Kingdom of Manganitu / Isl. of Sangihe – Prov. Sulawesi Utara

The kingdom of Manganitu is located on the island of Sangihe, Kab. Sangihe Islands, North Sulawesi province.
The Kingdom of Manganitu or also called the Kauhis Kingdom, was centered in Paghulu in 1600 under the reign of King Tolesan or also Liantolosang’s son-in-law of Kulane Ansiga of the Salurang Kingdom.

Location Island of Sangihe

Island of Sangihe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Island of Sangihe


* Foto kingdom of Manganitu: link
* Foto palace kingdom of Manganitu: link
* Foto kingdoms on Sangihe: link


History of the kingdom of Manganitu

The kingdom of Manganitu was a formerly the Kejoguguan Kauhis, ruled by Jogugu Naleng, who was under the rule of the kingdom Tabukan. Jogugu Naleng was the son of queen Lohoraung, who ruled the kingdom of Taghulandang. He should become the Jogugu of Kauhis, because married with Kaengpatola, a child of Kulano Makalupa in Salurang Tabukan.
Kulano
Makalupa was married with Kinding Sangiang, a child of Kulano Menentonau. From the marriage of Naleng and Kaengpatola  there were 2 children: Liungtolosang and Mawirangpakele. When Tolosang should become Jogugu of Kauhis, the King of Tabukan, named Wuatengsemba, changed the jogugu Kauhis into a Kingdom. Tolosang later became the first King the kingdom of Manganitu.
.

List of kings

1) 1600-1645: Tolosang (Liungtolosang)
First king of Manganitu centered in Bowongtiwo.
2) 1645-1670:  Tompoliu (putra raja Tolosang)
Moved the centre of the kingdom to Tatahikang
Died 1670 and burried in Tiala
3) 1670-1675: Bataha Santiago / nama sasahara (Putra raja Tompoliu)
Baptis name Don Sint Jugov Santiago
Born 1622
Moved the centre of the kingdom from Tatahikang to Bowongtiwo.
4) 1675-1694: Charles Diamanti ( Adik dari Bataha Santiago)
Moved the centre of the kingdom from Bowongtiwo to Paghulu
Made a contract with Holland on 10 Desember 1677.
During this time Manganitu was under the rule of Holland.
5) 1694-1725: Marthin Joutulong Takaengetang
Son of the king of Tabukan named Don Fransiskus Makaampo Yuda I.
At this time the center of the kingdom was moved again from Paghulu to Tatahikang. The kingdom of Manganitu received a new territory in the southern part of Manganitu, with the boundary from Batumpuikang to Bitungmahangu. King Takaengetang ordered the people to dig the canal Batunang area and then became the birth of the island Batunderang.

6) 1725-1750: Marthin Don Lazaru
At this time the center of the kingdom was moved from Tatahikang to Paghulu.
At the same time, Paghulu was changed to Karatung.
In 1750 King Lazaru was involved in beheading people and arrested by the Dutch and then exiled to Kaap de Goede Hoop; then moved to Madagascar with 45 families. In old age Lazaru moved to Java until death and buried dikompleks the tomb of the king in Cirebon.

7) 1750-1770: Salmon Grahun Darunaling Katiandagho
At this time the center of the kingdom was moved from Paghulu to Manganitu.
8) 1770-1785: Marthin Lombangsuwu Katiandagho
Son of king S.G.D. Katiandagho.
Died on the island of Balut because he helped his brother, who was at war.
9) 1785-1792: Daniel Katiandagho Darunualing II
Burried in Tabukan.
10) 1785-1792: Bagunda Katiandagho
Younger brother of king Daniel Katiandagho
11) 1817-1848: Dirk Mokodompis Lokombanua III
Son of Jogugu Darongke
12) 1846-1855: Jacob Bastian Tamarol – Tampungan
13) 1855-1860: Hendrik Corneles Jacob Tamarol – Nonde
His grave is under the Mimbar Church Petra Manganitu.
14) 1860-1864: Jacob Laurens Tamarol – Kasehang
Burried in Lapepahe – south Manganitu
15) 1864-1880: Manuel Mokodompis Hariraya – Tanawata

After King‘s death, the kingdom was ruled by Managanitu:
5 people substitute Kings:

1) 1880-1881: S. Tingkue – Pontolaeng
2) 1881-1882: J. Makahekung – Manginteno
3) 1882-1883: D. Katiandagho – Kirahang
4) 1883-1886: Salmon Katiandagho Wintuaheng
5) 1886-1892: Lambert Pontoh

After the reign of king substitutes, there were again kings.
1) 1892-1905: J. E. Mokodompis Tampilang
2) 1905-1944: Wellem Manuel Pandensolang Mokodompis
3) 1945-1949: Alexander Abrosius Darondo (Ambong)

