.Sultanate of Mataram / Central Jawa

The Sultanate of Mataram: 1588 – 1681. Located on central Jawa.

Provinces on Jawa

* Foto Sultanate of Mataram: link
Foto royal graveyard Pasarean in Kota Gede: link

Line of history sultanate of Mataram

1588-1680: Sultanate of Mataram
1680-1742: Kerajaan Kasunanan Kartasura
1755: Nagari Kasunanan Surakarta Hadiningrat (Kesultanan Surakarta) founded 1755 (untill today)
1755: Nagari Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta (Kesultanan Yogyakarta) founded 1755 (untill today)
1757: Kadipaten Mangkunegara dibentuk 1757 (untill today)
1813: Kadipaten Paku Alam berdiri sejak 1813 (untill today).

History of the sultanate of Mataram

The Sultanate of Mataram was the last major independent Javanese kingdom on Java before the island was colonised by the Dutch. It was the dominant political force radiating from the interior Central Java from the late 16th century until the beginning of the 18th century.
Mataram reached its peak of power during the reign of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (r. 1613 – 1645), and began to decline after his death in 1645.

In 1680 Amangkurat II (reigend 1677-1703) moved the palace to Kartasura (1680), about 5 km west of Pajang, because the old palace was considered contaminated.
Since then the sultanate was called Kasunanan Kartasura.

In 1755 the kingdom was split into the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and the Sultanate of Surakarta.

– Source and comprehensive: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mataram_Sultanate

Jawa, abad ke-17

Sultanate of Mataram during the reign of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo (1613-1645).


Jawa 1700

List of kings

  1. Panembahan Senopati (Panembahan Senopati ing Alaga Sayidin Panatagama Khalifatullah Tanah Jawa): 1587-1601
  2. Raden Mas Jolang (Sri Susuhunan Adi Prabu Hanyakrawati Senapati-ing-Ngalaga Mataram): 1601-1613
  3. Raden Mas Jatmika / Sultan Agung (Sultan Agung Senapati-ing-Ngalaga Abdurrahman): 1613-1645)
  4. Raden Mas Sayidin / Amangkurat I (Kanjeng Susuhunan Prabu Amangkurat Agung): 1646-1677
  5. Amangkurat II: 1677-1703
  6. Amangkurat III: 1703-1704
  7. Pangeran Puger / Pakubuwono I: 1704-1719
  8. Amangkurat IV: 1719-1726
  9. Pakubuwono II: 1726-1749.

– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mataram_Sultanate#List_of_Sultans_of_Mataram

Sultan Agung, 1613-1645

Mas Rangsang titled Sultan Agung Prabu Hanyokrokusumo or better known as Sultan Agung. In his time Mataram expanded to seek influence in Java. The Mataram region included Java and Madura (approximately combined Central Java, Yogyakarta, and East Java now). He moved the location of the palace to Karta (Jw. “Kertå”, then came the title also “Mataram Karta”). As a result of friction in the control of trade between Mataram and VOC based in Batavia, Mataram then coalesced with the Sultanate of Banten and the Sultanate of Cirebon and was involved in several wars between Mataram against the VOC. After his death (buried in Imogiri), he was succeeded by his son Amangkurat (Amangkurat I).

History of the Keratons (palaces)

* Old keraton in Karta was built by Sultan Agung (father of Amangkurat I) between 1614 and 1622 and made of wood.
Foto keraton Karta: link

Keraton Plered
was the royal palace built by Amangkurat I of Mataram. Amangkurat moved from the old palace in Karta, built by Sultan Agung (father of Amangkurat I) between 1614 and. Plered was built with brick. The construction work in Plered was finished in 1666. It is located in Pleret, Bantul, to the north-east of Karta.
Kraton Plered was abandoned in 1680 by the son of Amangkurat I, Amangkurat II, who moved to Kartasura.
Foto keraton Plered: link

* Keraton Kartasura was built by Sunan Amangkurat II or Sunan Amangkurat Amral (1677-1703) because the Mataram Palace Pleret had been occupied by the enemy (Trunajaya).
Foto Keraton Kartasura: link

Sixty-six years Kartasura Palace was officially inhabited by Sunan Amangkurat II (1677-1702), although its construction was still not perfect. Precisely on September 11, 1680. King of Mataram who was originally named Prince Adipati Anom was the first king who lived in Kartasura1745, Keraton Kartasura officially moved to Keraton Surakarta, about 10 kilometers east of the old palace.

* Keraton Surakarta
This palace was founded by Susuhunan Pakubuwana II in 1744 as a substitute Palace / Palace Kartasura.
– Foto Keraton Surakarta: link

* Keraton Yogyakarta was build by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I a few months after the Giyanti Agreement in 1755.
– Photo Keraton Yogyakarta: link

Graveyard of the kings of Mataram in Kota Gede

Kotagede (also Kota Gede, Javanese for “Big City”) is a historic neighborhood in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Kotagede contains the remains of the first capital of Mataram Sultanate, established in the 16th century. Some of the remains of the old Kotagede are remains of the palace, the royal cemetery, the royal mosque, and defensive walls and moats.
– Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kotagede

Source (english)

– History on Wiki: Wiki
History of Mataram: link

Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kesultanan Mataram: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kesultanan_Mataram
Sejarah kesultanan Mataram: http://www.sejarahnusantara.com/kerajaan-islam/sejarah-kejayaan-kesultanan-mataram-tahun-1588-1681-dan-pembentukan-kesultanan-ngayogyakarta-dan-kasunanan-surakarta-akibat-perjanjian-giyanti-13-februari-1755-10041.htm
Sejarah kesultanan Islam Mataram: http://www.kopi-ireng.com/2015/03/sejarah-kerajaan-kesultanan-mataram.html
Daftar Raja Mataram: Wiki
– 6 Raja kesultanan Mataram: http://www.satujam.com/kerajaan-mataram/