years (since 1989; chief of the traditional council)), Dominikus Tei Seran (from another branch) installed himself 9-8-2003. There are 2 other pretenders for the dignity. Both are attached to 2 also rival Emperors of the whole of Timor (theoretically), but in fact nowadays only of Belu-area (Waiwiku Wehali): the Maromak Oans, respectively: A(u)gustinus Nahah Seran and the also in Laran living Agustin Klau(the uncle of his wife). The Maromak Oan title ceased to exist after the abdication of the last Emperor/Maromak Oan Hendrikus Nahak Seran. He was Maromak Oan 1925-1930.

kerajaan indonesia: later Wewiku and Waihale also had each their own raja. Wewiku was formed by the rajaships of Wewiku, Umalor,Rabassa, Wedrok and Haitimuk. Normally the ruler of Wewiku district is the raja of Wewiku. So this raja is the raja of total Wewiku.

Source: Wiki


Peta-peta kuno Timor (1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733)

Untuk peta kuno, klik di sini


Sumber /Source

Sejarah kerajaan Wehali di Wiki: link
Sejarah kerajaan Wehali:  http://everything.explained.today/Wehali/
– Tentang Wehale (2005): http://riaulingga.blogspot.co.id/2005/08/waihale-west-timor-ntt.html
Kerajaan Wewiku Wehali, kerajaan tertua di Timor: http://www.vnewsmedia.com/wesei-wehali-kerajaan-tertua-di-pulau-timor/


* Foto foto kerajaan Wewiku-Wehali

Wewiku and Waihale also had each their own raja.Wewiku was formed by the rajaships of Wewiku,Umalor,Rabassa,Wedrok and Haitimuk.Normally the ruler of Wewiku district is the raja of Wewiku.So this raja is the raja of total Wewik

Wewiku and Wehali also had each their own raja. Wewiku was formed by the rajaships of Wewiku, Umalor, Rabassa, Wedrok and Haitimuk. Normally the ruler of Wewiku district is the raja of Wewiku. So this raja is the raja of total Wewiku.

 Tokoh adat Liurai Malaka Wehali.

Tokoh adat Liurai Malaka Wehali.

Liurai Luis Seneka Tei Serang of Waihale. Died 11-5-2003. Penguasa Timor di bawah Maromak Oan

Liurai Luis Seneka Tei Serang of Waihale. Died 11-5-2003. Penguasa Timor di bawah Maromak Oan

 Liurai malaka wehali, dominikus kloit teiseran sedang memimpin para tua adat menuju situs sejarah; he is one of the 2 claimants

Liurai malaka wehali, dominikus kloit teiseran sedang memimpin para tua adat menuju situs sejarah; he is one of the 2 claimants

Raja Edmundus Klai Muti dari Wewiku-Belu (died 1999)

Raja Edmundus Klai Muti dari Wewiku-Belu (died 1999)

Keser Maromak Oan Hendricus Nahak Seran v Wewiku Wehale. Sumber Jan Geerdink, FB

The by the government of Belu recognised keser maromak oan of Wewiku Wehale with his queen in Haitimuk.

The by the government of Belu recognised keser maromak oan of Wewiku Wehale with his queen in Haitimuk.


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1 Comment

One thought on “Wehali – Wewiku, Kerajaan / Nusa Tenggara Timur – Timor

  1. Remi Manek Taromi

    Kae…kae,..kae…Bakatak Ina Hauk Ma’ak Feto ikun nein ema rain…salah satu lirik dongeng terlahirnya Maromak Oan.

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