In 1912 the Tamogoyo Territory of the kingdom of Siau was handed over to the Manganitu Kingdom. By King Wellem M.P. Mokodompis, and in 1916 the central kingdom of Manganitu was transferred to Tamako. The name of the kingdom changed into the Manganitu Kingdom of Tamako.
Willem M.P. Mokodompis served as king of Tahuna in 1928-1930 because king Christian Ponto was exiled to Luwuk – Central Sulawesi.
In 1944 King Willem M. P. Mokodompis was arrested by a Japanese soldier named Yamamoto because he was a Dutch spy. January 19, 1945 he was beheaded by Japanese soldiers on the cape of Tahuna.
After King Darondo there was no more King’s appointment.

Willem Manuell Pandensolang Mokodompis, king of Manganitu,


Palace of the kingdom of Manganitu

* Foto palace of Manganitu: link


History of the kingdoms on the island of Sangihe

Google translation

Since the 15th century in P. Sangihe emerged local / traditional government. The first time, evidenced by the records of Magellan clerk in 1421, Antonio Pigaffeta. At Sangihe, Pigafetta noted there were four kings. Two in Siau and one in Tagulandang. But the source of history three centuries later, the results of the writings of F. Valentijn, who came to Sangihe early 18th century, mentioned initially only two kingdoms in Sangihe, namely Tabukan and Kalongan. According to him, later about the year 1670 appeared nine kingdoms in Sangihe, namely:
* Kerajaan Kendahe,
* Kerajaan Taruna,
* Kerajaan Kolongan,
* Kerajaan Manganitu (Kauhis),
* Kerajaan Limau,
* Kerajaan Tabukan,
* Kerajaan Sawang (Saban) dan
* Kerajaan Tamako.

However, the last kingdom (Tamako) became part of Siau. Meanwhile, the king of Limau crushed troops dispatch Padtbrugge. This kingdom was destroyed. And, Sawang joined the kingdom of Taruna and the kingdom of Kolongan. And Kauhis joined Manganitu.
In 1898 the kingdom of Kendahe and the kingdom of Taruna merged into one. It was in these two regions that in 1919king Soleman Ponto ruled with its center in the present city of Tahuna. In the 1900’s the remaining four kingdoms were: Tabukan, Manganitu, Siau and Kendahe-Taruna.


Source Manganitu (only indonesian language)

Sejarah kerajaan Manganitu: https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?id=402494556575845&story_fbid=488880691270564
– Bentuknnya kerajaan Manganitu: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
– Tersisa dari kerajaan Manganitu:  http://www.suaramanado.com/berita/sangihe/sosial-budaya/2011/07/1987/yang-tersisa-dari-kerajaan-manganithu
– Keluarga raja Manganitu sekarang:  http://alffianwalukow.blogspot.co.id/2014/06/keluarga-dan-kerabat-raja-raja-manganitu.html
Foto Adele Paulina Mocodompis, cucu raja Willem Manuel Mocodompis: https://sitaro.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/foto-adele-paulina-mocodompis-cucu-dari-raja-willem-manuel-pandesolang-mocodompis-1905-1942/
Daftar Raja Manganitu:  http://sangihepirua.blogspot.co.id/2011/10/silsilah-raja-manganitu.html
Daftar raja Manganitu: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2011/11/kerajaan-manganitu-kauhis.html
– Keluarga dan kerabat raja raja Manganitu sekarang:  http://alffianwalukow.blogspot.co.id/2014/06/keluarga-dan-kerabat-raja-raja-manganitu.html
Makam raja raja Manganitu: http://alffianwalukow.blogspot.co.id/2014/06/makam-raja-raja-kerajaan-manganitu.html

Source kingdoms on Sangihe (only indonesian language)

Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://9soputan9.blogspot.co.id/2013/11/kerajaan-sangihe-talaud.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://dhevinadalinda.blogspot.co.id/2014/10/cerita-sejarah-raja-gumansalangi-raja.html
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://sangihekab.go.id/home/index.php?document_srl=855&mid=Sejarah
Sejarah kerajaan di Sangihe: http://manado.tribunnews.com/2013/06/25/asal-usul-manado-siau-dan-sangihe-talaud
– Raja raja Sangihe Talaud: http://raja-rajasangihetalaud.blogspot.co.id/2016/08/800×600-normal-0-false-false-false-en.html
– Sejarah kerajaan-kerajaan di Sulawesi Utara: https://arkeologiriset.wordpress.com/2017/11/01/sejarah-sangihe-pilipina/


Old maps of the islands of Sangihe, Talaud dan Tagulandang

Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1700.

——————————-

Islands Sangir (Sangir) and Talaud, 1724

————————————-

Islands Sangihe (Sangir), Talaud and Tagulandang, 1894