Kingdom of Mengwi / Bali

The kingdom of Mengwi: begin 18th century – 1891. Located in the province of Bali.

Location of Mengwi

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Location of Bali


* Foto kings on Bali today: link
* Foto kings of Bali in the past: link
* Foto Bali in the past: link
* Foto old sites on Bali: link
* Foto puputan Denpasar, 1906: link
* Foto puputan Klungkung, 1908: link


History of the kingdom of Mengwi

Mengwi in ancient times was an independent kingdom. However, Mengwi lost the war and finally in 1891 the regio9istana) n was divided between Tabanan and Badung.
I Gusti Agung Putu was the son of I Gusti Agung Anom. He was titled I Gusti Agung Made Agung and founded the Mengwi kingdom and become the King of Mengwi I in 1723. Before becoming king, I Gusti Agung Putu was hold  by the King of Tabanan, Sri Megada Way. I Gusti Alit Dawuh was raised in the Kingdom of Marga; and later  King Marga I Gusti Balangan gave him spiritual guidance. I Gusti Agung Putu was given land to establish a Kingdom in the village of Peken. But did not last long, I Gusti Agung Putu continue to go to the south with the aim of I Gusti Ngurah Batu Tumpang of Kekeran. This victory brought the heyday up to Blambangan.

Mengwi was destroyed by Klungkung, Badung, Gianyar and Tabanan in 1891.

Kingdoms on Bali 19th century


List of kings

Around 1408 AD, the government was controlled by the Tegeh Kori Dynasty. Ruling kings:

* Kyai Made Tegeh later with the title Kyai Agung Anglurah Mengwi I
* Kyai Gede Tegal as Kyai Agung Anglurah Mengwi II.
* Kyai Ngurah Pemayun with the title Kyai Agung Anglurah Mengwi III.
* Kyai Ngurah Agung with the title Kyai Agung Anglurah Mengwi IV.
* Kyai Ngurah Tegeh with the title Kyai Agung Anglurah Mengwi V.
* Kyai Ngurah Gede Agung with the title Kyai Agung Mengwi VI

– Source: http://sejarahbabadbali.blogspot.co.id/2015/03/kerajaan-mengwi.html

Around 1686 AD, the power of Mengwi was held by Dynasty I Gusti Agung Putu, son of I Gusti Agung Maruti, who used to be the ruler of Gelgel Kingdom. I Gusti Agung Putu was the King I of Mengwi with its capital named Kawyapura.

* 1690-1722: Gusti Agung Sakti (Gusti Agung Anom).
* 1722-1740: Gusti Agung Made Alangkajeng, child of Gusti Agung Anom
* 1740s: Gusti Agung Putu Mayun, nephew of Gusti Agung Made Alangkajeng
* 1740s-1770/80: Gusti Agung Made Munggu, brother of Gusti Agung Putu Mayun
* 1770/80-1793/94: Gusti Agung Putu Agung, child of Gusti Agung Made Munggu
* 1770/80-1807: Regen, Gusti Ayu Oka Kaba-Kaba, ibu Gusti Agung Putu Agung
* 1807-1823: Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung I, child of Gusti Agung Putu Agung
* 1829-1836: Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung II Putra, child of Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung I
* 1836-1850/55: Gusti Agung Ketut Besakih, brother of Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung I

Under protection of the Dutch, 1843-1891

* 1836-1857: Gusti Ayu Istri Biang Agung, widow Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung Putra
* 1859-1891: Gusti Agung Ngurah Made Agung III, descendent of Gusti Agung Putu Mayun

Mengwi was destroyed by Klungkung, Badung, Gianyar and Tabanan in 1891.


Temple of Taman Ayun

Taman Ayun Temple is the Mother Temple (Paibon) for the Mengwi kingdom. This temple was built by King Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Putu, in 1634.


Puri (palaces) on Bali

Puri on the island of Bali is the name for the residence of Balinese aristocrats, especially those who are still close relatives of Balinese kings. Based on the system of division of triwangsa or caste, the castle is occupied by aristocrats who are knights.

Puri on Bali are ruled by a descendant of the king, who is generally elected by the puri kinship institution. The leader of the puri, who is generally the leader of the puri kinship institution, is usually referred to as the Penglingsir or Pemucuk. The royal descendants can be identified by the titles in their names, for example Ida I Dewa Agung, I Gusti Ngurah Agung, Cokorda, Anak Agung Ngurah, Ratu Agung, Ratu Bagus and others for men; as well as Ida I Dewa Agung Wife, Dewa Ayu, Cokorda Wife, Anak Agung Wife, and others for women.

Entrance-gate of the Puri Saren Agung in Ubud

puri saren ubud


Pura (temples) on Bali

A pura is a Balinese Hindu temple and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Pura’s are built in accordance with rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most pura’s are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest and holiest temple in Bali.
– For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_temple

Besakih Temple is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples.


Old maps of Bali

Bali, 16th century

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 Bali 1750


Source

– History kingdoms on Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bali_Kingdom
– History of Bali: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Bali

– Intervention of the Dutch, 1906: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1906)
– Intervention of the Dutch in 1849: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali_(1849)
– Dutch intervention on Bali (general): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dutch_intervention_in_Bali


 

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