Kingdom of Anak Sungai / Sumatera, prov. Bengkulu

Kingdom of Anak Sungai is located in the northern part of province of Bengkulu; now its territory consists of the valleys of the Menjunto River in the north to the Water of Urai in the South.

Province of Bengkulu

* Foto (old) kingdoms on Sumatera: link

History of the kingdom of Anak Sungai

Google translation

At the beginning of the XVII century the kingdom of Anak Sungai was a province of the Indrapura Kingdom under Sultan Muzaffar Shah (1620-1660). Its people consist of indigenous villagers known as Tribe Anak Sungai, coastal people, who settled there open rice fields while pepper gardening, which is a small number of Palembang and Jambi. The majority are the people of the Padang Darat, who mostly live in the market as traders.

In 1663 the Kingdom of Indrapura made trade agreements with the VOC. In the mid-seventeenth century, the Kingdom of Anak Sungai was still under the Indrapura Kingdom, whose deputy was based in Manjuto with the title of King Adil, Tuanku Sungut, the nephew of Sultan Muhammad Shah’s sister.

During the XVII century the people of the Kingdom of Anak Sungai wanted to separate itself from the power of the Sultan of Indrapura. This desire was supported by King Adil. Then came the political unrest in the kingdom of Anak Sungai; a separating movement from the power of Indrapura led by relatives Sultan Muhammad Shah who represented him in the territory of the Son of the River. 

Kingdoms in the Bengkulu area

In the region of Bengkulu once were ethnic-based kingdoms such as the kingdom of Sungai Serut, kingdom of Selebar, kingdom of Pat Petulai, kingdom of Balai Buntar, kingdom of Sungai Lemau, kingdom of Sekiris, kingdom of Gedung Agung, and kingdom of Marau Riang. Under the sultanate of Banten, they became vazals.
Some areas of Bengkulu, also were under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century.

Old maps ofSumatera

For old maps of Sumatera (1565, 1588, 1598, 1601, 1616, 1620, 1707, 1725, 1760), klik here

Sumatera, 1707

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Anak Sungai:
– Sejarah Bengkulu: