The kingdom of Sungai Lemau was located on Sumatera, provinsi Bengkulu.
History of the kingdom
Beginning of the 17th century. Princess Gading Cempaka was the youngest daughter of King Ratu Agung, who came from Majapahit kingdom. According to the story, princess Cempaka was the ancestor of kings, who once ruled in the kingdom of Sungai Lema.
Princess Ivory Cempaka married with Maharaja Sakti. After marriage a new royal center was built.
Since the kingdom was located in Kuala Lemau River, the kingdom was renamed the into the kingdom of Sungai Lemau. King Maharaja Sakti led the Lemau River empire wisely. He and his queen, Princess Gading Cempaka, lived happily.
History kingdoms in Bengkulu
In Bengkulu existed in the past kingdoms, based on ethnicity / tribes.
NB: kerajaan = kingdom
- Kerajaan Sungai Serut
- Kerajaan Selebar
- Kerajaan Pat Petulai
- Kerajaan Balai Buntar
- Kerajaan Sungai Lemau
- Kerajaan Sekiris
- Kerajaan Gedung Agung
- Kerajaan Marau Riang
They were under the sultanate of Banten and they became vazal (bound / conquered area). Some areas of Bengkulu, also had been under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century. The British East India Company (EIC) had since 1685 established the Bencoolen / Coolen pepper trade center.
At that time, the EIC expedition was led by Ralph Ord and William Cowley to find a replacement for the pepper center after the Port of Banten fell into the hands of the VOC, and the EIC was barred from trading there. The Treaty of the kingdom of Selebar on July 12, 1685 permitted England to erect fortresses and various commercial buildings. The York Castle was founded in 1685 around the mouth of the Serut River.
From 1714, a fortress called Marlborough was built and completed in 1719, which remains standing today. However, the company gradually realized it was not profitable, because it did not produce enough pepper.
Since the implementation of the London Agreement in 1824, Bengkulu was handed over to the Netherlands in exchange for Malacca as well as affirmation of ownership of Tumasik / Singapore and Belitung Island. Since that agreement Bengkulu became part of the Dutch East Indies.
The discovery of the gold deposit in Rejang Lebong area in the second half of the 19th century made it a gold mining center until the 20th century. Now, commercial mining activities have been discontinued since the depletion of the deposit.
– Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengkulu
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://www.ceritarakyatnusantara.com/id/folklore/288-putri-gading-cempaka#
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://blogkasihpunya.blogspot.nl/2017/01/kerajaan-sungai-serut-dan-sungai-lemau.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/449/kerajaan-sungai-lemau