Kingdom of Suwawa / Sulawesi, Prov. Gorontalo

The kingdom of Suwawa was located on Sulawesi, provinsi Gorontalo, Kabupaten Bone Bolango.

Location of Suwawa

Provinsi Gorontalo


* Foto old Sulawesi, tribes on Sulawesi and ancient sites: link


About the kingdom

Before the colonial period of Gorontalo region, the kingdoms were arranged according to the customary law. The kingdoms were incorporated in a family bond called “Pohala’a”. According to Haga (1931) Gorontalo area there were five pohala’a:

  • Pohala’a Gorontalo
  • Pohala’a Limboto
  • Pohala’a Suwawa
  • Pohala’a Boalemo
  • Pohala’a Atinggola

According to historical records, the Peninsula of Gorontalo was formed more or less 1300 years ago, and the Kingdom of Suwawa has been found exising around the year 700 AD or in the 8th century AD. This is confirmed by the discovery of the tombs of the kings on the banks of the river Bulawa. Not only that, the tomb of other kings of Suwawa can be found in the upper river Bone, the tomb of King Moluadu (one of Kings in Suwawa Kingdom) along with the grave of his wife and his son.
However, as one of the oldest peninsula in Sulawesi and the archipelago, the Gorontalo Peninsula not only has a historical record on the inscriptions of the tombs of his king, but also has prehistoric sites that have been found.

Suwawa has many similarities with Mongondow, according to the story, that these two areas were formerly ruled by two brothers, King Pulumoduyo in Suwawa and King Mooduto in Bolaang Mongondow. These two brothers once fought and ended with the death of King Pulumuduyo in the area now called Pinogu (Pinogumbata / Pilohumbala) a plain in the enclave of Bogani National Park Nani Wartabone (around Pinogu Lama). The tomb complex of Kings of Suwawa Kingdom can still be found in the upstream area of Bulawa river, at the foot of Sinandaha hill. There is the tomb of King Moluadu and his wife Queen Sendena and her two children, in the upper river Bone.
– Sumber: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorontalo


List of kings of Suwawa

  • Ige (królowa Suwawy na terenie Celebesu Południowego ok. 1350-1380)
  • Dulanoali ( 1380-1390)
  • Luadu (1390-1400)
  • Buruali (1400-1410)
  • Aidugia (1410-1420)
  • Purubulawan (1420-1430)
  • Ohito (1430-1450)
  • Maindoa (1450-1470)
  • Mooduto I (1470-1500)
  • Biini I (1500-1510)
  • Bomboluawo (1510-1530)
  • Tilagunde (1530-1550)
  • Gulimbala (1550)
  • Dagutanga (1550-1570)
  • Mooduto II (1570-1590)
  • Mooluado (1590-1600)
  • Aibugia (1600-1610)
  • Dulandimo (1610-1620)
  • Pongoliu (1620-1640)
  • Gulanguma (1640-1650)
  • Bouwa (1650-1660)
  • Gintaelangi (1660-1680)
  • Biini II (1680-1700)
  • Bobigi (1700-1706)
  • Tilombe (1706-1720)
  • Pulubulawan (1720-1730)
  • Bumbulo (1730-1746)
  • Walango (1746-1798)
  • Mogolaingo (1798-1800)
  • Pulumodoiong (1800-1830)
  • Humungo (1830-1839)
  • Sapjatidien Iskandar Muhammad Wartabone Illahu (1839-1858)
  • Abd al-Latif Muhammad Tengaho (1858-1870)
  • Interregnum 1870-1902
  • Ahmad Adam (1902-1907)
  • Dżahari Wartabone (regent 1907-1925)
  • Jahja Udopu Camaru (ok. 1925-?)

Source (only indon. language)

– Tentang suku Suwawa: http://protomalayans.blogspot.nl/2012/10/suku-suwawa-sulawesi.html
Sejarah kerajaan Suwawa: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorontalo
– Sejarah kerajaan Suwawa: http://www.gorontaloprov.go.id/profil/sejarah
– Asal mula nama Pinogu (Suwawa sekarang): http://pinogu.blogspot.nl/2008/05/sejarah-asal-mula-nama-pinogu.html


Foto

First left: Jogugu of Suwawa

Ismail Pongoliu Usman, Jogugu of Suwawa, 1941