Kingdom of Hatorusan (Dynasty Pasaribu) / Prov. Sumatera Utara

The kingdom of Haturosan (Dinasti Pasaribu), 13-16th century, was located on Sumatera, in Barus Hilir or Tanah Batak bagian barat, Kab. Tapanuli Tengah, provinsi Sumatera Barat.

Provinsi of North Sumatera

Location of Bakkara


* Foto kingdoms on Sumatera: link
* Foto ancient sites on Sumatera: link
* Foto Batak People: link


History Region of Bakkara

Batak civilization in Sumatra  began in nearly  3.000 years ago, through the course of a long history as a race Proto Malay (Melayu Tua) who have a religion, customs, traditions, science and philosophy are high. This Batak tribe has its own cultural characteristics on the traditions, customs, art houses, carvings, music, language, alphabet, calendar and astronomical knowledge.

History of Ancient Batak (Old Toba) in Sumatra notes that there were three royal dynasty that united the various ethnic groups who have links with some of the tribes of South India, rural Myanmar (Burma) – Thailand and Tibet, which previously had inhabited the island of Sumatra on century BC (1500 + BC). The leader among leaders (Primus Interpares) formed a dynasty that united tribal clans, kingdoms tribe in the country (up to Aceh) and  kings of Marga and King Huta.

The three dynasty are:

  1. Dynasty Sori Mangaraja

This dynasty led by hereditary king Sori Mangaraja (adapted from Sri Maharaj).  Sori Mangaraja crown counsel, Batara Guru, a character from South India. This dynasty existed for 300-500  years, since the 7th century AD (or the 9th century AD) until the beginning of the 12th century AD.

Capital of the kingdom in the Lobu Tua, Barus and Pansur as a port city and commercial center of the world.  During the period, this dynasty built civilization and high culture and advanced. Dynasty ended by a devastating war between the Kingdom of Chola, India with Srivijaya in the region.

  1. Dynasty Hatorusan

Dynasty  triumphed for nearly 300 years since the beginning of the 13th century AD until the beginning of the 16th century AD led by a hereditary king who holds the King Hatorusan I-VII. The first king, Uti Mutiaraja, derived from the descendants of Guru Tatea Bulan, Pusuk Buhit.  Dynasty is trying to reorganize and continue the tradition and glory of the royal dynasty Sori Mangaraja. Capital of the Kingdom in Barus and then moved inland on the border region of Aceh.  Camphor and kemenyaan remain as a source of income that are traded in the port royal Pansur, Barus. This dynasty then gave the reins of power to the royal dynasty of the State Sisingamangaraja Bakara.

  1. Dynasty Sisingamangaraja

This dynasty existed for 400 + years, since the 1500’s until 1907.  State governmental center in Bakara, under the leadership of King Sisingamangaraja I – XII. The kingdom and the people faced the war during 30 year against the Dutch who tried to conquer the Land of Batak.  The dynasty ended with the death of the last Sisingamangaraja, Ompu Patuan Bosar Sinambela (Ompu Pulo Batu) in the heroic battle at Si Onom Hudon 1907. Also killed in the battle were two of his sons, Patuan Nagari and Patuan Anggi, and his beloved daughter Lopian.


History of the kingdom Hatorusan

This dynasty was founded by King Uti son of Tateabulan. When the Sorimangaraja Dynasty ended in the land of the southern Batak, then the dynasty Hatorusan ended in Barus, or the western Batak land.
The history of the regeneration of King Uti, starting from 1000 years BC to one of his descendants who was King Uti VII in the 1500s, is not documented. But in general, he had several offspring.

  1. Datu Pejel gelar Raja Uti II
    2. Ratu Pejel III
    3. Borsak Maruhum.
    4. Raja Uti V bergelar Datu Alung Aji
    5. Raja Uti VI yang bernama Longgam Parmunsaki.
    6. Raja Uti VII bernama Datu Mambang Di Atas.

During the reign of King Uti VII, 16th century, the royal government began to waver. The expansion of the kingdom has expanded to several areas in Aceh. King Uti VII moved the capital city of the kingdom to its territory in the northern part that now enters the coast of Aceh.
King VII had several commanders among whom a very formidable commander, who also happened to be his own nephew. The son of a sister, Boru Pasaribu. He was named Mahkuta aka Mahkota known among the Batak as Manghuntal son of a father surnamed Sinambela from the center of Batak. He was educated at the royal palace and became Commander in charge of the Army and Marine armies.

When the Portuguese first attacked the area, the Commander Mahkuta led his troops and won the battle. In addition to being attacked by outsiders, the kingdom also got a rebellion in the country.
Mahkuta then ordered to crush the rebellion in central Batak. In an attempt to crush the rebels, in the royal capital there was a coup and a power struggle. The kingdom was divided in small kingdoms. Mahkuta alias Manghuntal founded the Sinambela Dynasty (Sisingamangaraja) in Bakkara.

Meanwhile, the Pasaribu community in Barus, the descendants of King Uti, continued the hegemony of Pasaribu Dynasty with the ascension of Sultan Ibrahimsyah Pasaribu, he became Sultan in Barus Hilir. There is a historical opinion which says that Sultan Ibrahimsyah Pasaribu was the one who gave power to Manghuntal, Mahkuta, to establish his kingdom in Bakkara. Thus he is the title of King Uti VII (?).


List of kings

In addition to the above names, here are the names of the next Hatorusan Dynasty:

1. Sultan Ibrahimsyah Pasaribu (titled Raja Hatorusan). Died 1610.
2. Sultan Yusuf Pasaribu
3. Sultan Adil Pasaribu
4. Tuanku Sultan Pasaribu
5. Sultan Raja Kecil Pasaribu
6. Sultan Emas Pasaribu
7. Sultan Kesyari Pasaribu
8. Sultan Main Alam Pasaribu
9. Sultan Perhimpunan Pasaribu
10. Sultan Marah Laut bin Sultan Main Alam Pasaribu on 17th of June 1872 rewrote the History of Tuanku Bodies (Tambo Barus Hilir) which recounts the genealogy of the Hatorusan kingdom in Barus, from an ancient manuscript whose relics are almost obsolete.


Source Bakkara (english)

– History of the Dynasty’s in the region of Bakkara: http://landofbakara.blogspot.co.id/2012/06/three-dynasty-kingdom-of-old-batak-in.html

Source Hatorusan (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Hatorusan:  http://togadebataraja.blogspot.co.id/2011/06/dinasti-pasaribu-hatorusan.html
Sejarah kerajaan Hatorusan: forum.detik.com/showpost.php?p=7659047&postcount=159http://togadebataraja.blogspot.co.id/2011/06/dinasti-pasaribu-hatorusan.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Hatorusan: http://haposanbakara.blogspot.co.id/2012/06/tiga-dinasti-kerajaan-di-tanah-batak.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Hatorusan:  http://pagarandolok.blogspot.co.id/2009/04/sejarah-kerajaan-hatorusan.html
Daftar Raja, Dinasti Pasaribu (Hatorusan): http://forum.detik.com/showpost.php?p=7659047&postcount=159

Source Bakkara (only indon. language)

– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: http://haposanbakara.blogspot.co.id/2012/06/tiga-dinasti-kerajaan-di-tanah-batak.html
– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: https://protapanuli.wordpress.com/2008/07/19/bakkara/
– Sejarah negeri Bakkara: http://humbahas.blogspot.co.id/2006/08/dinasti-dinasti-batak.html