The Kingdom of LiaE was a kingdom on the island of Savu, in the province of NTT.
Location of the island of Savu
About the king (2017)
King of Liae, 2017: Doae / Raja Hernimus Alexzander Riwu.
History of the kingdom
There is no information about the history of this kingdom.
List of kings
1) Kale L’odo first king of Liae, installed by the dutch.
2) Riwu Manu (2nd idem). Second king of Liae installed by the dutch
3) J’ami Riwu Manu (ruled about 1721).
4) 1726 – ?: Mone Bengu
5) 1747: Mone Bengu (f.i. in 1747 ?).
6) 1752-1765: Kore Rohi
7) 1758-1760: Kore Lone
8) 1767-1794: Manu Kore (ruled before 1767 until about 1794). King Manu Kore of Liae was also dubbed the “Little Ruler”, starting in 1758 (as a minor, he ruled with his father, Kore Lone).
9) 1832: Ama Moye Keloa,
10) 1852-1859: Ama Iye Yote,
11) 1859-1868: Ama B’aki B’ela,
12) 1868-1918: Hendrik Ratu Manu (Ama Amoe) Manoe Beliau. He was baptized 1874, he was the last king of Sabu who became a Christian, having been preceded by the king of Seba and others. Ruled 1868-1918. The date of his death is not known with certainty. When his son also died, then the power of the royal dynasty of Liae from the direct line became extinct. Then began the fettor-ness period beginning to reign directly in the Liae region).
13)……..Riwu Ratu (19..-19..; son of 11). King Riwu Ratu was still in power until 1936, but under the fettor-an (Vice-King Seba) system, because all the kingdoms in Sabu were united (annexed) by the Dutch. Between 1914-1918, the power of the Liae Empire was under the influence of King Heb’a (Seba). At that time in Sabu Raijua, the Government of the Netherlands East Indies required every former kingdom to continue its own government with the system of fettor-an, who was subordinate to the authority of the king Seba. In 1905 Fettor (Vice King Seba) in Liae, held by Fettor Radja Hab’a, who was appointed by the Dutch East Indies Government under a contract in 1894.
14) Rohi Radja Hab’a Rohi Radja Hab’a, son of former Fettor of Liae, when Liae was still officially separated by the kingdom, later became Liae’s ruler. By 1940 he had become Fettor.
King of Liae and family (about 1900).
History of the island of Sawu
Sabu Island is also known as Savu or Sawu. Residents on the island itself call their island Rai Hawu, which means Land of Hawu. And Sabu people call themselves Do Hawu. The official name used by local government is Sabu. Sabu people explains, that the island’s name is derived from the name of Ga Hawu, the name of one of their ancestors, who are considered came to the island first. Initial contact was with the Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Companie in 1648. References to Savu from the period invariably concern Savunese soldiers, mercenaries or slaves. In 1674, the crew of a Dutch sloop were massacred in East Savu, after their vessel ran aground. The Dutch responded by forming an alliance with the raja of Seba, so troops could be sent in to retaliate. However, they failed to enter the fortress of Hurati, in B’olou Village of Eastern Savu, as it was ringed by three defensive walls. To save face, the Dutch force accepted payment in the form of slaves, gold and beads.
right: Hernimus Riwu, king of Liae and left: king of Raijua.
Sabu is not included in the list of Majapahit Empire (12th-14th century). But in some sites and in some ancient objects, especially those on the island of Raijua, there is the title Maja.
In 1674, the VOC’s de Carper ship crashed into a rock in the Dimu area. The ship was robbed and its crew was killed. With the help of the kings or leaders of the Amarasi tribe (Timor), the Termanu (Roti) and the Seba tribe, the VOC managed to besiege Hurati’s castle in Dimu area for several months.
In 1756, the VOC signed an agreement with five areas of Sabu; Seba, Mesara, Menia, Dimu and Liae. After some people converted to Christianity in the early days of Portuguese and Dutch population, Christianization and education grew slowly in Sabu than other islands such as Roti, Timor or Flores.
Savu has strong historical ties with Hinduism in Java and the people consider themselves of Hindu origin. The society still performs traditional animistic beliefs, known as Djingi Tiu. Dutch missionaries introduced Protestantism which remains on the islands today.
– Asal-Usul Orang Sabu: https://voxntt.com/2016/09/12/menarik-ini-asal-usul-orang-sabu-ntt/354/
– Sejarah Sabu Raijua: https://saburaijuakab.go.id/halaman/sejarah
– Sejarah Kab. Savu Raijua: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabupaten_Sabu_Raijua#Sejarah
– Sejarah Suku Savu: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.co.id/2015/01/sejarah-suku-sawu.html
– Royals try to come back (2010): kerajaan indonesia