Kingdom of Bungabali / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The kingdom of Bungabali is located on the island of Alor, prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location of the island of Alor


Location of the island of Alor

* Foto kings (today and past) on Alor: link
* Foto tribes on Alor: link 

* Video history kingdoms on Alor and Nusa Tenggara Timur, 40.000 BC-today: link


History of the kingdom of Bungabali

One of the kingdoms in the territory of the Alor Islands was the Kingdom of Bungabali (Alor) led by the Nampira dynasty. Before the Nampira dynasty came to power, this kingdom was led by King Kawiha Toeli. The kingdom of Bungabali (Alor) had a vast territory.
King Kawiha Toeli is one of the kings who reigned in the Kingdom of Bungabali (Alor). He ruled from 1903 to 1908. King Kawiha Toeli’s rule ended when Dutch intervention against local rulers and took power from the hands of local rulers. In 1912 there was a transfer of power from King Kawiha Toeli in Bungabali (Great Alor now) to the Nampira dynasty in Dulolong. The Dutch colonial government preferred Nampira Bukang to become King Bungabali (Alor) because he was educated and fluent in Dutch. As compensation, the crown prince of Tulimau was appointed as Kapitan Overtime.
King Kawiha Toeli’s power in the Bungabali Kingdom (Alor) ended when the Dutch arrived at Alor and interfered in the kingdom’s affairs and transferred King Kawiha Toeli’s power to the Nampira Dynasty. Therefore, this study was conducted to reveal about the transfer of power from King Kawiha Toeli to the Nampira Dynasty.

Kingdoms on the island of Alor

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: Google translation !

According to stories circulating in the Alor community, the oldest kingdom in Alor Regency is the Abui kingdom in the interior of the Alor mountains and the Munaseli kingdom on the eastern tip of the island of Pantar. Once upon a time, these two kingdoms were involved in a Magic War. They used magical powers to destroy each other. Munaseli sent bees to Abui, whereas Abui sent a hurricane and fire to Munaseli. This war was finally won by Munaseli.

It is said that the skull of King of Abui, who led the war is currently still stored in a cave in Mataru. The next kingdoms that were founded were the Pandai kingdom which was located near the Munaseli kingdom and the Bunga Bali Kingdom which was centered in Alor Besar. Munaseli and Pandai, who are neighbors, are also involved in a war which causes Munaseli to ask for help from the king of the Majapahit kingdom, considering that he had previously lost the war against Abui.

Around the early 1300s, detachments of the Majapahit royal aid army arrived in Munaseli, but all they found were ruins of the Munaseli kingdom, while the inhabitants had fled to various places in Alor. In the end, many of the Majapahit soldiers decided to stay at Munaseli, so it is not surprising that currently many Munaseli people have Javanese looks. The of sending Majapahit soldiers to Munaseli was the background for the mention of Galiau (Pantar) in the book Negarakartagama by Empu Prapanca which he wrote during the heyday of Majapahit (1367). The same book also mentions Galiau Watang Lema or island coastal areas.

Galiau which consists of 5 kingdoms, namely Kui and Bunga Bali in Alor and Blagar, Pandai and Baranua in Pantar. The alliance of 5 kingdoms on the coast is believed to have a close relationship with one another. Even their kings claim to have the same ancestry.

The founders of the 5 coastal kingdoms were 5 Putra Mau Wolang from Majapahit and they grew up in Pandai. The oldest among them ruled the area. At this time there was an agreement being agreed, where the agreement was called the Lisbon treaty in 1851.

Based on the records of Antonio Pigafetta, a scientist and explorer from Venice, on January 9 to 25, 1522, the island of Alor-Pantar was visited by the ship Victoria, the last remnant of the Magellan fleet. Antonio wrote that when he got to Alor-Pantar, he found the inhabitants of the island as savage as animals and eating human flesh. They have no king and are not clothed. They only wear bark, unless they go to the battlefield.

Historically, during Portuguese rule, the Portuguese in Alor were limited to raising the flag in several coastal areas, such as in Kui, Mataru, Batulolong, Kolana, and Blagar. Likewise during the early days of the Dutch occupation, it was limited to the recognition of the rulers who were on the coast and on the placement of a Posthouder in Alor Kecil, precisely at the entrance to Kabola Bay in 1861.

With the Lisbon Treaty in 1851, the Alor islands were handed over to the Dutch and the island of Atauru was handed over to the Portuguese. The Portuguese themselves never actually occupied Alor, although there are still remains of Portuguese times such as a large anchor in Alor Kecil.

In 1911, the Dutch colonial government moved the main sea port and center of the Alor Government from Alor Kecil to Kalabahi. Kalabahi was chosen because the terrain is wider and the sea is more shady. The city of Kalabahi means Kusambi tree, which used to cover the plains. With the transfer of the center of power to Kalabahi, the Dutch colonial government placed Mr. Bouman as the first Controller in Alor. Previously, a sign of the Dutch colonial presence in Alor, only consisted of a post guard and a soldier with the rank of lieutenant.

During the Bouman controller period, several Dutch government employees were brought in. Efforts to Christianize animists have also begun. The first baptism was performed in 1908 on Dulolong beach. At this time Alor consisted of 5 kingdoms, namely Kui, Batulolong, Kolana, Baranusa and Alor. The territory of Alor Kingdom covers the entire Kabola body (northern part of the island of Alor).

In 1912 there was a transfer of the king’s power from the Tulimau dynasty in Alor Besar to the Nampira dynasty in Dulolong. The Dutch colonial government preferred Nampira Bukang to be the king of Alor because he was educated and fluent in Dutch. As compensation, the Tulimau crown prince was appointed as captain of the Overtime. This transfer of power led to several rebellions but was suppressed with the help of the Dutch, so that this transfer of power indirectly became the seed of one of the black pages of Alor’s history with the killing of Bala Nampira.

During the Dutch occupation in 1910-1916, the Dutch faced many challenges from the people of Alor-Pantar. The kingdoms that are known to often fight are the Bali Flower Kingdom, the Kui Kingdom, the Kolana Kingdom, the Pureman Kingdom, the Mataru Kingdom, the Batulolong Kingdom, the Baranusa Kingdom, the Pandai Kingdom, and the Blagar Kingdom. However, the Dutch with divide et impera (politics of division or politics of fighting against each other) and Korte Verklaring (Short Agreement) finally succeeded in conquering the kings. Of the 9 kingdoms that often fought back, the Dutch ended up downsizing and left behind 4 kingdoms, namely the Kui Kingdom, the Alor Pantar Kingdom, the Kolana Kingdom, and the Batulolong Kingdom. Thus, it is easier for the Dutch to carry out supervision

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Batulolong:
Injil masuk kerajaan Batulolong (2009)
– Daftar raja Batulolong sebelum penjajahan:
Daftar raja Batulolong abad ke-20, oleh D.P.Tick:
Tentang raja Batulolong (2008):

– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor duludan sekarang:
– Sejarah Suku Alor:
– Sejarah pulau Alor:
– Masuknya Islam di Alor:


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