Kingdom of Kolana / Isl. of Alor – Prov. Nusa Tenggara Timur

The Kingdom of Kolana is located on the island of Alor. District of Alor. Prov. of Nusa Tenggara Timur.

Location island of Alor

* Foto kingdoms on the island of Alor: link

About the king

Info from Crown Prince of Kolana (august 2014), Pdt Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh:
The name of the last king is Rugter Gerson Makunimau. He died in 2005. And I am his olderst child.

Google translation

King during Dutch colonial period was King Christofel Makoenimau, at that time Markus Makoenimau (the young king) was the aide of Christofel king.
After the independence of Indonesia Markus Makoenimau replaced king Christofel with the status of “Swap of the King”  in 1946 – 1962.
And at that time Willem Makoenimau was as an assistent of the king (king of Muda).
After 1962 Willem Makoenimau succeeded King Mark Makoenimau as king of Kolana and at the same time as the First Sub-District Head of East Alor, whose territory included the kingdom of Kolana (which is now Alor Timur Subdistrict, Alor Timur Laut and Pureman).

The existing kingdom of heirlooms was an heirloom handed over by the Dutch in the form of the Royal Scepter indicating that King Mausina (Mika Makoenimau) was King Kolana.
And the royal heirloom (the Scepter of the Kingdom) is still there to this day and is in the kolana and guarded by the father of Joseph Makoenimau.

History kingdom of Kolana

There were several kingdoms on the island ofAlor. Among others:
* Kingdom of Kui,
* Kingdom of Alor,
* Kingdom of Batulolong.

The Makunimau dynasty is one of the best dynasties in Indonesia. Already his ancestors were described as very welwilling and cooperating kings of Kolana.
Kolana is one of the four great empires in Alor: the others are Kui, Alor and Batulolong. Sometimes people, especially from outside the island, also take Mataru and Pureman into the list of Alor kingdoms. Pureman joined Kolana in 1927, but remained under the authority of the king himself; now under the title Kapitan.
Currently very popular Regent Alor / Pantar is also a member of the royal dynasty Kolana: Ir. Ans Takalepeta.

List of kings

1. Christofel Makunimau.
2. Wellem Christian Makunimau.
3. Rugter Gerson Makunimau
4. Putera Mahkota (2014): Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau

– Source: Pdt Timotius Eko Pujianto Makunimau STh, Putera Mahkota Kolana.

Kingdoms on the island of Alor

NB: kerajaan = kingdom

* Kerajaan Abui,
* Kerajaan Alor,
* Kerajaan Batulolong,
* Kerajaan Bungabali,
* Kerajaan Kolana,
* Kerajaan Kui,
* Kerajaan Mataru,
* Kerajaan Munaseli,
* Kerajaan Pandai,
* Kerajaan Pureman.

History of the island of Alor

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese is a Malayo-Polynesian language.

In a grave on Alor, five fishhooks were found under the chin and jaw of a woman, dating back to 12,000 years.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans in the region in the 16th century. Alor was then considered the home of cannibals, who did not want to be converted to Catholic Christianity. Only later did Calvinists succeed in converting part of the population. Previously, Islam could establish itself in parts of the island. In Greater Alor (Alor Besar), a 12th-century Koran is kept, which was brought here in 1500 from the Moluccan island of Ternate by five missionaries.
In 1851, Portuguese Governor José Joaquim Lopes de Lima, without authorization from Lisabon, sold Portugal’s claims of the Alor Archipelago and other areas on the Lesser Sunda Islands, nominally under Portuguese sovereignty, to the Netherlands for 200,000 florins.
Lopes de Lima fell out of favor and was deposed and arrested when Lisabon learned of the treaty. On the return journey to Portugal he died in Batavia. From 1854 the agreements were renegotiated. The Lisbon Treaty finally confirmed the sale. The ratification took place in 1859. However, the old connections between Alor and the Portuguese Timor still existed for a long time. In 1886, the locals paid Alors an annual tribute to the Liurai of Liquiçá, in the form of rice, corn, cotton and more.

Source (only indon. language)

Sejarah kerajaan Batulolong:
Injil masuk kerajaan Batulolong (2009)
– Daftar raja Batulolong sebelum penjajahan:
Daftar raja Batulolong abad ke-20, oleh D.P.Tick:
Tentang raja Batulolong (2008):

– Sejarah pulau Alor di Wiki: link
– Alor duludan sekarang:
– Sejarah Suku Alor:
– Sejarah pulau Alor:
– Masuknya Islam di Alor: