Kingdom of Sungai Lemau / Sumatera, Prov. Bengkulu

The kingdom of Sungai Lemau was located on Sumatera, provinsi Bengkulu.

Prov. of Bengkulu


* Foto sultans and kings today on Sumatera: link
* Foto sultans and kings on Sumatera in the past: link

* Foto kingdoms in Simalungun area: link
* Foto small kingdoms in Aceh in the past: link

* Foto Minangkabau People: link
* Foto Batak People: link
* Foto old sites on Sumatera: link


History of the kingdom of Sungai Lemau

Beginning of the 17th century. Princess Gading Cempaka was the youngest daughter of King Ratu Agung, who came from Majapahit kingdom. According to the story, princess Cempaka was the ancestor of kings, who once ruled in the kingdom of Sungai Lema.
Princess Ivory Cempaka married with Maharaja Sakti. After marriage a new royal center was built.
Since the kingdom was located in Kuala Lemau River, the kingdom was renamed the into the kingdom of Sungai Lemau. King Maharaja Sakti led the Lemau River empire wisely. He and his queen, Princess Gading Cempaka, lived happily.

Family tree of the kings of Sungai Lemau


History of the kingdoms in the Bengkulu area

The region of Bengkulu was subject to the Buddhist Srivijaya empire in the 8th century. The Shailendra Kingdom and Singosari Kingdom succeeded the Srivijaya kingdom, but it is unclear whether they spread their influence over Bengkulu. The Majapahit also had little influence over Bengkulu. There were only few smalls ‘kedatuan’ based on ethnicity such as in

In the region of Bengkulu once were ethnic-based kingdoms such as: kingdom of Sungai Serut,
kingdom of Selebar,
kingdom of Pat Petulai,
kingdom of Balai Buntar,
kingdom of Sungai Lemau,
kingdom of Sekiris,
kingdom of Gedung Agung,
kingdom of Marau Riang.

They were under the sultanate of Banten, as vazals.
Some areas of Bengkulu, also were under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century.
Some areas of Bengkulu, also were under the authority of the Kingdom of Inderapura since the 17th century.

The first European visitors to the area were the Portuguese, followed by the Dutch in 1596. The English East India Company established a pepper-trading center and garrison at Bengkulu (Bencoolen) in 1685. In 1714 the British built Fort Marlborough, which still stands.

In 1785, the area was integrated into British Empire as Bencoolen, while the rest of Sumatra and most of the Indonesian archipelago was part of the Dutch East Indies. Despite the difficulties of keeping control of the area while Dutch colonial power dominated the rest of Sumatra, the British persisted, maintaining their presence for roughly 140 years before ceding Bengkulu to the Dutch as part of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Malacca. Bengkulu then remained part of the Dutch East Indies.


Source (only indon. language)

– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://www.ceritarakyatnusantara.com/id/folklore/288-putri-gading-cempaka#
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://blogkasihpunya.blogspot.nl/2017/01/kerajaan-sungai-serut-dan-sungai-lemau.html
– Sejarah kerajaan Sungai Lemau: http://melayuonline.com/ind/history/dig/449/kerajaan-sungai-lemau


Blog at WordPress.com.

%d bloggers like this: