The Kingdom of Timu was a kingdom on the island of Savu. District of Sabu Raijua, prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur.
Location of Savu
About the king today (2020)
Fettor Bernard Tanya, fettor of the kingdom of Timu.
History of the kingdom of Timu
There is no information about the history of this kingdom.
List of kings Timu
* 1672-….: Talo
* 1676: Ama Rohi ….(Ama Rosi)
* 1696: Ludji ….
* 1710-1731: Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) (until March 1731).
This Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) ruled until March 1731 when two of his temukungs, Ama Rati ….. and Leba….. ?, rebelled, since he wished to hand over his throne to his daughter’s son Hili (Sili). Ama Rati thought he had the right to become Du Ae (King). The rebels were supported by Heb’a (Seba) and Liae but Hili (Sili) slipped away to Kupang on 11 March 1731. The Dutch intervened and succeeded to bring about a successful solution. Rohi Rano (Rosi Rano) declared that he was unable to rule any more, being quite old. Therefore his daughter’s son Hili (Sili) (born 1705) succeeded. Hili Hab’a ( Sili Sab’a) then governed from 1731 until his death in 1798, being succeeded by his son Elias J’ara Hili (Elias Dj’ara Sili) (1798-after 1805). In other words, he ruled an astonishing 67 years – must be something of a record in documented Indonesian history! During his reign he was known as the upper regent (hoofd-regent) of Savu. His son, Elias J’ara Hili (Elias Dj’ara Sili) who was alive 1798-1806.
* 1731-1798: Hili Hab’a (Sili Sab’a) (until his death in 1798).
* 1798-1805: Elias J’ara (Dj’ara) Hili (Sili) (after 1805).
* 1832: Rewa D’aga
* 1851-18..: (Ama Hili) Hab’a…..(Sili Sab’a) ruled before 1851-18 ??.
* 1858-186.: Ama Lai (Lay) D’aga…..
* Eduard Dj’ara Ludji.
* 1868: (Ama Piga) Dj’ara….. (until his death in 1911).
Royal dynasty then extinct in direct line. Then the Fettor-lineage began to rule.
* 1908: Saul Wé Tanja (Tanya) Ludji (Fettor of Dimu (Timu) from 1908/Fettor, ruler of Dimu (Timu) from 1911; Fettor of the Sawu-“federation” from 1918. Born ca.1890. Died:???)
* 1905: Tanja Ludji was temporary-Fettor (died 1908)
* Radja Tanja (chief dynasty; son).
* Ludji Wé Tanya; nephew (was known to be the last nominated fettor, but never once ruled). Died early 1990s. By the 1980s the fettors could no longer play their role and fettors’ decendants could no longer be nominated to rule as fettors and are thus now commoners.
History of the island of Sawu
Sabu Island is also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.
Sabu is not included in the list of Majapahit Empire (12th-14th century). But in some sites and in some ancient objects, especially those on the island of Raijua, there is the title Maja.
In 1674, the VOC’s de Carper ship crashed into a rock in the Dimu area. The ship was robbed and its crew was killed. With the help of the kings or leaders of the Amarasi tribe (Timor), the Termanu (Roti) and the Seba tribe, the VOC managed to besiege Hurati’s castle in Dimu area for several months.
In 1756, the VOC signed an agreement with five areas of Sabu; Seba, Mesara, Menia, Dimu and Liae. After some people converted to Christianity in the early days of Portuguese and Dutch population, Christianization and education grew slowly in Sabu than other islands such as Roti, Timor or Flores.
Savu has strong historical ties with Hinduism in Java and the people consider themselves of Hindu origin. The society still performs traditional animistic beliefs, known as Djingi Tiu. Dutch missionaries introduced Protestantism which remains on the islands today.
– Asal-Usul Orang Sabu: https://voxntt.com/2016/09/12/menarik-ini-asal-usul-orang-sabu-ntt/354/
– Sejarah Sabu Raijua: https://saburaijuakab.go.id/halaman/sejarah
– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html
– Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia