Kingdom of Kolana / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The Kingdom of Kolana is located on the island of Alor. District of Alor. Prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location of the island of Alor

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Location of the island of Alor


* Foto kingdom of Kolana: below

* Foto kings (today and past) on Alor: link
* Foto tribes on Alor: link


About the king

Info from Crown Prince of Kolana (august 2014), Pdt Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh:
The name of the last king is Rugter Gerson Makunimau. He died in 2005. And I am his olderst child.

Crown prince Teddy Makunimau with wife and son. 2019.

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Info from Theodora Makoenimau (des. 2017):

Google translation !

King during Dutch colonial period was King Christofel Makoenimau, at that time Markus Makoenimau (the young king) was the aide of Christofel king.
After the independence of Indonesia Markus Makoenimau replaced king Christofel with the status of “Swap of the King”  in 1946 – 1962.
And at that time Willem Makoenimau was as an assistent of the king (king of Muda).
After 1962 Willem Makoenimau succeeded King Mark Makoenimau as king of Kolana and at the same time as the First Sub-District Head of East Alor, whose territory included the kingdom of Kolana (which is now Alor Timur Subdistrict, Alor Timur Laut and Pureman).

The existing kingdom of heirlooms was an heirloom handed over by the Dutch in the form of the Royal Scepter indicating that King Mausina (Mika Makoenimau) was King Kolana.
And the royal heirloom (the Scepter of the Kingdom) is still there to this day and is in the kolana and guarded by the father of Joseph Makoenimau.

King of Kolana, with his staff, 1926.


History kingdom of Kolana

There were several kingdoms on the island ofAlor. Among others:
* Kingdom of Kui,
* Kingdom of Alor,
* Kingdom of Batulolong.

The Makunimau dynasty is one of the best dynasties in Indonesia. Already his ancestors were described as very welwilling and cooperating kings of Kolana.
Kolana is one of the four great empires in Alor: the others are Kui, Alor and Batulolong. Sometimes people, especially from outside the island, also take Mataru and Pureman into the list of Alor kingdoms. Pureman joined Kolana in 1927, but remained under the authority of the king himself; now under the title Kapitan.
Currently very popular Regent Alor / Pantar is also a member of the royal dynasty Kolana: Ir. Ans Takalepeta.


List of kings

1. Christofel Makunimau.
2. Wellem Christian Makunimau.
3. Rugter Gerson Makunimau
4. Putera Mahkota (2014): Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau

– Source: Pdt Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh, Putera Mahkota Kolana.


Kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: kerajaan = kingdom

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.


History of the kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: Google translation !

According to stories circulating in the Alor community, the oldest kingdom in Alor Regency is the Abui kingdom in the interior of the Alor mountains and the Munaseli kingdom on the eastern tip of the island of Pantar. Once upon a time, these two kingdoms were involved in a Magic War. They used magical powers to destroy each other. Munaseli sent bees to Abui, whereas Abui sent a hurricane and fire to Munaseli. This war was finally won by Munaseli.

It is said that the skull of King of Abui, who led the war is currently still stored in a cave in Mataru. The next kingdoms that were founded were the Pandai kingdom which was located near the Munaseli kingdom and the Bunga Bali Kingdom which was centered in Alor Besar. Munaseli and Pandai, who are neighbors, are also involved in a war which causes Munaseli to ask for help from the king of the Majapahit kingdom, considering that he had previously lost the war against Abui.

Around the early 1300s, detachments of the Majapahit royal aid army arrived in Munaseli, but all they found were ruins of the Munaseli kingdom, while the inhabitants had fled to various places in Alor. In the end, many of the Majapahit soldiers decided to stay at Munaseli, so it is not surprising that currently many Munaseli people have Javanese looks. The of sending Majapahit soldiers to Munaseli was the background for the mention of Galiau (Pantar) in the book Negarakartagama by Empu Prapanca which he wrote during the heyday of Majapahit (1367). The same book also mentions Galiau Watang Lema or island coastal areas.

Galiau which consists of 5 kingdoms, namely Kui and Bunga Bali in Alor and Blagar, Pandai and Baranua in Pantar. The alliance of 5 kingdoms on the coast is believed to have a close relationship with one another. Even their kings claim to have the same ancestry.

The founders of the 5 coastal kingdoms were 5 Putra Mau Wolang from Majapahit and they grew up in Pandai. The oldest among them ruled the area. At this time there was an agreement being agreed, where the agreement was called the Lisbon treaty in 1851.

Based on the records of Antonio Pigafetta, a scientist and explorer from Venice, on January 9 to 25, 1522, the island of Alor-Pantar was visited by the ship Victoria, the last remnant of the Magellan fleet. Antonio wrote that when he got to Alor-Pantar, he found the inhabitants of the island as savage as animals and eating human flesh. They have no king and are not clothed. They only wear bark, unless they go to the battlefield.

Historically, during Portuguese rule, the Portuguese in Alor were limited to raising the flag in several coastal areas, such as in Kui, Mataru, Batulolong, Kolana, and Blagar. Likewise during the early days of the Dutch occupation, it was limited to the recognition of the rulers who were on the coast and on the placement of a Posthouder in Alor Kecil, precisely at the entrance to Kabola Bay in 1861.

With the Lisbon Treaty in 1851, the Alor islands were handed over to the Dutch and the island of Atauru was handed over to the Portuguese. The Portuguese themselves never actually occupied Alor, although there are still remains of Portuguese times such as a large anchor in Alor Kecil.

In 1911, the Dutch colonial government moved the main sea port and center of the Alor Government from Alor Kecil to Kalabahi. Kalabahi was chosen because the terrain is wider and the sea is more shady. The city of Kalabahi means Kusambi tree, which used to cover the plains. With the transfer of the center of power to Kalabahi, the Dutch colonial government placed Mr. Bouman as the first Controller in Alor. Previously, a sign of the Dutch colonial presence in Alor, only consisted of a post guard and a soldier with the rank of lieutenant.

During the Bouman controller period, several Dutch government employees were brought in. Efforts to Christianize animists have also begun. The first baptism was performed in 1908 on Dulolong beach. At this time Alor consisted of 5 kingdoms, namely Kui, Batulolong, Kolana, Baranusa and Alor. The territory of Alor Kingdom covered the entire Kabola body (northern part of the island of Alor).

In 1912 there was a transfer of the king’s power from the Tulimau dynasty in Alor Besar to the Nampira dynasty in Dulolong. The Dutch colonial government preferred Nampira Bukang to be the king of Alor because he was educated and fluent in Dutch. As compensation, the Tulimau crown prince was appointed as captain of the Overtime. This transfer of power led to several rebellions but was suppressed with the help of the Dutch, so that this transfer of power indirectly became the seed of one of the black pages of Alor’s history with the killing of Bala Nampira.

During the Dutch occupation in 1910-1916, the Dutch faced many challenges from the people of Alor-Pantar. The kingdoms that are known to often fight are the Bunga Bali Kingdom, the Kui Kingdom, the Kolana Kingdom, the Pureman Kingdom, the Mataru Kingdom, the Batulolong Kingdom, the Baranusa Kingdom, the Pandai Kingdom, and the Blagar Kingdom. However, the Dutch with divide et impera (politics of division or politics of fighting against each other) and Korte Verklaring (Short Agreement) finally succeeded in conquering the kings. Of the 9 kingdoms that often fought back, the Dutch ended up downsizing and left behind 4 kingdoms, namely the Kui Kingdom, the Alor Pantar Kingdom, the Kolana Kingdom, and the Batulolong Kingdom. Thus, it is easier for the Dutch to carry out supervision.


Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Batulolong:  http://jonlambai.blogspot.co.id/2010/11/ringkasan-sejarah-perjalanan-raja.html
Injil masuk kerajaan Batulolong (2009)http://www.kompasiana.com/john.lambai.com/injil-masuk-kerajaan-batulolong-alor-ntt_55005c09a33311a872510cd6
– Daftar raja Batulolong sebelum penjajahan:  http://jonlambai.blogspot.co.id/2010/11/ringkasan-sejarah-perjalanan-raja.html
Daftar raja Batulolong abad ke-20, oleh D.P.Tick: https://batulolong.wordpress.com/2009/08/10/batulolongku/
Tentang raja Batulolong (2008): http://indonesianrecretion.blogspot.co.id/2008/09/raja-constantijn-karimalei-of.html
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– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor duludan sekarang:  http://alor-kenari.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/alor-dulu-dan-sekarang.html
– Sejarah Suku Alor: http://suku-dunia.blogspot.nl/2014/08/sejarah-suku-alor-di-nusa-tenggara.html
– Sejarah pulau Alor: http://posalor.blogspot.co.id/2014/02/sejarah-pulau-alor.html
– Masuknya Islam di Alor: http://bz69elzam.blogspot.nl/2008/08/sekilas-sejarah-masuknya-islam-di-alor.html


Foto’s were send by: Pdt Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh.

This is a photo of Mr Yusuf Makunimau. He is the elder in our family to be the land / village owner to guard the kolana area. Source: Rev. Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh, Crown Prince of Kolana

Ini adalah Foto Bapak Yusuf Makunimau. Beliau adalah orang yg dituakan dalam keluarga kami untuk menjadi tuan tanah/kampung untuk menjaga wilayah kolana—————————-
King Rugter Gerson with wife and children

Raja Rugter Gerson bersama istri dan anak-anaknya——————–

King Rutger Gerson

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Grave of a king of Kolana


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