The kingdom of Perumpak is located on the island of Sumbawa, Desa Leseng, Kecamatan Moyo Hulu, kabupaten Sumbawa.
About the kingdom
Kingdom Parumpak is famous for the story of Baduk Kakiang, a story that tells that two people, who supposedly said they were magic and immune to any weapon. Baduk and Kakiang want to test the immunity and the supernatural powers of both. After hours of reply to each other’s blows and the best powers they have had, the fight never ended and neither one of them was a winner.
Then the two gave pauses in their fight and agreed to release the talisman believed to be a source of strength and immunity they had; after both released the talisman, the two started the fight again and soon both fell and collapsed lifeless due to a machete pierced on the body to each other . The villagers buried both on the hill beside olat maras which until now we can still visit.
Short history of the island of Sumbawa
The 14th-century Nagarakretagama mentioned several principalities identified to be on Sumbawa; Dompu, Bima, Sape and Sang Hyang Api volcanic island just offcoast of northeast Sumbawa. Four principalities in western Sumbawa were dependencies of the Majapahit Empire of eastern Java. Because of Sumbawa’s natural resources, it was regularly invaded by outside forces – from Javanese, Balinese, Makassarese, Dutch and Japanese. The Dutch first arrived in 1605, but did not effectively rule Sumbawa until the early 20th century.
The Balinese kingdom of Gelgel ruled western Sumbawa for a short period as well. The eastern parts of the island were also home to the Sultanate of Bima, an Islamic polity that had links to Bugis and Makasarese people of South Sulawesi, as well as other Malay-Islamic polities in the archipelago.Historical evidence indicates that people on Sumbawa island were known in the East Indies for their honey, horses, sappan wood for producing red dye, and sandalwood used for incense and medications. The area was thought to be highly productive agriculturally.
In the 18th century, the Dutch introduced coffee plantation on the western slopes of Mount Tambora, a volcano on the north side of Sumbawa, thus creating the Tambora coffee variant. Tambora’s colossal eruption in 1815 was one of the most powerful of all time, ejecting 150 cubic kilometres (36 cu mi) of ash and debris into the atmosphere. The eruption killed up to 71,000 people and triggered a period of global cooling known as the “Year Without a Summer” in 1816. It also apparently destroyed a small culture of Southeast Asian affinity, known to archaeologists as the “Tambora culture”.
Old map of Sumbawa (Cambaua)
Klik here for old maps of Sumbawa 1598, 1606 Sumbawa / Nusantara, 1614, 1615, 1697 Sumbawa / Nusantara 1800-an, 1856, 1856, 1910.
Source Perumpak (only indon. language)
– Tentang kerajaan Perumpak: http://sekitarmuadacerita.blogspot.nl/2016/08/cerita-rakyat-dari-desa-pernek.html
– Tentang kerajaan Perumpak: https://desapernek.wordpress.com/about/
– Kerajaan kecil di Sumbawa: http://pepenk26.blogspot.nl/2011/12/catatan-dari-sumbawa.html
Source history island of Sumbawa (only indon. language)
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: https://ihinsolihin.wordpress.com/artikel/sejarah-raja-pemerintahan-di-sumbawa/
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://sejarahini.blogspot.co.id/2013/06/sejarah-singkat-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://www.galeribudaya.com/2017/10/sejarah-pulau-sumbawa.html
– Sejarah pulau Sumbawa: http://lsotour.blogspot.co.id/2012/01/sejarah-singkat-sumbawa.html