The kingdom of Wehali is located on the island of Timor, District Malaka, provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur.
This kingdom is often mentioned together with its neighbouring sister kingdom, as Wewiku-Wehali (Waiwiku-Wehale).
Location of Timor
History of the kingdom of Wehali
Wehali (Wehale, Waihali, Veale) is the name of a traditional kingdom at the southern coast of Central Timor. It is often mentioned together with its neighbouring sister kingdom, as Wewiku-Wehali (Waiwiku-Wehale). Wehali held a position of ritual seniority among the many small Timorese kingdoms.
The king was called “great lord” (Nai Bot) who held the title of Maromak Oan (“son of God”). His task was ritually passive, in a symbolic sense “female”, and he kept an executive “male” regent or assistant by his side, the Liurai (“surpassing the land”).
The Magellan expedition, who visited Timor in 1522, described the importance of the Wewiku-Wehali kingdom. In the seventeenth century the ruler of Wehali was described as “an emperor, whom all the kings on the island adhere to with tribute, as being their sovereign”.He entertained friendly contacts with the Muslim kingdom of Makassar, but his power was checked by devastating invasions by the Portugese in 1642 and 1665. Wehali was now brought inside the Portuguese sphere of power but appears to have had limited contact with its colonial suzerain.
A colonial borderline on Timor was finally agreed on in 1859, which left Wehali on the Dutch side. The Dutch proceeded to restructure the administrative divisions of Belu in 1915-16, trying to use traditional rulers as rajas under colonial surveillance. The Maromak Oan, Baria Nahak, died in 1925, and the Dutch unsuccessfully tried to use his nephew Seran Nahak as Raja of Belu in 1925-30. After the achievement of independence for Indonesia in 1949, the traditional forms of governance were phased out, but the traditional elite groups still retain an amount of local importance.
Because the paramount ruler of the whole of Timor (at least in the 20th century as symbol/in name): the Maromak Oan became in the 1920-ies Roman Catholic, this real way of rule ceased to exist, because the old ruling system had to much to do with the old religion.
When Liurai Luis /Louis SEnaka Teeseran (Tei Serang) of Malakka died 11-5-2003 his rival for years (since 1989; chief of the traditional council)), Dominikus Tei Seran (from another branch) installed himself 9-8-2003. There are 2 other pretenders for the dignity. Both are attached to 2 also rival Emperors of the whole of Timor (theoretically), but in fact nowadays only of Belu-area (Waiwiku Wehali): the Maromak Oans, respectively: A(u)gustinus Nahah Seran and the also in Laran living Agustin Klau(the uncle of his wife). The Maromak Oan title ceased to exist after the abdication of the last Emperor/Maromak Oan Hendrikus Nahak Seran. He was Maromak Oan 1925-1930.
– Source: Wiki
Wewiku and Wehali also had each their own raja. Wewiku was formed by the rajaships of Wewiku, Umalor, Rabassa, Wedrok and Haitimuk. Normally the ruler of Wewiku district is the raja of Wewiku. So this raja is the raja of total Wewiku.
The Maromak Oan of the kingdom of Wehali
The term / title Maromak Oan or Neno Anan is a unique term that only exists on the island of Timor, especially the Wesei Wehali Kingdom and does not exist in other kingdoms.
Maromak Oan’s hierarchy is above that of Liurai Timor. Some of the hierarchical structures of power in Timor are Maromak Oan as the highest hierarchy. Furthermore, under Maromak Oan there is Liurai. Under Liurai there is Loro-Loro and under Loro-Loro is Nai-Nai.
Maromak Oan or Neno Anan is an embed name given to every ruling king in Wesei Wehali which means that every king or ruler in the kingdom is Neno Anan or the Son of God.
Neno Anan or Maromak Oan as a ruler is appointed by Allah to rule; the title Neno Anan is appropriate because his power comes from above and is determined by Uis Neno / Allah himself from generation to generation until the time his power ends.
Keser Maromak Oan Hendricus Nahak Seran v Wewiku Wehale. Sumber Jan Geerdink, FB
List of kings of Wehali
I List of Maromak Oan (-sumber: https://en.wikipedia.org)
- Lakki Lorok
- Halau Tuan
- Sera Berek Tuan
- Baria Korat
- Baria Fahuk Tuan
- Bere Klau [cucu Baria Korat]
- Seran Berek [nephew]
- Barai Korak
- Baria Fahuk [nephew Seran Berek]
- Baria Baek [nephew]
- Baria Nahak (1892-1925) [nephew]
- Seran Nahak (1925-1930; wafat 1970) [nephew]
II List of Liurai (king) of Wehali
- Hoa Diak Malaka
- Dasin Don Peur
- Dasin Dinik Liurai
- Dasin Neken Liurai
- Dasin Bada Mataus
- Dasin Don Alesu Fernandes
- Dasin Liurai Muskita
- Seran Tae Boboto Rui
- Dasin Tei Seran
- Dasin Tere Atok Liurai I
- Dasin Tere Atok II
- Dasin Tey Seran Liurai
- Josef Seran Fatin (Nai Bot Liurai Malaka)
- Anton Tey Seran
- Louis Sanaka Tey Seran
- Petrus Muti Pareira.
Raja Edmundus Klai Muti of Wewiku-Belu (died 1999)
Maps of kingdoms on Timor, 1900
Old maps of Timor
For old maps of Timor (1521, 1550, 1600, 1650, 1733), klik here
Source (only indon. language)
– Sejarah kerajaan Wehali di Wiki: link
– Sejarah kerajaan Wehali: http://everything.explained.today/Wehali/
– Tentang Wehale (2005): http://riaulingga.blogspot.co.id/2005/08/waihale-west-timor-ntt.html
– Kerajaan Wewiku Wehali, kerajaan tertua di Timor: http://www.vnewsmedia.com/wesei-wehali-kerajaan-tertua-di-pulau-timor/
Important persons of adat of Liurai Malaka Wehali.